The largest aircraft
Surprisingly, these huge monsters flying in the sky. They weigh hundreds of tons, worth hundreds of millions of dollars, and their length is almost equal to the length of a football stadium.
AN-225 "Dream" (translated from the Ukrainian - "Dream") is the heavy hoisting plane ever levitate. Maximum take-off weight of the aircraft is 640 tons. The reason for the construction of An-225 was the need to establish the air transport system for the project of the Soviet space shuttle "Buran". Plane exists in a single copy. (Photo Glory Stepanova)
The scope of the An-225 is striking: Aircraft length - 84 meters, height - 18 meters (as a 6-storey 4 entrances house). (Photo Glory Stepanova)
The plane was designed and built in the USSR in 1988 at Kyiv mechanical factory. "Dream" set a world record take-off weight and payload. March 22, 1989 An-225 made a flight with a load of 156.3 tons, thus breaking at the same time 110 world aviation records, which is a record in itself.
"Dream" and small cars. (Photo Glory Stepanova)
In comparison with the Airbus A380 - the largest passenger aircraft in the world - "Dream" is longer than 11 meters, and along the wing span exceeds it by almost 9 meters.
Visual comparison "Mriya" and passenger Boeing-747. (Photo Glory Stepanova)
Dornier Do X
Dornier Do X - German passenger flying boat Dornier company. Intended for use on long-distance passenger routes. The first flight took place in 1929. On October 20, during the 40-minute demonstration flight the aircraft took off from Lake Constance, with 169 passengers on board. This record remained unbeaten in the first half of the XX century.
Length - 40.05 meters, wingspan - 48.0 m, the number of passengers - 160.
In the cockpit Dornier Do X was not the throttle. Instead, as in large ships of the time, the pilot transmitted (by phone) command to increase or decrease the power of flight engineer, is located in a separate cabin.
Flight engineer operates twelve aircraft engines:
This is the biggest airplane with one propeller, the largest in the history of the propeller. Four 260-connected motor strong Mercedes D.IVa divzhenie resulted in an extensive set screw in the nose.
Looking only at the pictures, it is impossible to understand the huge size R.II 55/17 (For some reason, there is no sense of giving scale photographs with people standing near an airplane.
R.II could carry a maximum payload of 7000 kg with a total gross weight of 15000 kg ... the upper wing span - 42.16 m, length -. 20.32 m Its first flight he made in January 1919.
ANT-20 "Maxim Gorky"
Soviet propaganda, the multi-seat passenger, 8-engined aircraft, the biggest plane of its time to land the chassis. Built at an aviation plant in Voronezh. The first flight he made June 17, 1934. Length - 33 meters.
In 1934, in an airplane we set two world records by lifting cargo weighing 10,000 kg and 15,000 kg to a height of 5000 m. In 1935, during a demonstration flight of the aircraft collapsed on holiday village Falcon. 49 people were killed
After the collapse of the ANT-20, it was decided to build an improved his backup ANT-20 bis, but neither he nor the ANT-20 had not been put into the series.
Hughes H-4 Hercules
This transport wooden flying boat, received unofficial nickname Spruce Goose ( "Shyogol, Dude", literally "Spruce Goose").
weight - 130 tons, and the scope of his wing, and still remains a record - 98 meters (at the "Mriya" - 88.4 m). It was designed to transport 750 soldiers in full gear.
He is currently an exhibit of Evergreen International Aviation Museum in McMinnville (Oregon), which was transported in 1993. The plane is visited by about 300,000 tourists annually.
Bristol Type 167 Brabazon
Bristol Brabazon) - British pilot passenger aircraft, built in 1949. The largest plane ever built in the UK.
Length - 54m, to develop wings - 70m.
By 1952, it became clear that the upper transport market segment never pay for the plane, which was built only for the first-class carriage. Even in the "general" class every passenger "Brabazon" had 6 cu. m internal volume, the first grade - 8 cubic meters. m; aircraft literally "I carried on itself" the cubic meters of the fuselage. In March 1952 the government refused to support the completion of the second, turboprop, the sample, and in 1953 both cars went for scrap.
the Boeing 747
The world's first double-deck long-range wide-body airliner. The first flight was carried out February 9, 1969. At the time of its inception, the Boeing 747 was the largest, heaviest and capacious passenger airliner, remaining so for 36 years, before the advent of the A380, whose first flight took place in 2005.
Boeing 747-400 consists of 6 million parts (half of which - fastener) produced in 33 different countries. During "Operation Solomon" (Israeli military operation on the removal of Ethiopian Jews to Israel) was set a world record for transported number of passengers per flight by one aircraft - May 24, 1991 "Boeing-747" El Al airline perevoz to Israel in 1122 passenger. Moreover, in flight two babies were born.
The new Boeing 747-8 is the new generation of the famous series of the Boeing 747 with lengthened fuselage, redesigned wings and improved economic efficiency. The 747-8 is the largest commercial aircraft built in the United States, as well as the longest passenger aircraft in the world.
Length - 76.3 m, wingspan - 68.5 m.
This long-range heavy transport aircraft design bureau to them. Antonov. It created primarily for air transportation of mobile launchers of intercontinental ballistic missiles. The first flight of the prototype aircraft made December 24, 1982 in Kiev. Adopted military transport aircraft USSR aircraft entered the yanvare1987 year, only 56 cars were built.
Capacity - 120 tons, length - 69.1 meters, wingspan -. 73.3 m in October 1997 set a record on the weight of transported cargo business. From Paris to Doha was taken CHEMREACTOR weighing 125 tons, and the total weight of the cargo with special equipment amounted to 140 tons.
Repair and modernization of the An-124 aircraft "Ruslan" is now carried out on the aircraft plant in Ulyanovsk.
It was built in 1966. It was the largest aircraft in the world to the An-225, received from foreign intelligence services known as "Caspian monster". Length - 92 m, wingspan - 37.6 m, maximum takeoff weight - 544,000 kg.
The largest serial passenger airliner in the world, exceeding the capacity of the Boeing 747, which can only carry up to 525 passengers (the Boeing 747 was the largest passenger liner for 36 years). Its length - 73 meters, wingspan - 79.75 meters, maximum takeoff weight - 560 tons (weight of the aircraft - 280 tons).
Start of production - 2004. The first aircraft sold was delivered to the customer 15 October 2007.
Beriev Be-2500 "Neptune" - an ambitious project superheavy transport amphibious aircraft designed at the Taganrog Beriev Aircraft Company. Beriev. It is the largest in the history of ever conceived aircraft. Length - 115.5 m, wingspan - 125.5 m takeoff weight - 2.5 million kg, the maximum payload - up to 1 million kg.
The project has remained a project, and adopted at the end of 2012 the state program "Development of the aviation industry in 2013-2025 years" reference to the plane missing.
LZ 129 "Hindenburg" - rigid airship, built in 1936 in Germany. It was the largest in the world designed from before the time of airships.
"Hindenburg" first flew in Fridriskhafene March 4, 1936. May 6, 1937, completing the next transatlantic flight, filled with hydrogen fire hazard "Hindenburg" caught fire and crashed, resulting in the deaths of 35 of the 97 on board were a person, as well as one member of the ground crew. The collapse of the "Hindenburg" was actually the end of the commercial use of airships for transport purposes.