10 of the most intriguing animals in the world
Did you know that the majority of the most unusual animal planet are endangered species? How many species dying out every hour, day, year? If not - read the post until the end.
10. shoebill (lat. Balaeniceps rex)
Shoebill or royal heron - a very large bird. Its height is on average 1 2 m wingspan 2, m 3 and a weight of 4-7 kg. It lives in the tropical swamps of East Africa.
Like a shoe huge beak allows kitoglavu skillfully catch fish. The same bird beak prevents produce any other food.
Kitoglava eyes are located in front of the skull, rather than on both sides as most birds, it allows him to see everything three-dimensional.
Kitoglavy - rare birds, their number is about 10,000. Man destroys the habitat of these birds and ruining their nests. Species listed in the Red Book.
Shoebill was opened in 1849, less than a year he has already been scientifically described.
№9. Glass Frog (lat. Centrolenidae)
Glass frog - a family of tailless amphibians.
At first glance, it seems that these perfectly ordinary frog. But if you look on their bellies, you can understand why they are called glass. Through the bellies of frogs can be seen all the internal organs. The skin on her stomach they clear.
For the first time Europeans discovered these frogs in 1872 in Ecuador. Prestaviteley this family can be found in the northwestern part of South America, Central America and some other regions of South America.
At present more than 150 species described glass frogs. Glass frog usually not very large, their size is from 3 to 7, 5 centimeters. Living such frog usually the trees in mountainous forests and only in the breeding season reach the water.
Glass frogs lay their eggs on the leaves of trees or shrubs that grow directly over the water, although one of the more attractive species to lay eggs are stones near waterfalls. Anyway, hardly tadpoles hatch from the eggs, they immediately fall into the water from a height, and further live and develop in water.
№8. Platypus (lat. Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Platypus - one of the most intriguing animals in the world. The platypus is the only modern representative of the family ornithorhynchidae. The platypus is classified as mammals. This unique animal is one of the symbols of Australia. The platypus is depicted on the reverse of 20 Australian cents.
Platypus was first discovered in the 18th century during the colonization of New South Wales. At that time it was defined as "animal amphibian of the family of moles."
In England platypus hide brought for the first time in 1797, when an unusual animal has caused fierce debate in the scientific community. First, the skin felt fake taxidermy. But it failed to dispel doubts about George Shaw, who investigated for the presence of skin stitches and did not find them. He gave the name of a new species in 1799.
Platypus - poisonous mammal. Males have spurs on their hind legs, from which during the mating season, produce toxins. Platypus poison can kill small animals, but not humans. In humans, it causes severe pain and swelling at the injection site is formed, which spread to the entire limb.
№7. Tapir (lat. Tapirus)
Tapirs - herbivores of the order Perissodactyla, resembling in appearance a pig with a trunk.
Average sizes tapirs - length of about 2 meters, the height of about one meter, the weight of 100-300 kg.
Earlier, tapirs are very common, but only 5 species remains today.
Tapirs common in Central and South America and Southeast Asia.
Despite the large number of predators that feed tapirs, tapir main enemy is man. Hunting on the tapirs for their meat and skin significantly reduced their population. Tapirs are threatened with extinction. Tapirs are listed in the Red Book.
№6. Fantastic listohvosty gecko (lat. Uroplatus phantasticus)
This is an amazing creation lives in Madagascar's forests. It is quite difficult to observe because of the body shape and color of it looks like a dry leaf. For the red eyes of some individuals they have received the name - fantastic or satanic geckos. The habitat of this species - the north and center of Madagascar.
The body length of adults of 9-14 cm, most of which takes a long flat tail like a leaf. Gecko color can vary from gray and brown to green and yellow.
For the first time this species of gecko was discovered in 1888 by the Belgian naturalist George Albert Boulenger.
Species is in danger of extinction due to uncontrolled capture and destruction of their natural habitat.
№5. Star-nosed mole (lat. Condylura cristata)
Star-nosed mole or zvezdoryl very unusual mammal that lives in North America. On the face at the star-nosed mole twenty-two skin build-up in the shape of a star. Such a nose adapted for digging of underground tunnels and works perfectly as an organ of touch. Nose rays are moving very quickly, checking for edibility of all objects in its path.
The animals swim perfectly and find food not only on land but also in water. They mostly feed on worms, molluscs, larvae, small crustaceans.
