The most famous crown medieval monarchs
• The most famous crown medieval monarchs
In the Middle Ages, human life was unthinkable without the rites and their inherent symbolism. This was especially true monarchs, whose accession to the throne was accompanied by a long and complicated ceremonies. Perhaps the most striking attribute of this action has always been regalia, in particular - a crown, crowning the monarch's head. Each of them has its own unique and sometimes legendary history. In our review of the 4 most famous crown medieval monarchs.
1. The Imperial Crown of the Holy Roman Empire
It is impossible to list the legendary crown of the world without the one that crowned heads of monarchs one of the first great empires of the early Middle Ages - the Frankish state. In fairness, he Charlemagne, whose name is this crown, it did not wear, because it was created much later his reign - in the 10th century. Fabricated crown for another famous Frankish ruler - Otto I.
The crown of Charlemagne differs from most of his "colleagues" that does not form a circle, and octahedron. It is decorated with jewels and pearls, as well as the plates that make up the crown, represented bibileyskie subjects. After the collapse of the Frankish Empire of Charlemagne's crown has not lost its importance and status of royal regalia - it were the monarchs of the Holy Roman Empire.
2. Crown Constantine Monomakh
The Byzantine Emperor Constantine Monomakh also had his crown. Its design was quite unusual - it consisted of seven bonded with gold plates, each of which was decorated with the image. Among the images were portraits of monarchs - of Constantine Monomakh, his wife, Empress Zoe and sister-Empress Theodora.
An interesting fact: some researchers believe that this is not a crown royal regalia. According to their version, the "Crown" in fact - it is a ceremonial close by, owned by one of the generals in the service of the Byzantine emperor. In support of his theory of the historians give itself a relic, which, in their opinion, is treated too roughly and has errors in inscriptions in Greek, which is unacceptable for the crown of monarchs.
3. Iron crown
Another early medieval Lombard power was a kingdom that existed in the VI-VIII centuries. The monarchs of that State was crowned on the throne of the so-called Iron Crown - gold hoop, inlaid with precious stones, which is attached inside the other - Iron - hoop.
It is with this inner part is related the legend, according to which an iron band in the past was ... one of the nails that crucified on the cross of Jesus Christ. He was presented by Pope Gregory the Great's wife Lombard ruler Agilulf Theodelinda. She ordered the cast of the nail iron hoop, which became part of the Crown. After the disappearance of the historical maps Lombards iron crown crowned head of Charlemagne, Charles V of Habsburg, and even Napoleon I.
4. The Crown of St. Wenceslas
Crown of Czech monarchs bears the name of the Christian Church canonized martyr St. Wenceslas. He was very religious, and the rules of the Czech Republic until his murder by his brother. Crown was made in 1347 to the Holy Roman Emperor and King of Bohemia Charles IV.
The crown is made of gold and encrusted with lots of jewelry: historians have counted twenty pearls, emeralds, thirty, forty-four spinels, sapphires and nineteen and one large ruby. Crown of St. Wenceslas has a pretty grim legend: According to legend, who had put her no right to it, will be cursed to death.