Eternal Volvo. As the North Koreans have put the Swedes
• Eternal Volvo. As North Koreans Swedes have put
immediately see everything with your own eyes and you realize that all these horror stories about North Korea - a banal lie. All are human beings and for the people - no traffic jams, no car households slaughtered or cluttered streets, so that it is impossible to park.
On rare photographs from North Korea often are numerous taxi Volvo emerald-green color. As it turned out, the Swedish automaker has set a batch of thousands of models of sedans Volvo 144GL almost 40 years ago, in 1974, but the money for the equipment to date has not received. A car has since continued to operate successfully.
B a certain kingdom, in a state ... No, not like that! In a galaxy far far away ... No, not like that! In short, let's get to the point. The press periodically there are very serious discussion of the topic of North Korea - they are almost a war were going to announce the United States, the scandal with the film "Interview" and hacker attacks on the Sony, then the noise will add a flamboyant basketball player Dennis Rodman, who regularly visits Korea, their Kim someone executes, and so on. d.
And to demonstrate that the Koreans have to keep your eyes open, an American journalist unearthed the story of how North Korea owes Volvo Cars 300 million euros.
So then, the Swedish production of works in the taxi capital of the DPRK. This incredible experiment with Volvo cars showed the highest quality Swedish products under intensive use, as they operate in a harsh climate and poor roads. And all this without any kind whatsoever firm service, and even without the normal maintenance parts. Now it is difficult to determine whether Koreans generally expected to pay for the delivered machines. But the accumulated debt of the Swedish concern today is more than 300 million euros! Of course, it is taking into account the long-term default interest.
As Newsweek wrote, in 1974, was handed over to the party of the thousands of sedans Volvo 144GL Korean side for which the buyer has not paid off so far. Cars drive on the streets of the North Korean that can be seen in recent photographs of tourists who happen to visit this country.
"This may be an unexpected witness the strength of the Swedish technique" - the newspaper notes.
a chance to return the money by Volvo are regarded as zero. So the only way to get at least some dividends - to use photos from Korea for advertising: these forty years in the Swedish sedans go on the road without firm service and spare parts.
on the sedan flaunts label "DE LUXE", the Koreans have decided that if they take it, the better (the tourist photo)
The beginning of the 70s was not so bad for the Democratic People's Republic of Korea. The economy is not developed at a fantastic rate, but the main indicators looked worthy of comparison with the southern part of the peninsula. And in the '60s, North Korea had a GDP even more than South Korea.
In the 70s in Europe were strong position of the left who have decided to organize an investment in the "land of Utopia." Therefore, in the early 70s, Stockholm and Pyongyang have begun to develop economic ties. One such business transactions was precisely supply Volvo, which organizes the Swedish diplomats in Korea. Volvo was one of the first European companies that appeared on the North Korean market: due to this she was able to quickly get an order for a thousand cars. Moreover, following in the wake of the establishment of business in the Korean Peninsula, Sweden became the first (!) Western country to recognize the Korean socialist state and to establish diplomatic relations with it. In 1975 it was officially opened by the Swedish Embassy in Pyongyang. However, later it became clear that the customer will not pay. First, North Korea has asked for a moratorium on the payment of debt. In 1976, the Swedish newspaper Dagens Nyheter wrote that North Korea was planning to repay their foreign debts supplies of copper and zinc, but the prices for these raw materials fell sharply, so that the Korean economists estimates were "overly optimistic." And then there was a diplomatic scandal. North Korean diplomats were involved in smuggling operations with the Swedish side, embassy employees were involved in the drug trade. The group is engaged in the smuggling was exposed and Sweden demanded punishment for all those involved in these operations, to which Korea has refused citing diplomatic immunity. As it turned out later, smuggling was carried out on the direct orders of the North Korean leadership, however, North Korea has used this incident as an excuse for refusing payment.
So, after 40 years of debt for cars, including interest and inflation exceeded 300 million euros. Newsweek notes that if now the Koreans will gather all the thousand cars and sell them at the book value of about € 2,000, they will cover only 0, 6 percent of the debt.
