Interesting facts about the Soviet quilted jacket

Today, when it comes to heavy winter battles of the Great Patriotic War, then, perhaps, one will imagine a Soviet soldier in a padded jacket, army cap with a badge in the form of a hammer and sickle and with a gun at the ready. And if the last two things were familiar to the soldiers almost from the outset of the Soviet Union, the quilted padded jacket was in the uniform of the Red Army, having already had at that time a very unusual story of his path on the vast expanses of the Soviet Union. You 8 fun facts about the Soviet quilted jacket.

Interesting facts about the Soviet quilted jacket

1. Byzantine roots

Interesting facts about the Soviet quilted jacket

Today, not only the former Soviet Union, but also worldwide jacket is considered tacit "calling card" has already gone into the history of the Red Army. And so many will be surprised by the fact that the garment is not a native Russian and was invented in the early Middle Ages in Byzantium.

It was there that the first recorded cases of wearing quilted clothing, which became the prototype jackets. In those days it was used not only civilians but also soldiers, and as a lightweight protection, which covered from enemy blows of the ax a little force.

2. Made in China

Interesting facts about the Soviet quilted jacket

But directly in Russian padded jacket came from ... China. During the Russian-Japanese War, part of which were based in Manchuria, we noticed an unusual quilted clothing that was popular among the local population. CSKA decided to buy himself and Chinese quilted jackets, and they were very comfortable. The war ended, but the jackets have entered and anchored in the Russian Empire. They also wore army team in the First World and the Civil War. But then a lot of popularity these clothes have not yet earned.

3. A single standard production

Interesting facts about the Soviet quilted jacket

The first popularity to the padded jacket came already in Soviet Russia, in 1932. It was then that the country's leadership to truly appreciate the versatility of quilted jackets, which is equally convenient to work and just walk down the street. Also in 1932, became massively padded dressing builders, in particular the White Sea Canal.

And the Soviet government decided to "adjust to one pattern" production Vatnikov.

Committee for Standardization of the People's Commissariat of Light Industry of the USSR proposed the following form of quilted clothing "Telogreyka - cotton wool single-breasted jacket, straight cut, fastens on the board up to the top 4 buttons available in the portside four Sew loops (loops). Floors straight without darts, with side pockets, quilted through the upper, cotton lining and equity parallel machine lines. The distance between prostozhkami 6 cm. Backrest straight or integral with equity seam middle waist zatyazhnikami contracted with metal buckle. Prostozhka back with the same hollow. Collar stand-soft, fastened with one button loops sewn to the left end thereof. The height of the collar -. 3 cm single-seam sleeves ending at the bottom of the small slots and cuffs, fastened with one button loops sewn to the end of the upper half of the cuff. "

4. Clothing for the poor and prisoners

Interesting facts about the Soviet quilted jacket

Since the beginning of mass production of standardized Vatnikov Soviet government ordered to popularize the subject of clothes among the population. For example, in quilted jackets became characters often wear a variety of films such as "Chapaev". However, the "advertising" in popular culture has not given the expected results.

Up until the late 1930's padded jacket was popular mostly in low-income citizens, as well as marginal elements - vagrants and petty thieves. And with the arrival of the notorious 1937, when the number of prisoners in the camps has increased many times, it is in places not so distant steel mass delivered padded. Fairly quickly the jacket became associated more often with criminals.

5. The cult of his jacket

Interesting facts about the Soviet quilted jacket

A truly national love of Soviet citizens gave padded jacket, oddly enough, the war. Indeed, in quilted jackets have become massively putting soldiers of all arms. And this is where the Red Army, and after them, and civilians were able to verify the convenience and versatility of his jacket.

After this quilted jacket in the world has become a symbol of the Soviet army, for ordinary people - a real rescue of the famine and cold war years. The same trend continued in the least complicated post-war decade. We can say that it is in a padded jacket Soviet empire has built up himself again, overcoming the terrible devastation.

6. Tankers without pockets

Interesting facts about the Soviet quilted jacket

Despite the convenience and versatility of quilted jackets, yet experienced soldiers tank troops preferred to "modernize" its quilted jackets. And this transformation is carried out not for the sake of beauty, but only for your own safety.

The thing is that the tankers rip off their Vatnikov pockets. This was done in order not to inadvertently touch parts of the tank. Moreover, the lack of pockets allows soldiers to quickly get out of a damaged or a burning car, which when smoke blanketing can be hard to catch hold of some protruding part and lose precious seconds to save himself.

7. Posthumous German trophy

Interesting facts about the Soviet quilted jacket

War - it is always a time of severe, and sometimes in order to survive, have to make a deal with their own morality. And it happened that the latter was not simple, as there was no respect for the death of many soldiers of the Third Reich, who did not hesitate to undress ... the victims of the Red Army.

It turned out that Hitler's army was not quite ready to prickly Russian frosts. And, to better warm up, some Germans simply removed padded with corpses of Soviet soldiers, and they did not stop their commanders direct prohibition on such activities. Therefore we wore these "trophies" mainly under the overcoats. And yet, some of the officers realized the complexity of the situation of the soldiers, so they pretended not to notice the violation of the order.

8. Double protection

Interesting facts about the Soviet quilted jacket

As mentioned above, in ancient times quilted jackets worn as a protective element. Centuries passed, and in the conditions of the bloodiest war in the function jackets suddenly returned. And it happened not just anywhere, but in one of the hottest spots in the fighting - in Stalingrad. And it was like this: the Soviet soldiers wore to protect themselves just two of his jacket, and so went into battle. And this tactic really helped: double layer cotton softens the blow by breaking pieces of the walls, as well as sheltered from shards of glass and ammunition. Moreover, according to Novate.ru, protection in the form of a pair of padded jackets could even stop a bullet when she was released from a distance.

We can not say that with the beginning of the Khrushchev thaw, the popularity of his jacket could come to nothing, because there was a whole competitive environment is comfortable and new styles of clothing. Still, this did not happen, as time went on, and the good old jacket you can find in the cupboard and a simple hard workers, and professors-intellectual, and even the official party, loving, for example, the winter hunt. After all, quilted jacket, held a vast country the war, became a kind of symbol of power and victory. Perhaps, it is imbued with a heroic aura Vatnikov, in their stylized variations came to the opening of the Olympic Games in Sochi Russian athletes.

Interesting facts about the Soviet quilted jacket