Little-known UNESCO monuments in Russia
• Little-known UNESCO monuments in Russia
List of natural and cultural attractions, created by UNESCO - a kind of quality mark, saying the traveler, it's worth it to see. We decided to tell you about the Russian objects that have been inscribed on the World Heritage register. And suddenly you about some of them do not know?
Unusual Russian ear the name of the Sikhote-Alin mountains are in the Primorsky Territory. It is home to rare animals such as the Asiatic black bear and Siberian tiger. Protected area recognized as heritage of humanity in 2001.
Architectural and historical complex Bulgar
On the territory of Tatarstan preserved ruins of the city, founded by the Volga Bulgars (Turkic tribes). In 1361, the city was destroyed by the Golden Prince Bulat-Timur - fortunately, not completely. It has survived fort, which was recognized as a unique monument in 2014.
Wrangel Island - the northernmost of the UNESCO World list. It includes not only the eponymous island, but also the neighboring island of Herald, as well as the adjacent waters of the Chukchi and East Siberian seas. The islands are known for huge rookeries of walrus and the highest density in the world polar bear dens. Reserve declared in 2004, the heritage of humanity.
The historical center of Yaroslavl
One of the dominant features of Yaroslavl - Spassky Monastery Complex, which is often referred to as the Kremlin. Together with other historical buildings of the city was in 2005 declared a World Heritage Site.
The Church of the Ascension in Kolomenskoye
Built in the royal estate in 1532, when there was no Kolomenskoye in Moscow. Heritage of humanity recognized by the church in 1994.
Surprisingly, the deepest lake in the world was recognized as heritage of humanity is not among the first natural attractions. UNESCO noted the uniqueness of this reservoir until 1996.
The architectural ensemble of the Trinity Lavra of St. Sergius
In 1993 he added to the list the main attraction of Sergiev Posad. The largest Russian monastery was founded in 1337, and the usual form of laurel found in the XVIII century, when there appeared a large part of the buildings that are available to the public today.
Western Caucasus mountains, on the territory of which is located, for example, the Sochi National Park and Preserve Riza, stretches from Anapa to Mount Elbrus. Here you can meet both lowland terrain, and is typically alpine landscape with numerous glaciers. The UNESCO list includes mountains in 1999.
The Citadel, Ancient City and Fortress Buildings of Derbent
Derbent is considered the oldest city in Russia. The first mention of it belong to the VI century BC, when it was called the Caspian Gates. Here is the citadel and the fortifications, whose age is 16 centuries. In 2003, UNESCO recognized their exceptional historical monument.
Golden Altai Mountains
It was under this name in the list of UNESCO in 1998, includes three regions of the Altai Mountains: the Altai and Katun preserves and the Ukok Plateau. Despite the status of protected areas, there are still frequent cases of poaching.
The Ensemble of Ferapontov Monastery
Ferapontov Monastery in Vologda region began to build in the XV century. For centuries it was the most important cultural and religious center of the White Lake Region. Today, the monastery buildings, inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List in 2000, is a museum and the bishop's courtyard Vologda archdiocese.
Volcanoes of Kamchatka
In 1996, the Kamchatka volcanoes were declared a World Heritage Site, and five years later, UNESCO extended the protected area. Here it is concentrated a large number of active volcanoes that make this area unique, even by global standards.
The historical-architectural complex "Kazan Kremlin"
The only Russian Kremlin, whose territory is adjacent to a church with a mosque, located in Kazan. He began to build in the tenth century, and more or less modern form it has acquired only six centuries later. Today the fortress, which is considered a heritage of humanity in 2000, is the main attraction of the capital of Tatarstan, and a favorite place for walking among the citizens.
For inclusion in the World Heritage List in 2010 Putorana plateau "tape. ru "wrote more than once. The stunning beauty of its nature reserve is located in the north of Central Siberia, 100 kilometers above the Arctic Circle. Here you can see the untouched taiga, tundra and arctic desert.
White Monuments of Vladimir and Suzdal
In 1992, the World Heritage Site have been recognized belokamennnye Monuments of Vladimir and Suzdal. Located very close to each other of the city - an ideal route for the weekend, a diverse and effortless.
The Moscow Kremlin and Red Square
In 1990, one of the first in the list of Russia became the main square (with the Kremlin). In Moscow there are three points of interest marked by UNESCO - more than in any other region of the country.
Partly located in the territory of Lithuania's Curonian Spit - one of the main natural attractions of the Kaliningrad region. Its length is 98 km and the width - from 400 meters at the narrowest point of up to four kilometers at its widest. Spit was included in the UNESCO World Heritage List in 2000.
Ensemble of the Novodevichy Convent
Another attraction of Moscow - Novodevichy Convent - was created in XVI-XVII centuries. The monastery is an outstanding representative of the Moscow baroque and is known for the fact that there were tonsured as a nun woman from the royal family. The importance of the monastery to the world culture recognized in 2005.
Virgin Komi Forests
The biggest attraction of the Russian list covers an area of 3, 28 million hectares, including the flat tundra, alpine tundra of the Urals and one of the largest arrays of pristine boreal forests. These areas are protected by the state for the past 50 years, the list of UNESCO entered the forest in 1995.
The architectural ensemble of Kizhi
In Karelia, many go for the sake of Kizhi and Solovki. Both islands are part of a World Heritage Site. Kizhi churchyard, monument of wooden architecture, was on the list in 1990.
Located in the largest region of the country - in Yakutia, the pillars are located almost 200 kilometers from the national center. Tours here are expensive, but those who have been the pillars, they say, that did not regret the money spent. In 2012, a unique natural monument and UNESCO noted.
The historical center of St. Petersburg
One of the most well-known not only in Russia but also abroad attractions - the center of St. Petersburg. "Venice of the North" with its channels and more than 400 bridges included in the UNESCO list in 1990.
Uvs Nuur Basin
Another attraction, which Russia shares with other countries (total of three). Ubsunurskaya hollow, partially located in Mongolia comprises 12 fragmented portions, the common name. In local steppes home to a huge number of birds, in the desert areas are rare mammals, and in the mountainous part of the lives snow leopard is listed in the Red Book. Hollow entered in the UNESCO list in 2006.
The cultural and historical ensemble "Solovetsky Islands"
The Solovetsky archipelago comprises six islands, and its total area is over 300 square kilometers. Despite the fact that it is located in the Arkhangelsk region, the majority of travelers sail here from Karelia - so convenient. Archipelago joined the list in 1992.
The ancient city of Chersonesos and its chorus
Hersonissos is familiar to anyone who has ever vacationing in the Crimea. The ruins of the ancient polis, which is now part of Sevastopol, introduced by UNESCO in 2013.
Struve Geodetic Arc
"Struve Geodetic Arc" - a chain of survey triangulations stretching nearly three thousand kilometers on the territory of ten European countries from Hammerfest in Norway to the Black Sea. She appeared at the beginning of the XIX century and was used for the first valid measurement of a large segment of a meridian. He created it the astronomer Friedrich Georg Wilhelm Struve, better known at that time under the name of Friedrich Georg Wilhelm von Struve. In 2005, the attraction was included in the UNESCO heritage list.
Historic Monuments of Novgorod and Surroundings
In the IX century, Novgorod became the first capital of Russia. It is logical that it was included in the World Heritage Site of the first one. UNESCO has recognized its heritage of humanity in 1992.