The prisoner of the "Iron Mask" - who is he?
• The Prisoner in the "Iron Mask" - who is he?
In 1698, the Bastille was taken prisoner, whose face was concealed terrible iron mask. His name was not known, but in prison he was listed under number 64489001. create an aura of mystery has spawned many versions of what might have been the man in the mask.
Prisoner in the iron mask on an anonymous engraving of the French Revolution (1789).
About translated from another prison prisoner superiors did not know anything. They were ordered to put a man in a mask blank into the camera and not to talk to him. After 5 years, the prisoner died. He was buried under the name Marchialli. All the things the deceased was burned, and the walls picked open, not to leave any notes.
When the end of the XVIII century under the impact of the French Revolution, Bastille fell, the new government released documents that shed light on the fate of prisoners. But they are about the man in the mask was not a single word.
Bastille - French prison.
Jesuit Griffith, former confessor of the Bastille at the end of the XVII century, wrote that the prison was taken prisoner in velvet (not iron) mask. In addition, the prisoner wore it only when the camera someone appeared. From a medical point of view, if the prisoner is really wearing the mask of metal, it is always disfigured his face. Iron mask "made" writers who shared their predictions of who really could be this mysterious prisoner.
Man in the Iron Mask.
For the first time on the prisoner in the mask is mentioned in the "Secret Journal of the Persian court," published in 1745 in Amsterdam. According to the "Notes" signed number 64489001 was none other than the illegitimate son of Louis XIV and his mistress Françoise Louise de la Valliere. He held the title of Duke of Vermandois allegedly slapped his brother, the Grand Dauphin, for which he landed in jail. In fact, this version is implausible, t. To. The illegitimate son of a French king died at the age of 16 in 1683. And the records of the Jesuit confessor Bastille Griffith unknown imprisoned in 1698, and he died in 1703.
A shot from the k / f "Man in the Iron Mask" (1998).
Francois Voltaire in his "Age of Louis the XIV", written in 1751, was first pointed out that the Iron Mask could well be the twin brother of the Sun King. To avoid problems with the succession to the throne of one of the boys brought up in secret. When Louis XIV learned of the existence of the brother, then condemned him to perpetual imprisonment. This hypothesis is so logical to explain the presence of the prisoner mask that it has become the most popular among the other versions and subsequently was repeatedly filmed directors.
In the guise of an Italian adventurer Ercole Antonio Mattioli could hide.
It is believed that the mask was forced to wear the famous Italian adventurer Ercole Antonio Mattioli. Italian in 1678 entered into an agreement with Louis XIV, in which pledged to make his pass Duke Casale King castle in exchange for a fee of 10,000 crowns. Adventurer took the money, but the contract is not fulfilled. Moreover, Mattioli gave this a state secret even several countries for a separate fee. For this betrayal of the French government sent him to the Bastille, forced to wear a mask.
The Russian Emperor Peter I.
Some researchers have advanced quite so far-fetched version of the man in the iron mask. On one of them, this could be a prisoner of the Russian Emperor Peter I. It was during this period, Peter I was in Europe with his diplomatic mission ( "The Great Embassy"). Autocrat allegedly imprisoned in the Bastille, but instead sent home frontman. Like, how else to explain the fact that the king was leaving the Russian holy chtivshim Christian tradition, and returned back to the typical European, wishing to break the patriarchal foundations of Russia.