Star-nosed mole natural enemies: owls and other birds of prey, weasels and skunk. Human activity has greatly reduced the natural range of star-nosed mole. However, the star-nosed mole does not belong to the rare endangered species.
№4. Leafy Seadragon (lat. Phycodurus eques)
Leafy Seadragon, or rag-picker - lucheporyh species of marine fish of the family of a needle. Body length can reach 35 cm. A distinctive feature of fish are numerous flat translucent appendages that simulate algal thallus. These processes need to conceal from the enemy. Picker is moved by a pectoral and dorsal fins. These small fins are almost completely transparent, they are swaying very often (up to 10 times per second), providing dimensional wiggle fish on the waves, creating the illusion of floating seaweed. The maximum movement speed - 150 m / h.
Lives on the south-east and south-west coast of Australia in the Indian Ocean. Typically, they are found in shallow water at depths ranging from 4 to 30 m.
It feeds on plankton, mysids, algae. Rag-pickers are under threat of destruction due to industrial emissions, as well as becoming a collector's diving enthusiasts. Taken under protection by the Australian government.
№3. Short-beaked echidna (lat. Tachyglossus aculeatus)
Short-beaked echidna - kind of egg-laying mammals echidna family. The only member of the genus echidnas.
Short-beaked echidna was first described in 1792 by an English zoologist George Shaw, who also gave the name to mind mistakenly counted among the anteater. After 10 years, Edward Home found at the echidna and platypus similarities - the cloaca, on the basis of this discovery and has been isolated detachment of monotremes.
Short-beaked echidna is found in Australia, Tasmania, New Guinea and the islands of Bass Strait.
Externally, the viper is most similar to a hedgehog - her whole body covered with coarse stiff hairs, and the sides and back bristling with long, 5 - 6 cm needles are yellow with black tips. In Australian viper length grows to 50 cm, while having a weight of up to 7kg. The tail and ears are so small that they are practically invisible.
The muzzle from vipers very elongated, up to 7, 5 cm in length, and plays an extremely important role in the life of the animal, as the vision he is weak, and the environment is known mainly through the sense of smell and hearing. Roth, representing a very small opening at the end faces, has teeth, but it fits sticky tongue having a length of 25 cm. With such a tool viper produce their own food, consisting of termites, ants, worms and other small insects, what looks like a giant anteater. The powerful front legs equipped with claws allow it to destroy the walls of termite mounds, then the course is language. Australian vipers are nocturnal, and highly secretive.
Its main defense - thorns; disturbed viper rolled into a ball like a hedgehog, and if the time to partially buried in the ground, inserting the enemy back with raised needles. Pull out the viper of the excavated pit is very difficult, because it strongly rests on feet and needles.
Short-beaked echidna is common in Australia and Tasmania, and does not belong to an endangered species. Vipers tolerate the content in captivity, but not multiply. To breed Australian echidna managed only five zoos
№2. Yeti Crab (lat. Kiwa hirsuta)
Kiwa hirsuta or "yeti crab" was first discovered in 2005 at a depth of 2228 m in the South Pacific Ocean 1,500 miles from Easter Island.
The expedition led by Robert Vreyenhuka and Michel Segonzac during dives aboard Alvin manned underwater vehicle several times seen these large white crayfish around active hydrothermal vents.
15 centimeter cancer body covered with multiple pinnate bristles which contain filamentous bacteria, cleaning water against toxic compounds for cancer and may serve as food for him.
№1. Fish-drop (lat. Psychrolutes marcidus)
Fish-drop - one of the most bizarre deep-ocean fish, is endemic to Australia. It lives at depths of 600 to 1,200 meters off the coast of Australia.
Fish-droplet size of about 30 - 35 cm (60). fish-body drops, jelly-like and watery, so it got its name. A fish is not well-developed muscles, it floats gaping mouth, or sit in one place and swallows small invertebrates.
View poorly understood. Despite the unpresentable appearance, Asians believe meat and fish delicacy drops. It is threatened by the expansion of deep-sea fishing, as it increasingly comes across the network along with the crabs and lobsters.
The structure of the front part of the head gives the impression that the fish are constantly frowning and has the unfortunate "face", which is why fish is ranked first in the rankings of the most bizarre creatures. Because of the unusual shape of the fish became a popular character of Internet memes and is often included in lists of "most bizarre creatures."
In fact, the amazing and bizarre animals in the world is much more, but it is impossible to put them all in one small rating.
Every hour dies approximately 3 species every day - more than 70 every year - more than 26 thousand.