The most expensive material in the world
Most of us believe that the platinum, gold and other materials, which are used in the manufacture of jewelery the most expensive on the planet. But there is such a substance, the price of which goes beyond the limits of human understanding, due to the fact that they are rare or very useful. Below is a list of the ten most expensive substances in the world.
10. rhino horn
The price of one horn is approximately $ 110. The thing is that since ancient times, people believed in the miraculous properties of the powder, made of rhinoceros horn. Allegedly, by adding the powder in food and drink can be cured by a variety of diseases. Unfortunately, without the horns animal does not survive, but hunting them is not terminated.
Cocaine - crystalline tropane alkaloid obtained from the leaves of the coca plant. Earlier it was used for medical purposes. Now, it creates a huge problem for the society, as it is not used for other purposes, often as a narcotic drug. For example, in the UK it is sold at retail for 39,000 US dollars.
Plutonium - a silvery-white substance used as a nuclear fuel for nuclear weapons, as well as a source of energy for spacecraft. In 2010, the plutonium was estimated at $ 4000 per gram.
Payne - rare mineral consisting of calcium, zirconium, boron, aluminum and oxygen. It was first discovered in Mogok, in 1956, a British mineralogist and jeweler Arthur Payne. Listed in the Guinness Book of Records as the rare mineral in the world. The cost of one gram of peynita - 9000 US dollars.
taaffeite - a very rare mineral, used exclusively as a gemstone. Was named after its discoverer, Richard Count Taaffe. He found him in 1945. Cost Taafeita ranges from 2, 5 to 20 thousand dollars per gram.
Tritium - this is a very heavy hydrogen, which opened in 1934. In nature, almost does not occur. It is used as a tracer, radioluminescent light source for watches and instruments, as well as for the manufacture of nuclear weapons. Since 1955 po1996 year around 225 kg was produced in the United States. The cost of one gram of tritium is 30 000 dollars.
Brilliant cut out of diamond. Glitter stone manifested in the course of its processing and cutting. Proportionally precise geometrical faces stone set value. The better the cut, the greater the cost. Price per gram of the best quality is 400 000 dollars.
3. Californias 252
California 252 - a chemical radioactive element, synthesized artificially. Produce it only in Russia (Atomic Reactors in Dimitrovgrad) and the USA (Oak Ridge National Laboratory). It is used in radiotherapy. value of the element per gram of 27 million dollars.
Americium - is an artificially designed transplutonium metal used in measurement and research devices. Metal silvery-white, malleable and ductile. Glows in the dark. Highly toxic. The cost of one gram of americium - 56 million dollars.
Antimatter - any substance composed of antiparticles, which can be created artificially in accelerators, only the CERN (Geneva, Switzerland), Fermilab (USA), at the Center for Nuclear Research (Dubna, Russia). The cost of one gram of the substance evaluation in 1992 is 62, 5 trillion.