Samurai sword tested sharpness
• How samurai sword tested the sharpness of
Samurai with great trepidation treated their blades. Verification fighting qualities Katan paid a lot of attention and this process gradually developed into a real art. In peacetime, these tests were carried out the most sophisticated ways - cut bamboo, straw and even the dead bodies of men.
Usually, katana samurai was one for life. Under the will of the Japanese warrior Tokugawa Iesyau 1615, everyone who had the right to wear a long sword could part with it only after death. Even perfected over the centuries manufacturing techniques of the samurai katana does not save the master of the possible errors that can be fatal when dealing with the real enemy. That is why when purchasing a new owner of the sword initially convinced of its fighting qualities and reliability.
These circumstances prompted the invention of special equipment testing of swords, called tameshigiri. Typically, two major characteristics were tested to ride - sharpness and durability. Due to the fact that this process required a great skill, but also present the risk of damaging weapons, tests were carried out by specially trained people - Cibitoke.
Art tameshigiri very extensive, but there are several basic methods. The targets could serve straw sheaves, bamboo shoots, iron armor, and even human corpses. In total, there were several dozen varieties of cuttings, each of which had its own technology. Cibitoke initially estimated balance and blade quality, long-term tests carried out, and only then set a price. His verdict would like to celebrate the blacksmith, to make the katana and embarrass him.
Testing for metal objects, such as helmets and armor are rarely practiced. Wrong blow could easily distort the sword, and it becomes unusable. And the main problem was not the blade cutting logs and lightning killing the enemy. The only way to check how to behave to ride a living person - to test on the dead. Often unscrupulous samurai tested their swords into living people - beggars or homeless. But even in the cruel realities of the Japanese past it was considered an unforgivable act, which is punishable under the law.
Test is usually taken from the local prison. The corpses of the recently deceased prisoners were ideally suited to this task. Sometimes tameshigiri rite performed during the execution, but it was more of an exception to the rules. According Novate.ru, tested either alone sword or sword in the frame. In the first case, the Katana is placed on a special test stick - kiridzuku.
How to Plant a sword testing took place directly in the prison yard. To do this, going to a separate commission consisting of prison management, the master of Tests and his assistants. The presence of the future owner of the katana was not mandatory - Cibitoke enjoyed great prestige and trust the opinion of all. Corpse (sometimes several) tied to four stakes driven into a special sandy hill. After this test applied in several punches in different parts of the body. Typically, the number totaled eighteen pieces - on these sites most often strikes in a real fight. Ideal Katana had to leave the deep smooth cuts. If from cutting off the bone on the blade nicks were, it meant that the sword is not of the highest quality. The important role played comfort grip and ergonomics. You can still find the old samurai swords engraved with "Tameshi mei" or "Saidan mei", indicating that the sword at once cut the five bodies.