Strange creatures of the abyss
• Strange creatures from the depths of
Mankind has examined almost every centimeter of land. But the ocean - is another matter. Perhaps the last place on the planet where there is an even some mystery. Thousands intricate creatures roam the ocean trenches, surrounded by local mountains and live even in undersea volcanoes. In short, the ocean - a unique place.
Portuguese military ship, or "sailing jellyfish", Physalia physalis really no no jellyfish. She called siphonophores. More precisely, not "it" and "they", because it is a colony of four organisms polyps. Central polyp large specializes in catching and digesting food. It is surrounded by the polyps, whose task - to feed and reproduce, and polyps, is protective.
The ocean is home to hundreds of thousands of species of living creatures that have both frighten and fascinate with their beauty. This figure is very far from their true numbers, because humanity is only beginning to discover the secrets of the underwater world. According to some estimates, we know no more than 10 percent of life in the deep sea.
nudibranch - a detachment of gastropods, similar to normal slugs, but only more conspicuous. They are known for their dazzling range of colors and textures.
Language flamingos inhabit coral reefs and calcareous algae Caribbean and eats coral polyps gorgonians. Bright orange and pink color of the shell - a shell. Basic shell surface light cream color
Looks spotted sculpin as if he had just emerged from the icy water, and began to talk with you, but in fact it's quite a shy character. He lives in the dark and very deep waters, feeding on crabs and molluscs.
cranchiidae, or squid-cockatoo - one of the most bizarre deep-sea inhabitants with a transparent spherical body and huge eyes. Many of them are capable of bioluminescence using special luminous bodies.
Spirobranchus giganteus, or worms with Christmas tree, look quite festive. This type of polychaete marine worms has a whole palette of bright colors. Spiraling tentacles to help them produce delicious phytoplankton themselves for lunch.
These giant tube worms are called rift and live in the most barren areas of the ocean, as a rule, in the hot springs of the rift zone, where erupting boiling water and toxic gases.
A giant amphipods looks like a shrimp, but much larger. Like shrimp, it belongs to the crustaceans. Most of them grow in length only a few millimeters, but a few years ago, a group of scientists caught the huge of an instance of their standards. The largest of the amphipod was caught about 30 centimeters in length.
Phantom colony in this photo is made up of dozens of small animals called chordates, tunicates. Move and eat them as one single entity. Colonies can be up to 5 meters in length and move mainly reactive, due to the water passing through their bodies are also able to emit light.
goblin shark can be found very rarely, but few fish recently caught in the fishing nets. They are known for their long coracoid outgrowth, which is used to dig in the sand. Coloring is close to pink, the dorsal fin is slightly bluish and long jaw can be pulled too far. Their acicular teeth they use like claws.
Brazilian luminous size shark resembles a domestic cat, but not so harmless. It is able to take a bite out of the pieces of meat are much bigger fish and cetaceans. Despite several reported cases of attacks, it is generally considered harmless to humans.
basket star - a subspecies zmeehvostok, benthic marine animals closest to the sea stars. Characterized by a huge number of limbs that are used to capture and hold prey.
In the seahorse-rag-picker is one of the most skillful camouflage of all marine life. His small fins is almost completely transparent and swaying very often, creating the illusion of floating seaweed.
The star in the photo looks like it is resting on the surface of the stone, or coral. But this pale education actually xenophyophore, the biggest single-celled organism in the world. Xenophyophore can reach ten centimeters in length and are found at very great depths (recently found on the bottom of the Mariana Trench).
viperfish known for their fearsome teeth-needles - they are so great that not even the fish are placed in the mouth, when they are brought together jaw. Viperfish live in deep waters and lure prey luminous body on the rear fin.
frogfish fish (not to be confused with fish-clown!) - a true master of disguise, as you may have noticed in this photo. They belong to the order of anglerfish or monkfish, and some are even able to change their color.
The Sargasso Sea - a region of anticyclonic water circulation in the Atlantic Ocean. Its boundaries are defined on all sides by the currents, and therefore constantly changing. Sea got its name in honor of floating brown seaweed - Sargassum, which holds the entire life cycle in the water, never find themselves on any surface (small pieces of algae can be seen in the photo).
Plaschenos, or frilled shark, its serpentine body and strange jaws is more reminiscent of a sea monster. His mouth filled with row upon row - only 25 rows - sharp teeth like needles. The name of the fish was due to their fanciful gills.
Mid-Ocean Ridge - a mountain range that is almost entirely under water the longest in the world. It consists of a chain of volcanic ridges of the oceans, formed by the movement of tectonic plates. The total length of more than 65 thousand kilometers. Erupting volcano in the photo is one of the deep-sea ridges Tonga Trench.
Not all sea cucumbers dull and shapeless - they appear completely different colors, shapes and sizes. This beautiful redbanded sea cucumber is just one example, of which there are many, and they all look dazzling.
noctiluca scintillans usually appears in the form of a terrible dull glow in the water. Its cytoplasm is filled with fat inclusions, which, when mechanical or chemical stimuli are capable of bioluminescence. Gathering in large quantities, can cause noctiluca scintillans sea glow at night, it looks pretty nice, but at the same time can be deadly, releasing into the water a huge amount of ammonia.
Angelfish - another type of gastropods, so named because of its fine feathered appearance. Angels float freely in the ocean waters and feed on other mollusks.
Blue Hole - a common name for sinkholes filled with water and are below sea level. Funnel in the photo, found on the coast of Belize and called giant blue hole, a diameter of about 300 meters.