Whose blood flows in the veins of the Slavic peoples
The Slavs are a massive ethno-cultural community, but their emergence as one of the people associated with the merger and the influence of different tribes, their relatives on genetics, linguistics and culture. In today's world the Slavs consider themselves to be more than 400 million. People, most of whom live in the whole territory of Eurasia, from central Europe to the Kuril Islands. None of the nations can not be called "purely Slavic", there is no scientific evidence as it should look like and what the Slavs anthropological features they have. In the formation of each of the Slavic people is greatly influenced by the local substrates indigenous tribes, whose territory once occupied by Slavs.
Baltic or Finno-Ugric roots of the Russian people
Before the arrival of Slavic tribes the territory of modern Russia was populated mostly Finno-Ugric and Baltic countries (in the western part of the Volga-Oka rivers). Slavic colonization of these lands began in the VI century BC. e. during the great migration of peoples and lasted until the late Middle Ages.
Autochthonous population of the south-western part of the ancient lands were Baltic tribes Zemgale, Latgale (Western Dvina basin) and golyad (shore middle Oka).
Archaeological excavations show that the Balts, settled on the lands of ancient Rus, were carriers of the Corded Ware culture. This fact indicates that the copper bells in places Balt graves.
Peaceful merger of Baltic and Slavic newcomers due to the considerable linguistic proximity and related religious beliefs. Furthermore, they were roughly the same level of material culture, which greatly simplifies the process of assimilation of the two ethnic groups. Another group of the indigenous peoples of ancient Rus - Finno-Ugric peoples living on the territory of Eastern Europe and the north. Finno-Ugric tribes differed hostility and voluntarily "mixed" with the Slavs, adopting their culture and customs.
In fact, the Slavs played a significant role in the Russian linguistic ethnogenesis, but anthropology and gene pool of people in Russia were formed under the strong influence of the indigenous peoples Slavicised.
Balta substrate Slavs (along with the Finno-Ugric) have been identified in the writings of anthropologists and scientists and geneticists.
Investigation of the gene pool of the Balto-Slavic populations under the supervision of OP Balanovsky and with the participation of geneticists from different countries confirmed that the Balts - this is the next of kin of East Slavic nations, including Russian.
Why the Czechs not really Slavs
In the territory of South Bohemia - in the city of Tabor - Lughnasadh festival takes place every year, whose name translates as "a bunch of meadow" or "wedding Meadows". This pagan festival marks the beginning of the fall and once again reminds us of the Celtic roots of modern Czechs. At one time the Celts settled almost the entire territory of Europe, from the Dnieper to the Irish Sea, and their traditions and culture adopted many European nations.
Celtic stay in the Czech Republic dates back to the middle of the V century until the end of the I century BC. e. It is from the ancient Celtic people Boii country gained its historical name - Bohemia. Czech writer and historian Ludek Fribort wrote in his writings that many Czech hydronyms have a Celtic origin. In particular, the Isère river comes from the word "Isar", which translated from the ancient Celtic language means "fast river". From Bohemia since the middle of the I century BC. e. German tribes Celts pushed and partially assimilated by them. Lucane, Morava, Czech, lyutomerichi, gbany other come Slavic tribes of Northern Transcarpathians and settled in Bohemia in IV-VII centuries n. e. At that time, the Czech territories were populated by the remnants of the Germanic tribes - the Lombards and Thuringia, which can be regarded as the descendants of the Celts assimilated.
The Belarusians - the Slavs and Balts?
The origin and formation of the Belarusian ethnos - a complex and ambiguous process, the study of which there is still no single point of view. Soviet historian M. Dovnar-Zapolskiy argued that the Belarusians - the most "clean" of all the Slavs and their ethnogenesis is defined primarily as a fusion of ancient Slavic tribes Krivichy and Radimichi. At the end of XIX - early XX centuries, there is a large number of archaeological, ethnographic and linguistic materials, questioning the "purity of the Slavic blood" Belarusians and testifying that their ethnogenetics includes significant Balt substrate.
Balts occupied the territory of modern Belarus presumably at the end of the III millennium BC. e., in the VI century BC. e. They accounted for the bulk of the population in these lands. This is evidenced by numerous hydronyms Balta origin - Volcha, Drut, paintings Drisvyaty etc. In the VI century BC.. e. in the territory, uniting pools Vistula and the Neman, Western Dvina and the Upper Dnieper, began to move slowly and peacefully Slavic tribes. As a result of inter-ethnic contacts, there are mixed Balto-Slavic groups. On the involvement of Balts to the Belarusian ethnogenesis evidenced by various archaeological artifacts, such as burial mounds of the eastern orientation of the dead, that is, by tradition, Balt.
As the Scythians and Sarmatians influenced the Ukrainian ethnos
Ukrainians are mixed ethnolinguistic group, which influenced on formation Sarmats, Greeks, Goth, Thrakians, Turks and other nations, once resided in Ukrainian lands.
C mid II thousand. BC. e. territory from the foothills of the Carpathians and the Danube to the lowlands of the Kuban settled the tribes of Cimmerians. Mentions about this people recorded in written sources of ancient Greek scholars Herodotus EVSTATHIOU and Skimpa, as well as in the "Odyssey" by Homer. The VIII century BC. e. Cimmerians Scythians drove the militants and have created the first state formation on the territory of Ukraine - Scythia.
In a III. BC. e. to the south of Ukraine to the Volga and Ural came to Iranian-speaking Sarmatian tribes, which have been partially replaced the partially assimilated and absorbed the Sarmatian.
C. Article IV. n. e. It begins the great migration of peoples, and almost all of this migration wave passed through Ukraine. First passed through these lands Hun further steppe strip moved Bulgarian, accidents, ugry (Hungary) Petchenegs, Polovtsi and Mongolian-Tatar. Some of them completely (Pechenegs, Polovtsy), others partially settled on Ukrainian territory.
Most archeologists believe that a significant imprint on Ukrainian ethnogenesis left the Scythians and Sarmatians, intermingled with the Antes tribe - the ancestors of the Slavs. Carriers the Chernyakhov culture Scythians anthropologists call the ancestors of the ancient glades, from whom modern Ukrainians occurred.
The peoples that inhabited Ukraine for centuries, were a huge ethnic cauldron. They followed each other, assimilated with the newly arrived tribes, creating ethnic group and certainly contributed to the development of the Ukrainian ethnos.
To determine the exact origin of the Bulgarians is difficult, because this nation was formed under the influence of the three ethnic groups: the ancient Bulgars, Slavs and Thracians. Bulgars, in turn - a nomadic Turkic origin, may have taken relevant to the tribal union Huns.
According to archaeological research and written records, in 681 nomadic tribes Bulgarians defeated the Byzantine army in the battle and settled on the lower reaches of the Danube, which at that time already lived Slavs. Together with the local population descendants Turks formed the first Bulgarian Kingdom. Slavic basis of this ethnic group was stronger and helped the Turkic nomadic people to create their own state on the territory of Europe.