History seeds in Russia
• History of seeds to Russia
It is difficult to imagine, but in Russia were times when people did not know anything about the seeds. But once they simply did not. At all. And now the Russian Federation is the world leader in the production of sunflower. Let's see how the seeds appeared on the Russian open spaces, how to develop an uneasy relationship with the popular people today treat.
The first coming of sunflower seeds on the ground Russian
sunflower seeds, among other curiosities came to us at the behest of Peter I, who was known to hunt for different innovations. Seeds were brought to us from Holland in 1698. First, the culture was considered ornamental and is grown in flower beds next to the potatoes and tomatoes. Large baskets of inflorescences decorated gardens and front gardens as noble manors and country farmsteads.
It is not known who first came up snapping seeds. But history has preserved the date of the first scrap obtained sunflower oil. Bokarev peasant who lived in the village Alekseevka Voronezh province, be smart and built a press. It is pressed in a homemade device first sunflower oil. The product is appreciated not only in taste. Its production was much more profitable than hemp or flax oil.
After four years in the same village built the first creamery, which grew into the plant. By the way, the first oil mill still works and produces popular brands of sunflower oil "Sloboda". Sunflower quickly "retrained" of ornamental plants in agriculture, flooded the arable land of the Voronezh and Saratov provinces. During the reign of Nicholas I sunflower proportion in the rotation was 40%.
Flipping seeds in tsarist times
In tsarist Russia the citizens for a long time did not have the habit of clicking seeds. But the villagers are happy to indulge in unsightly occupation and love to nibble sunflower seeds all year round. With the opening of railway traffic and the growth of labor migration, they brought the habit of clicking seeds in the city.
Soon, townsfolk started to nibble "Semyon". But they did it in secret, hidden from prying eyes within the family walls. Before the October Revolution this occupation was considered indecent. Flipping seeds in public places was considered top of barbarism.
The Revolution of 1917 swept strongly moral and ethical foundations of the tsarist regime. Seeds started clicking on the streets, which is very annoying intellectuals and aristocrats. The marginalization of the population of that era was reflected in literary works of Bulgakov, Bunin and other writers. Unceremonious flipping sunflower seeds, husks on the marble floor and carpets naturally fit into the revolutionary chaos.
Seeds and Soviet power
Gradually, from the chaos of infancy moral character of the Soviet man. Seeds began again to consider a bad habit. The workers left the barricades and went back to the factories, the peasants - into collective farms. Streets purified from the husk and idlers "elements". The popular slogan can be given as illustrations of society transformations: "Pioneer does not click seeds!".
In the postwar period, migrant workers to rebuild their shattered country. Habit flip seeds returned to the city, along with the residents of the villages and towns. True, the Soviet intelligentsia believed razgryzaniya seeds in bad taste. Everywhere there was a struggle with husks, seeds strictly forbidden to click in public places, schools, trains, and so on. N.
Seeds of the former Soviet Union
In the period of perestroika seeds are not only affordable delicacy, but also a means of survival. On the busiest place appeared neat grannies with roasted seeds. Measuring out serving glass, they piled them in kulechki of old exercise books or newspapers. It is noteworthy that the buyer was allowed "to take a sample."
At that time there was a habit to treat seeds to locate the person to communicate. Society still blames manner clicking seeds in the street, spitting out the shells on the pavement. For the same reason they can not bring to school, theater and other public places.
"Semka" remained a social marker and a favorite treat of many Russians. Today in the shops they set aside special sections where you can select a small package for yourself or great for the whole company. And from seeds produced not only sunflower oil, a fragrant and halva. Yet they are added to biscuits, salads. As they say, treat - for all tastes.