As in ancient times used the umbrella
Lovers to delve into the etymology is interesting to know that the word "umbrella" appeared thanks to the "back formation" in the Russian language. First, we in the XVII century from the Dutch grabbed the word "zondek" (zondek - awning, sun canopy), followed by Russian rules was removed from his diminutive suffix "uk", having received initial shape, which never existed. As unpredictable and varied purpose of this subject for centuries. Protection from the sun, a symbol of power, the heraldic emblem, means the snow and finally rain - all the functions of a conventional umbrella can be traced by considering the old paintings, murals and engravings.
From ancient times,
The history of this interesting little things goes back some three thousand years. Scientists are still not sure which of the ancient civilizations must be attributed to the invention, but, most likely, the first such structure to protect from the sun, created in Egypt, and from there spread throughout the world umbrella. It is clear that in hot climates such protection from the sun needed to lengthy ceremonies, so it is possible that it was invented in several places. However, in those early days of the umbrella was a symbol of royal power, and using it could only pharaohs, emperors, and people close to them person. This bulky structure then had a height of about 1, 5 meters and weighed, respectively, too much. The design of feathers, like a fan, which can be seen on ancient paintings, according to scientists is an old umbrella, because it protected from the scorching rays of the pharaoh.
Umbrellas as insignia - a sign of power or authority gained popularity in Assyria, Babylon, China and India. Moreover, in many countries of the royal "accessory" persisted until recent times, and in some places it can be seen to this day.
For example, in Thailand, nine-royal parasol (official name - "nine-large white umbrella state") is considered the most sacred and ancient of the royal regalia. Sitting underneath the king can only after the coronation ceremonies (umbrellas for the prince and the king unsanctified have fewer tiers).
The world the beauty of
A little later, umbrellas have become popular in ancient Greece, then - in Rome, but here they lost their magnificent sense, they began to use women to appreciate the convenience of such a device.
Particular attention should be paid umbrellas in the Japanese tradition. Once in Japan via Korea in the Asuka period (538-710gg.), This accessory has become not only a symbol of luxury, but also a piece of art. True, his materials - light wood and oiled paper, unfortunately, were not allowed to serve for a long time and preserve for posterity the beauty of the ancient samples. However, the Japanese classical painting allows us to enjoy the harmony of umbrellas in the Japanese version. Judging by these pictures, Japanese umbrellas have served to protect not only from the sun.
The symbol of supreme power
However, European rulers in the Middle Ages did not forget this brave and majestic character and in no hurry to pass it in the woman's hands. Umbrella served as the insignia of the emperors of the Holy Roman Empire, the Venetian dozhami and perhaps the King of Sicily. Since the XIII century the umbrella appears among the attributes of papal power and it becomes one of the most important symbols of the Vatican.
Save interesting evidence - a description of the entry of Pope John XXIII in the city of Constance in 1414, Ulrich made from Rihentalya. A sensation in the local public has caused an unusual object, which solemnly carried behind the Pope. Since ordinary people did not know what it is called the construction of a huge hat:
"Following the Pope rode a knight in armor on a large horse, and was holding a long pole on the pole was a tall pointed hat on top, narrow at the top and bottom so wide, that cling to both sides of the alley. It was divided into yellow and red stripes, from top to bottom. On the hat was a golden pommel, while the pommel was a golden angel with a gold cross in his hand. "
It is evident that this detail ceremony so struck by the author, that in the future, miniature illustration was even made for this moment:
It should be noted that, as the popes have always been people elderly, the things that are essential for the convenience of ceremonies and movement (eg, the papal litter) were really important, and gradually become the official symbols of the pontiff. Umbrella with a yellow-red stripes - "Umbrellino" (umbraculum, ombrellone) later even appeared on the personal coat of arms of the Popes and the symbolism of the Vatican. Today Umbraculum is part of the coat of arms of Camerlengo of the Holy Roman Church ( "units" that manages the property and income of the Holy See), as well as the period of Sede vacante ( "interregnum", until the new pope is elected), since at this time Camerlengo provides temporary dominion.
In addition, the Pope bestows umbraculum or "St. Canopy "churches when increases in their" grade "to Minor Basilica (Basilica minor). After this umbrella of red and yellow silk put next to the altar, and on holidays take out in procession.
So, opening of an umbrella in the rain, you have every right to feel like a real Pharaoh, the supreme Pontiff, well, or, at worst, a ruler of Babylon, because this thing is really a rich and glorious past.