Creepy monuments, looking at who feel uneasy
Recently in Turkey, opened the memorial dedicated to victims of domestic violence: 440 pairs of shoes nailed to the wall, symbolize the vulnerability of women to the aggression of their satellites. This is not only a work of art, looking at that it becomes uncomfortable.
Shoes and domestic violence
The author of this installation, which appeared in the heart of Istanbul, name Vahit Tuna. The artist confessed that the inspiration for his work was the news about the increase in the number of victims of domestic violence in Turkey. Vahit regrets that such news disappear just as quickly as appear, they do not stay long in the information field. He decided to change the situation and create an art object.
He chose the high-heeled shoes as a symbol of strength and independence, which is so lacking in women today. Vahit emphasizes that chose high heel is not as a call to give preference to such a shoe, but only for aesthetic reasons. This ordinary shoes, they do not belong to women who have suffered at the hands of their husbands. In some regions of Turkey there is a tradition to put shoes bereaved relatives over the threshold as a sign of mourning.
82 children murdered by the Nazis
One of the worst crimes of the Nazis was the destruction of Lidice - mining town in the Czech Republic, 20 kilometers west of Prague. At night, June 9, 1942 the German police units surrounded the village, blocked all escape routes and then herded all the inhabitants of Lidice in one place. Men older than 15 years were shot and the women were sent to the camp.
Eighty-eight Lidice children were transported to the area of the former textile factory, only a few children have chosen for "Germanization", the remaining 82 children have died in a gas chamber. It is these children a sculpture dedicated to the Czech artist Maria Uchitilovoy. Eighty-two bronze child, 42 girls and 40 boys, looking back to where he once was their village.
Maria was born in 1942, she began working on the sculpture in 1969, but the money was not enough, we had to connect their own funds. So, for over twenty years, Maria made a statue of a statue. Unfortunately, in 1989, finished plaster versions of the sculptures and the first three statues of bronze, Mary died suddenly, and the work was continued by her husband.
Shoes on the Danube embankment
On the waterfront Budapest lined up dozens of iron shoes: men, women and children ... They are there in memory of the Jews who were shot in this region in 1944-1945. Hungarian Nazi party, "Arrow Cross".
Before his death, the Nazis forced the victims undressed, because shoes can then be sold. People were shot on the beach, and their bodies were simply dumped into the water. To save on bullets, people lined up the chain to fire only in the first, in the hope that the bullet passed through the head of several people.
The monument was installed in 2005. The idea belongs to Ken toga and embodied its sculptor Gyula Pauer.
5000 melting men
Not all memorials are made of durable materials. Five years ago, a Brazilian sculptor Nele Azevedo established 5000 ice figures on Chamberlain Square in Birmingham levels - in honor of the victims of the First World.
"I wanted to change the usual perception of the sculpture - the artist said in an interview with Birmingham Mail. - My sculptures remember the people who do not remember any other monument. " Little men brought in ten special refrigerators. They sat under the hot sun just nothing, but left no trace in the hearts of those who saw them. It was not the first ice installation Nele, she had already done something similar in Berlin to draw attention to global warming, and then in Belfast - in the name of the dead on the "Titanic".
Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe
Perhaps one of the most famous memorials in Berlin. From the side it resembles a plurality of stone coffins, but near it is understood that this high concrete columns with narrow passages therebetween.
Memorial designed by Peter Eisenman deconstructionist in 2005. Eisenman insisted that neither the number nor the location of the units do not carry any meaning. Psychologist Colin Ellard wrote: "The feeling of being lost among gray slabs, which have not seen the outside world, forced separation from a loved one and feeling of insecurity, arising at the intersection through the corridors - raised in the soul a wave of fear, anxiety, sadness and loneliness. So the architect Peter Eisenman was able to create a structure filled with a variety of short but powerful echoes the feelings that had to endure the Jews during the Second World War. "
The stone people under water
Under the water a little light, and everything looks quite different, both on land. Ecologist and sculptor Jason de Keira Taylor has created a unique space where natural combined with something made by human hands. Project Museum of the Atlantic - the creation of large artificial reef, which is formed by a sculptural structures made of concrete with a neutral pH. The largest sculpture is a circle of 200 people on the ocean floor.
And let no macabre sense in sculptures there, to see such under the water can be very scary.
Memorial homosexuals - Nazi victims
Another monument in Berlin represents concrete parallelepiped nearly four meters in height with a tiny little window on the front side. If you come and look at him, you can see a short film directed by Thomas Vinterberg.
Next to the monument installed a plaque with text in English and German languages, tells the story of the persecution of homosexuals by the Nazis, as well as its continuation after the fall of the Third Reich at paragraph 175 of the Criminal Code of Germany, which was finally abolished only in 1994. More than 50 thousand. Homosexuals were arrested by the Nazis, and the exact number, how many of them were killed, is still unknown. Memorial was the third in Germany monument dedicated to gay victims of the Nazis, after the Frankfurter Engel (1994) and the pink triangle in Cologne (1995).