Volvo 144GL continue to appear on the streets of Pyongyang - mainly for those lucky few who can afford to travel in comfort, luxury equipment in even 40 years ago, and most importantly be able to pay for it.
The Korean taxi Swedish-made and so dear, heating soul Soviet entourage, which wants to return 86% of the population Russia (well HHM-ant for sure). "I think I've never been in such an old car even at home in Sweden Taxi was in very good condition, not even close to perfect condition, it seemed to me." - said Tor Rauden, Swedish photographer and businessman who traveled to North Korea .
It seems that the Koreans are really masters of repair and maintenance services, supporting them in good condition despite decades of isolation from the outside world. And the conditions are very harsh, especially winter. Snow never removed, never, it just melts with time itself, the roads are terrible, like in the neighboring Russian Federation. And yet they work.
The panels in the cabin, bumper and chrome on the car far from the factory condition, but 144GL veterans are still in service. Feedback from tourists to move around in a taxi on many machines tire almost completely erased, covers the once luxurious leather seats are made of what is necessary. No one knows how many of the 1,000 cars survived to the present day, but they still wish many years of service. This is a real live rarities!
In fairness it should be noted that Volvo has not only affected the company. No less than the debt of North Korea Swiss Rolex in the amount of 5 million euros for the supply of 2000 watches in 1976 for "Pope Kim Il-sung". As I understand Koreans not much detail - the Volvo luxury, expensive watches ... However, it all ended? Apparently it affected the habit of economic relations with the Soviet Union, at the expense of which lived all sorts of potentates, dictators, rulers, and the Communist Party of any "Bantustans". But not citizens of the USSR.
Well, it's a taxi. Taxis in North Korea can be used by persons less than the car once in 100 themselves, and the others like it? And in itself raises the question: Why do they, the people who are in hereditary slavery, general transportation? Deserted city, Pyongyang, or people are not machines, but propaganda and visual propaganda.
The bus number 903, decorated in honor of "the first steps of a baby, Kim Jong-un" plastic flowers.
And, there are still bicycle, which is awarded to the foremost sometimes some production. Or had inherited, because Koreans buy it impossible, because it is worth a kilo of apples 2000-3000 there is half the working wage in Korea.
Oh yes, there is an army transport. SUV Kaengsaeng
A copy of the Soviet GAZ-69 is produced in Korea, but now extremely rare car, the Korean army moved to the Chinese SUVs, nothing of Soviet or Russian it (*) is not necessary. Considered unreliable.
Snowfall on Taehak Strasse, as I said, the snow is not removed until he melts. And as we can see not only the Swedish car industry has supplied vehicles to North Korea :-))
Tongil Avenue in the winter, no cars - no traffic jams. Well, because the eye is nice, no? My heart does not warm space in the photo?
The area in front of Pyongyang station. Well, just an area of Gagarin in 1968.
Rare cars, rare passers-by.
Prospect Yonggwang. Exactly in exactly Kalininskij in 60s.
Russian, but the Russians (and it is not Russian), as the Soviet hereditary servants do not understand the word "Freedom". They it is constantly confused with anarchy because their minds zateinon as cancer uninterrupted propaganda and lies about themselves and the world around them. It lasts from the time of the Bolshevik revolution in Russia in 1917. You do not understand the meaning of "despotism", but if more than one, it can not be despotism.
But in Russia today - despotism. Board one of the eternal leader. As in North Korea. Rejoice that have a son there, and that would be a hereditary despotism as in Belarus. (Though who knows ....)
And if 15 years ago I would have said, with yet, but now it's just me vybeshivaet - where do so many poor idealists who all strive to transform his country Russia to North Korea, it's just amazing. Where does this slave mentality of self-restraint and providing solutions throughout the life of one eternal leader?
Why do you teach a child not to decide for themselves, but instilled a global desire to decide for all?
based on the domestic and foreign press and media