Hattie McDaniel: the first black actress, received the "Oscar"

• Hattie McDaniel: the first black actress, received the award "Oscar"

This actress in the world known as Mammy in "Gone With the Wind" - in spite of the more than 30 roles in movies, it is this work has made her the most famous woman of the 1940s. and the first black actress received the award "Oscar". Hattie McDaniel was also a professional singer and comedian, has performed on stage and starred in the TV shows. But the success was given to her is not easy: she never saw the premiere of the film that brought her international fame, as on the eve of the guest list were removed all the black actor.

Hattie McDaniel: the first black actress, received the Hattie McDaniel: the first black actress, received the

The most famous dark-skinned woman of the 1940s.

Hattie McDaniel: the first black actress, received the

Hattie McDaniel was born in 1895 in the family of a former slave. On stage she went from childhood: her father organized the show, which played with their children. At the beginning of the 1920s. Hattie began to sing in the ensemble of black musicians, and then she was invited to perform with his songs on the radio Denver. She was the first of all the black singers who performed their songs on American radio.

Hattie McDaniel: the first black actress, received the

Hattie McDaniel in Gone with the Wind movie * * 1939

Hattie McDaniel: the first black actress, received the

At the beginning of the 1930s. Hattie McDaniel starred in many films, but her name in the credits is nowhere mentioned. For the first time her name was mentioned only once in 1934, she joined the Screen Actors Guild USA. By the time of filming "Gone with the Wind" Hattie was already well-known and popular Hollywood actress. She was friends with Clark Gable, and that he got the role of Mammy's recommendations, although the number of its competitors was not less than the contenders for the role of Scarlett. Legend has it that even Eleanor Roosevelt asked the director to lift the image of her maid, Mammy but still became McDaniel.

Hattie McDaniel: the first black actress, received the

Hattie McDaniel in Gone with the Wind movie * * 1939

Hattie McDaniel: the first black actress, received the

The premiere of "Gone With the Wind" has been scheduled for December 15, 1939 in Atlanta. On the eve of the event all black artists suddenly deleted from the list of invitees. And although the producer, and Clark Gable were outraged by this incident, to the premiere of his most famous film actress did not get. However, 13 days after she appeared on the demonstration of "Gone with the Wind" in Hollywood.

Hattie McDaniel: the first black actress, received the

Hattie McDaniel and host 12th Oscars Faye Beynter

Hattie McDaniel: the first black actress, received the Hattie McDaniel: the first black actress, received the

And next year she was rewarded for his efforts: she became "Oscar" the first black winner of the award. She was given the award as the winner in the category "Best Actress". Hattie McDaniel for the ceremony award, of course, invited, but then she was a victim of racial discrimination: she had to sit in a separate part of the hall "for color." Nevertheless, in his acceptance speech, the actress called her success winning the whole black race.

Hattie McDaniel: the first black actress, received the Hattie McDaniel: the first black actress, received the

"Gone with the Wind" film received statuettes in several nominations and grossed 193.6 million dollars, which brought him to the position of the cash project in the history of cinema. And Hattie McDaniel became the most popular woman of the 1940s. New proposals for the shooting fell down one after the other. She played many roles in the movies, the most famous of her works were "This is our life" (1942), "be thankful" (1943), "Since You Went Away" (1944). In addition, it has become the prototype of a cartoon character - a black cat housewife in "Tom and Jerry".

Hattie McDaniel: the first black actress, received the

The actress became the prototype of the cartoon character from the Tom and Jerry * *

The last time she appeared on screen in 1949 in the film "Family Honeymoon", and then some time has worked in radio and television, and in 1952 she had to retire - doctors diagnosed her with breast cancer. October 26 the same year, 57-year-old actress has died.

Hattie McDaniel: the first black actress, received the

Even after the death of Hattie McDaniel was again the victim of discrimination: in her will she asked to bury her in the cemetery of Santa Monica, where lie the movie stars. But the owner of the cemetery to bury banned in its territory black actress.

Hattie McDaniel: the first black actress, received the Hattie McDaniel: the first black actress, received the

In memory of millions of viewers actress forever remain Mammy from "Gone With the Wind"