Personal tragedy which has gone through the famous landscape painter Ivan Shishkin
• Personal tragedy which has gone through the famous landscape painter Ivan Shishkin
119 years ago, March 20 (old style - 8th March) 1898, died a famous Russian artist Ivan Shishkin. He died at his easel, his death was sudden and came from a heart attack. Shishkin textbook image as "the poet of nature" and "Russian forest singer" did not give any idea about what passion really raged in the soul of the artist.
Kramskoy. Portrait of the artist Ivan Shishkin, 1873. Detail
In the first half of life only passion was painting by Ivan Shishkin. He was born and raised in Yelabuga, on the banks of the Kama River and the surrounding countryside have inspired him since childhood. At age 20, he went to Moscow to enroll in the School of Painting and Sculpture. For his studies he treated with the utmost seriousness: "The artist must be a supreme being, living in an ideal world of art and seeking only to improve. artist Properties: sobriety, moderation in all things, a love for art, shy character, integrity and honesty ... Landscape painter - a true artist, he feels deeper, purer. "
The famous landscape painter Ivan Shishkin and his wife Eugenia
In 1867 Shishkin began to teach the young artist Fyodor Vasilyev, and soon became acquainted with his sister - Eugenia, who in 1868 became his wife. At that time, Shishkin was already 36 years old and his beloved - 21 years old. Niece of the artist told me: "wanderings from one furnished room he was tired terribly, and he devoted himself with all his heart to his family and household. For their children it was the most gentle, loving his father, especially while the children were small. Evgenia was simple and good woman, and a year of her life with Ivan Ivanovich took place in a peaceful and quiet operation. "
Shishkin painted his wife in two scenes: * The Lady with the Dog * 1868 and * Before mirror. During the reading of the letter * 1870
They lived together for a total of 6 years. In 1872, the artist has begun a black stripe in life: first, his father died, and then - little son Vladimir. He died of tuberculosis brother Fedor's wife, with whom Shishkin was very friendly. And the next year, and the disease took away his beloved wife, died a year later the son of Constantine. The artist was only daughter Lydia. About that period he remembered with horror: "White light faded, all in black and white engraving, lost color. Back to life the native Yelabuga ".
Shishkin. Kama near Elabuga 1895
Shishkin. Rich broad gully (Pine wood on the Kama River), 1877
For a while he stopped writing and was addicted to alcohol. But painting has saved him from despair. During this period, the artist creates paintings that would later be called its software products, life-affirming and glorifying the beauty of Russian nature. However, in reality, these landscapes are hardly idyllic. In one of his most famous paintings - "Rye" - one piece makes some researchers make an assumption that it is not written from life and added intentionally. Dead trees in the background looks like a discordant note in the background of this celebration of life and power. Perhaps thus the author has designated a personal tragedy: after the loss of his father, his wife and two children he felt withered tree.
Shishkin. Rye 1878
Shishkin. Mountain path in Crimea 1879
Shishkin. First Snow 1875 Back to life helped him not only the native Yelabuga, but also a new feeling that erupted to the artist Olga Lagoda. She was one of the first 30 women accepted as noncredit Academy of Arts. Olga Shishkin became a student, and in 1880 - his second wife. The couple had a daughter, Ksenia, and six weeks after her birth Olga died of inflammation of the peritoneum. Her death was a terrible blow for the artist, in a letter to a friend, he admitted: "What I have suffered the loss of ... What was that person. Woman, wife, mother, along with the talented artist. Heart skips a beat in pain. "
Olga Lagoda-Shishkina. Self-portrait. Outline 1880
Sister Olga Victoria replaced the newborn's mother. She lived in the family Shishkin, caring and a niece, and his daughter from his first marriage, and about himself. His death was a complete surprise to all. Shishkin was 66 years old, he was in good health and continued to write. That morning, as usual, he worked with a student and working on a new painting "Forest Kingdom". Suddenly he started, dropped his head on his chest, the student rushed up to him, but it was too late - the death was instantaneous. Arrived doctor noted a heart attack.
Shishkin. At the edge of a pine forest, 1897
Ivan Shishkin paintings at the * At the edge of a pine forest * 1897