Unroyal odor Louis XIV
The Internet is very popular myths about special untidiness of Louis XIV, the Sun King. Allegedly the French monarch did not wash because stank, but at Versailles was not breathe odors from the toilet because the toilet the palace was not provided - that the nobles had to shit anywhere. About the stench and the king, and Versailles - true, but these are the reasons they have been a little different.
First of all, the king was taking a shower - that is, its counterpart
We must understand that to stand up twice a day under the shower for five minutes, and then quickly dry the hair dryer in the time of Louis XIV, it was impossible. Nevertheless, the stink then was the lot of the peasants and artisans - not least because the smell of sweat evoke thoughts and physical labor, that gentleman was not comme il faut. Therefore, the nobility, including King resorts to hygiene practices, sharpen in conditions without running water or electricity.
First of all, great attention was paid to the underwear. It was of fine linen, absorbs perspiration - and frequently changed. Wear a shirt for two consecutive days was simply unthinkable - summer days can change the shirt, two, three, four times a day. Sweat did not stay long on the human body, and next to it, and this prevented the increase in odor associated with the reproduction of bacteria.
But other than that, this morning, in the evening and during the change of shirts king and nobles necessarily wiping wet the sheet, paying particular attention to those places that sweat the most. Similarly, the same method used in the Soviet Union in communal apartments, where a shower was the turn or did not do - and promoted by radio rubbing with a damp towel every morning as a routine.
In the evening, the king also necessarily washed the feet - and into the water it was added different tools designed to reduce sweating, stop or remove the irritation of being in closed shoes all day. For better smell murder (or, more precisely, the bacteria causing it) King wipes the sheet, not just dampened in water and mixed with the wine alcohol - and generally prefers to use for the Hygiene large number of diluted alcohol. If you recall the epidemiological situation, the desire to disinfect everything possible (including water for washing) will not be surprised.
Water treatments have been too
Every summer and the king and the whole court went to bathe in the river - many times over the summer. Louis floated perfectly from an early age (which, in fact, without the constant splashing in the river would be difficult), and every now and then just for fun to come to the shore opposite shore. That is, in his youth he was not in a very bad shape.
In addition, all the royal palaces were baths. On the Internet it is believed that it is only to indulge in their debauchery with the ladies - but looking at the list of illegitimate children of the king, you know that even if this is true, then wash it because of its depravity, it seems, often. And yet - probably also because of the depravity - the king was very interested in the domestic soap making and introduced specific rules for him.
Every morning Louis also in the presence of large numbers of people washed and shaved. It all started with hand washing wine with alcohol, then, in addition to shaving, Louis Always flush the mouth with alcohol (if you think he is after morning procedures was slightly drunk, then do not you think) and wiping his face all the same alcohol diluted with water.
According to legend, the king did not think about the need for toilets in the palace, and because everyone (except the king, followed by wearing a special chair) had to relieve themselves behind doors and curtains - or even in the garden in the bushes. It should be understood, however, that in the time of Louis XIV separate standing in the yard, washroom was necessary only in the homes of commoners, and fligelok over the castle moat for the nobility was just a sign of old times. In vogue night vases, as embedded in the chair for the convenience, and just standing under the beds, in the bathroom (and the palaces were baths) or brought by servants. In addition, the purpose for the ladies with their fluffy skirts were invented by vessels, Bourdaloue like a gravy boat - which could be under the skirt just run.
Therefore, the design of Versailles assumed that the servants and courtiers will use pots and Bourdaloue, for which no special separate facilities do not need to. Moreover, if the day in the palace was particularly quickened, the servants wore pots along the corridors in case to some nobleman wants to come with him behind the curtain (Palace was full of secluded niches hung with curtains, including for this reason - and a little for that was where the kiss).
But the most-most lively days of the pots was not enough, the courtiers were constantly a little, and even a lot, drunk, and some are just too lazy to wait - and as a result really behind the curtain many men defecate without any pots (women always went with the maidens with Bourdaloue). The same thing happened in the palace garden. With a total number of people who are constantly milled at Versailles, it is not surprising that both the palace and the garden began whiff. The more that the servant, without ceremony, there was poured the contents of the pot.
What stank Louis?
In his youth, strictly speaking, nothing special Louis groin. Scents he became filled with time, when they began to crumble teeth. No, the smell of the teeth itself stunning it was not - when it detects a significant caries doctors immediately removed his aching tooth, believing that otherwise the infection will spread from it throughout the body. But the teeth are removed so badly that at some point Louis ripped part of the upper jaw, and has a hole between the nose and mouth. To tissue in this hole does not rot, cauterized with a hot iron it several times (without anesthesia - judge for yourself the power of the will and the general health of the fortress of Louis). But this hole leakproof mouth - the king was hard to chew and swallow, the food is constantly clogged in the nasal passages and, shall we say, zalozhivalas. Of course, the same way a regular basis - but not after every meal - the food there was washed out (which was very unpleasant procedure, too).
Due to the inability to properly chew and propensity to overeating in general Louis ingested during dinner a large number of different food right pieces. His stomach quickly ceased to deal, and to smells from the nasopharynx added stomach. Then he began to fail, and intestines, and the stench became frightening. At some point, even the king stopped to leave the bedroom worrying because of the stench.
Finally, the king died from gangrene of the feet - and gangrene, he still continued to perform his diplomatic duties, taking ambassadors and dignitaries, including standing. The smell was probably at the same time appropriate. But it should not give untidiness Louis.