That in Russia waiting for unfaithful wives
"women are created for man and not man for a woman" - a postulate propagated Russian Orthodox Church. This gave rise to distrust both sexes to each other, so marriage was not for love, but by the will of the parents. In such families, spouses treated each other with hostility, not value each other - so cheating is often accompanied by such a relationship, despite the condemnation by society.
The earliest document in which mention is made of infidelity - the Charter of Prince Yaroslav the Wise. It says that a man was considered an adulterer if he was not only a lover but also children from her. For betraying his wife a man should have to pay a fine church, and the amount of the fine determined the prince. The chronicles record exists that Mstislav Vladimirovich (son of Vladimir Monomakh) "does not stint wives attended, and she (Princess), knowing that in no way offends ... But now, - he continued (according to the Chronicle), - as a princess a young man, wants to have fun, and may, in fact inflict as indecent, I usterech already uncomfortable, but rather, when that one does not know and does not speak. "
Change Women believe any link women with foreign men. Her husband had to punish frivolous wife. If he forgave the traitor, and continued to live with her, then he was supposed to punishment. To avoid punishment, the man had to divorce his unfaithful wife, and not to delay this moment: "Even if the woman is with another man, the husband is to blame, blowing her ..."
the XVII and XVIII century
In the XVII and XVIII century adultery was the reason for the divorce. In pre-Petrine times the husband could get off a year of penance and a fine, the woman is always carrying a heavier penalty be imposed than the man. If a woman accuses of treason, after the divorce, she had to start spinning the yard, and it was forbidden to remarry. To prove the betrayal of his wife, the husband had to bring witnesses. This is reflected in the saying of Vladimir Dal "is not caught - not a thief, is not raised - not bl --- s".
The nobles were treated to a change tolerable. Peasants are much harsher attitude toward treason and condemned it. However, the punishment is not an obstacle for adultery. This is reflected in the sayings: "As a girl fall in love matchmaker - nobody's fault," "Do not mother told - she wanted", and especially "Chuzh husband nice - but not the age to live with him and his post - drag with it."
There were many occasions when the husband "divorce was not looking for" a traitor. Often the husband was willing to punish his wife - whips, whip, or correctional labor. His wife, who was caught on treason, forbidden to wear her husband's name. Penance for women was long-term (15 years), or sent her to a convent.
Handling husbands demanding dilute it with the "wrong" is always satisfied. This led to the fact that if a man 'wife was not needed ", it was a convenient excuse to get a divorce and start a new family. However, there were many cases when diluted at the request of his wife. If treason "caught" her husband, then his punishment was to ustyditelnoy conversation with the "spiritual father".
XIX - early XX century
In the XIX century, as in the previous century, to the betrayal of his wife treated more severely than to betray her husband. Men believe the moral punishment. There was a caveat: in a society divorced men secretly put restrictions on promotion, could not give the desired position. This situation is described by Leo Tolstoy in "Anna Karenina." The common people used "shameful punishment." To change women are strictly "These women are doubly sin - and violate the purity and corrupt law ... rastaschihi, nesoblyudihi".
Men used the "betrayal" of his wife as an excuse to divorce her, so the petitions of this kind in the archives of hundreds. County courts in this case assigned zhenschine- "traitor" formal punishment - arrest, community service. Husband could punish his wife and yourself - to drive her home, taking her dowry. Wife could not divorce her husband. Men did not consent to a divorce, "and without the consent of her husband's passport will not allow." But the woman could razluchnitse revenge for the humiliation suffered by - in Yaroslavl province, for example, the wife could break windows, home to smear soot and tar gates.
In the Yaroslavl province in the Volga region and a husband could beat his wife-traitor, and in the Volga region was considered the right to beat her "in public." The Russian North, in the Tver and Kostroma Province preferred "not to wash dirty linen in public" and there are judges unfaithful wives and husbands were old. Common form of the female punishment was her "vpryaganie" in the cart. Husband forced her to take him, and he hit her with a whip.
The Soviet period
In XX century the punishment for treason transformed. Divorces have become difficult, the Soviet government followed the policy of "strengthening the family". The private life of a person has ceased to be a private, personal relationships and intimate relationships have become part of the party and Komsomol meetings. Throughout the existence of the Soviet Union maintained a tradition of discussion at meetings of family crises, public policy "strong Soviet family" actively mounted in the minds of citizens.