The most eastern city in Russia with a height
• The most easterly city in Russia with a height of
The capital of the Chukotka Autonomous Okrug - Anadyr. It is a port city in the permafrost zone, which is home to just over 15 thousand people. Previously Anadyr was in the border zone, and ordinary people can visit it only with special permits. Who come here can any citizen of Russia.
Anadyr is located on the Chukchi Peninsula, on the right bank of Anadyr Bay of the Bering Sea, at the mouth of the river Cossack women. The average July temperature is here only +11 ° C, and reservoirs warmed to +10 ° C. In this winter due to the proximity to the sea is quite warm - about -22 ° C.
The town began to develop in 1889, when by order of the government of the Russian Empire was founded post Novo-Mariinsk. Anadyr received its present name only in 1924, and the status of the city - in 1965.
Now the city has a fish processing plant and the energy industries. A gold mining is carried out, in the vicinity of coal.
Otke Street - the main street of Anadyr. It is named after the former President of the Regional Executive Committee in which the region began to flourish industry, education and medicine.
Folk Art House Anadyr, there are the few ensembles rehearse and Russian, Eskimo and even Indian art.
To the left of the house of culture is a monument to Saint Nicholas - patron saint of sailors and travelers. It is considered the world's largest monument of this saint. The height of the figures - four meters, and the total height of the structure of the monument with the pedestal - 25 meters. At the same time it rises above the ground only 10 meters, and the rest goes into the permafrost. Such a structure is needed in order to figure threw no heavy wind.
Cathedral of the Holy Trinity, built in 2005. It is the largest temple, built in the permafrost.
To the building is not collapsed by the strong wind, it is designed in the shape of a pyramid. It is built of larch and pine trees and wrapped with a special cable. The same principle is used in the construction of the Ostankino television tower. By foundation perimeter 200 located refrigeration which summer is not allowed to melt and the ground always keep the temperature below -3 ° C.
Anadyr Estuary - Bay, which separates the village of Anadyr and Coal Mine, where the airport is located. In winter, this place acts ice crossing. In the warm season for cruising the waters of hovercrafts, barges and boats. Also, the airport can be reached by helicopter.
Anadyr Sea Port - the largest sea port in the Chukotka region, which has a message from Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, Vladivostok and Magadan. Its production capacity can handle up to one million tons of cargo. More here carries passengers and repairing ships.
Navigation begins in June and ends in November.
Inside of the decommissioned cutters is the bar "Caravel".
Most of the houses - colored. Paint they were under the previous governor, Roman Abramovich. urban environment project has developed a design-studio "E-program." They persuaded the governor, it will help citizens to positively perceive the surrounding reality.
New houses appear very rarely. The news can be found only a note that this year, a local developer intends to build a 4-etazhki on the street Otke. Prior to that, one more new buildings put into operation in 2009.
In general, in Anadyr live quite young people. Those who have reached retirement age often leave Chukotka and settle in cities with a more comfortable climate.
In Anadyr use satellite Internet, it works slowly and is quite expensive. Cellular communication is also more expensive than in the rest of the Far East. The operators often include the tariffs for the residents of Chukotka fewer services.
Every two years, the inhabitants of Chukotka can fly to any point of Russia and back at the expense of the state.
free shuttle buses that run on a strict schedule is effective in Anadyr. In winter, it has three routes, and in the summer - two.
In this climate there are no woods. Plant can meet the arctic willow, blueberries, cranberries, mosses and lichens. Sometimes, in the river valleys grow other species of willow and birch.
Anadyr thermal power station, which supplies heat and electricity to Anadyr, village of Coal Mines and the airport.
Tavayvaam - national Chukchi village, which is part of the city. Basically, its inhabitants are engaged in fishing or ethnic make souvenirs for tourists.
Berth in Tavayvaame.
Old tugboat, which together with several barges used as a breakwater.