Truth and myths about India
Someone imagine India as a bright film with songs and dances. Some uncomfortable with the caste division and lifestyles of individual layers of the population. Someone just like music and beautiful outfits. But there are surprising facts that will interest everyone.
1. Varanasi - then Buddha preached
According to legend, Varanasi, the holy city in Hinduism, was founded more than five thousand years ago by the god Shiva after his victory over the other supreme ruler, Brahma. Archaeological evidence has confirmed that the population of the center (located on the banks of the sacred river Ganges) is constantly growing. This process started since 1800 BC. It is believed that this is the place where Buddha preached his first sermon, thus establishing Buddhism.
2. Indian Kumbh Mela - pilgrimage festival in the world's largest
Kumbh Mela is considered to be the world's largest religious festival for the collection of Hindu pilgrims. In 2013 it was visited by a huge number of people - at least 120 million people who for two months bathed in the holy river Ganges to cleanse from all sin. The festival takes place every 3 years on a rotating basis in Allahabad, Haridwar, Ujjain and Nashik. Some of the pilgrims do not wear any clothes, even in the coldest time of the year. The right to be naked in the procession as an opportunity of spiritual knowledge of the world.
3. In India, vegetarians more than the entire planet
Indian cuisine - a longtime favorite of vegetarians. The country will give you a fragrant dish of dal (lentils), colorful Sabzi (rice and vegetables) and creamy paneer (cheese). In India, 500 million vegetarians, more than in the whole world. This principle is deeply rooted in Indian culture through ahimsa, that is, behavior and course of action, in which the main requirement is the refusal to harm living beings.
4. In India, there are all the major religions of the world
While most Indians - Hindus (80%), the country is also the birthplace of Buddhism, in addition it is home to the largest number of believers following Zoroastrianism. All major world religions are rooted there and make the country a stunning mix of beliefs and traditions. The main Christian communities are around Kerala and Goa, where you can see the chapel of St. Catherine, built in the 16th century. Kerala tells a long history of Cochin Jews, and the fire temple, and Towers of Silence in Mumbai reminded of one of the oldest religions in the world - Zoroastrianism.
In Rajasthan, Delhi and Gujarat can admire the Jain temples, decorated with fine marble statues. Uttar Pradesh and Bihar in northern India - the place where was born and studied the Buddha, and today they are still the most popular destination of Buddhist pilgrims. In Punjab there are Harmandir Sahib or Golden Temple, one of the most expensive Sikh shrines.
The striking beauty Delhi Lotus Temple in the shape of a flower. During its existence it was visited by over 100 million people. Across the country there are more than 300,000 mosques, some of them built in the 7th century AD. India has the third largest number of Muslims in the population.
5. India is multilingual so that no one will be against your funny foreign accent
In India, 23 official languages, other than English, which is spoken by about 125 million people. You will be able to find his way of using it, but it is still better to learn a few phrases like "Namaste" ( "hello"), "Acha" ( "Good"), "Kitna rupia?" ( "How many?"), "Krupiyah "(" Please ") and" Shukriyah "(" Thank you "). It is located to the Indians, and you make them even more welcoming. And do not worry, if you have an accent. Living in the country every day surrounded by different languages, from Hindi, Tamil and Bengali to Sanskrit and Urdu. It is very likely that the person with whom you are chatting, communicating in different languages at home, on the street and in the workplace.
People in India are usually friendly, shout and swear they are rare. According Novate.ru, locals deafening scream when they get in an accident. And not because they are angry, but to such a strange way to prove his innocence.
6. The largest sundial in the world at Jantar Mantar
Jaipur Jantar Mantar - the observatory, built in the second half of the 18th century, the place is not like the others. There's a chance to see the heavenly bodies with the naked eye. Astronomical instruments differ colossal dimensions. For example, a sundial Samrat Yantra have a height of 27 meters, and even today they can be used to determine the time.
Interesting fact: The train of the astronomical unit is locked gates. It always has been. When the rules of Maharaja Sawai Singh, only he could unlock the castle and climb the gigantic staircase, to conduct the necessary measurements.
7. The live trees are used in Meghalaya for the construction of bridges
Meghalaya or "the abode of clouds" - the wettest region of India, up to 70% of the territory is covered with subtropical forests. Some of the villages are almost 15 meters of rain a year. But what is most incredible - the locals are building bridges from the roots of the rubber fig tree. Given the very humid climate, wooden structure quickly decays, and it must constantly change. Therefore, more than 500 years ago, people have perfected the way of cooperation with nature. The reliability of such structures over the years, only increased since the roots and vines intertwined. Individual buildings can accommodate and bear the weight of more than 50 people.
8. In India, there is a strange post offices
In India, the world's largest e-mail system, and the separation is even in very unusual places. For example, in Hickey you can visit the world's highest-mail and the voting booth. They are located at an altitude of over 4,700 meters. And on the Dal lake in Kashmir attracts a floating object, and not simple, but with an interesting philatelic museum. Earlier, in the 70 years of the last century, some cities have worked Rajasthani mobile mail - they were transported camels.