The history of visiting Russian circus dynasty Durov
• The story of the Durov circus dynasty in Russia
Already there is this circus dynasty for over 150 years. Grandpa Durov - its legendary founder, remained in people's memories as the man first refused the whip and stick with the training of animals and for the first time transformed the circus of entertainment for adults in children's party. In addition to the ability to educate our younger brothers, Durov were able to communicate with the conceited officials about them legends. This dynasty gave our country eleven beautiful circus performers, each of which was the real star.
On Durovs roots and walks a lot of rumors. One of the most common, that does not deny the modern successors of the dynasty, it lies in the fact that the girl cavalry Nadezhda Durova, the hero of the War of 1812, which removed the film "Hussar Ballad", too, has to do with the family. The first mention of Durov in Russian genealogical books belongs to the XVI century. Among them were postelnichim, a Royal colonels, magistrates, eight stvolnikov Peter the Great. However, the story of the founder of the dynasty of Vladimir Leonidovich always start with his escape from the house with his brother Anatoly. Cadet boys studying in the body mischief - one of them came to the lesson of God's law upside down, and, fearing punishment, fled to the street. Hungry wandering brought the brothers in the circus circus. So the case determined the fate not only of Vladimir and Anatoly, but also their numerous descendants for generations to come.
Durov brothers went to the circus Rinaldo entire "career path": started billsticker were Assist, assistants. Then and went to the arena, they acted as acrobats, sword-swallower, magicians, clowns. Anatoly continued to work in this genre, "highlight" in his speeches was a sharp satire. In life, he, incidentally, also never hid his relationship to the authorities. Preserved historical anecdote about how the buffet Anatoly Odessa circus, met with the Governor-General. All rose at the sight of his superiors, except Durov:
- Why are you sitting?
- And who are you?
- I am a Governor-General Green.
- When ripe, and then get up.
Of course, the furious, and premiered in circus prohibited. In addition, Durov drove out of town. Circus left Odessa, but goodbye gave the same speech - arrived at the station at the top of the pig, painted with green paint.
In contrast to his brother, Vladimir such bright escapades were not satisfied. He devoted all his time to training. Artist of several trips abroad to buy rare animals there, got acquainted with the performances of the world's most famous celebrities. Later he turned to science, experimented in the field of animal psychology. Vladimir Leonidovich Durov dream was to build his own house for animals to settle them there in the most suitable for each environment, to observe, to treat, to teach and to show their art. In 1912, finally this dream was launched. In Moscow, on the street Bozhedomka old, he bought a spacious house with stables and gardens and opened "Durov Corner". This institution has never been anywhere in the world. Besides theater beasts "Little", where the audience could see the performances of trained animals are housed and an extensive museum of natural history, and real scientific laboratory. Visitors are shown taming techniques and lectures on the psychology of animals. By the way, this building "Little Theater" is still used as a small stage Durov Theater.
The old building "Little Theater" on Bozhedomka
After the death of the founder of the theater animals dynasty remained in the hands of his family. First, management has assumed Ignatyevna wife, Anna, and then - the daughter of Anna Vladimirovna Durova-Sadovskaya. Then, the "Land of Wonders grandfather Durova" led the granddaughter of Vladimir Leonidovich - Natalia Y. Durov, its share has fallen restructuring and "dashing 90's." In 2007, the theater management itself took the great-grandson of Vladimir Leonidovich, People's Artist of Russia Yuri Durov. Today "Wonderland Grandfather Durov" is recognized as a national value. This is not only a theater trained animals, but also an educational center.
Yuri Durov tells of his childhood circus:
"I have a very early age was aware of the responsibility before the name and wanted to go to the arena. Although the first time I was there by chance. We played with the Christmas story, the plot of which evil forces turned a great artist in a small Durov. It is clear that this little Durov had to play me. I was at the arena a few minutes, standing, crying, then there is a good wizard and turned me back to the Durov-large. Soon Dad invited me to assist him in the arena and on. I handed him the balls in a room with a sea lion, and even conducted the elephant Jazz Orchestra. "
Perhaps Durov known the secret of how to bring up their children to the nature on them "not rested." Today, a new generation Durov - the daughter of Yuri Yurevich Natalia, as well as three generations of her ancestors, the trainer works in the family theater. It is not immediately accepted his vocation, at first wanted to get another profession, but later genes still have taken their toll, and she returned to the arena. In this work it is, of course, guided by the motto of his famous great-great-grandfather: "Cruelty degrades only kindness can be beautiful."