Secrets hidden under a layer of paint of famous paintings
Modern means really work wonders. For example, today we can look under the layers of paint of famous paintings to see the hidden image there. Thanks to X-ray examination failed to unravel the many mysteries of the famous paintings. Some were written in the old paintings of the economy, and some were copied many times in the process of creative searches. Individual paintings were changed later, and only thanks to scientists today manages to return the painting to its original appearance.
"The Lady with the Unicorn" by Raphael Sanzio
This picture is interesting because for many years it has existed entirely under a different name, and carried a clearly different meaning. Until 1930 it was called "Saint Catherine" and instead unicorn lady holding a symbol of martyrdom - wheel and a palm branch in the world. On her shoulders was thrown over a modest cape. During the restoration, carried out by scientists at the beginning of the XX century, it has been proven that all these elements have been written much later by another artist. Most likely, the transformation of the mythical maiden in the sacred occurred at the end of the XVII century, but who did it and why - is unknown. Later layer was removed, and returning the old lady Unicorn outfit.
However, this surprises the picture is not finished. In 1959 it was used for the first time in the history of X-rays and immediately discovered a new sensation. It turned out that Rafael generally painted a woman without attributes and animals, it is, by the way, was much older, and pet her on the hand planted later is likely that additional drawings made by one of the students of the master. He added the picture column parapet and arms themselves. In this embodiment, the lady was holding the dog - a symbol of marital fidelity. In a few decades, the little dog somehow turned into a unicorn. Return the dog did not become scientists, since this picturesque layer is very poorly preserved.
"Angelus" by Jean-Francois Millet
A masterpiece by French artist impresses by simplicity and piety. It depicts a farmer and his wife, who, with their heads bowed, listening to the church bell at sunset. At the end of the XIX century the painting was so popular that it was a reproduction hanging in almost every home. I saw her and a young Salvador Dali - paintings adorn one of the grade school where he studied. Fabric for many years did not give rest to the artist. He tried to solve the mystery of her charms and tried to make a copy in his own style. However, Dali always thought that soars incredible sadness in it. Being already a famous artist, he turned to the Louvre administration to make and send him a cloth radiographs. When the study conducted, it was found that Dali was right. Initially, the film was present body of a dead baby, and thus the prayer for the harvest was originally conceived as a funeral. Probably, the artist changed the original plan of the gloomy picture, fearing stigma and difficulties with sales. Daly spoke on this subject: "I have always sensed death in this film."
"View of Scheveningen sands" Hendrick van Anthonissen
In the landscape of the Dutch artist men walking along the sea. After restoration, carried out by specialists in the sea we found a little strange object resembling a triangular sail. X-rays showed that the painting originally depicted a whale washed up on shore. So the meaning of all walks gathered in bad weather on the sandy beach, it becomes more clear. Is painted whale was probably in the XVIII and XIX century, so as not to cause a disturbance of the public because of a dead animal.
"Mona Lisa" by Leonardo da Vinci
Several years ago, a French scientist Pascal Kotte said that he managed to find another portrait by the most famous painting by Leonardo da Vinci. This material is stirred controversy among researchers, but it published many channels, including the BBC. Kotte researched portrait about a decade, using technology developed by him gain image layers (Layer Amplification Method). Ladies face hidden under the top layer of paint, more elongated, and it does not have the famous and enigmatic smile. It is possible that the resulting image - it is simply the result of a copyright work on the painting stages.
"Girl Reading a Letter at an Open Window" by Jan Vermeer
In 2017, during a major restoration of paintings by the Dutch artist by a coat of paint on a blank wall, the girl was unexpectedly discovered Cupid. It turns out, according to the author's intention, the web should be much more emotionally saturated - the picture with the god of love in the background obviously add a Symbolism. Probably Amurchik naked on the wall was painted over much later, for ethical reasons, so now there is a long process of restoration of the original version. Until it cleared about half of the latent image.