Now with the database storage of nuclear weapons "Gomel-30"
• What is now with the database storage of nuclear weapons "Gomel-30"
The famous Belarusian blogger Maxim Mirovich been based on the storage of nuclear weapons: "Somewhere in the south of Belarus, in the forests of Polesie there is a small dot on the map, is now called the beautiful and peaceful - District. It's a small town, consisting of only one street, and from the north to the town adjoins some huge fenced area, overgrown with forest. Ordinary visitor what some Google maps decides that saw ordinary Belarusian agro-town, and do not give any importance to this, but meanwhile called for a peaceful district disappears once formidable and terrible object called "Gomel-30."
In the already distant days of the Cold War the Soviet Union placed on its western territories (in Belarus, Lithuania and Ukraine) nuclear weapons. This was done for two reasons - firstly, the way missiles were closer to the "potential enemy" (such is considered the entire developed world outside the fence of the USSR), and secondly - a potential nuclear war was to take place on the territory of the Soviet Republics and did do not touch the Moscow metropolis.
several special facilities have been built to service the nuclear charges, which were brought into the nuclear warheads of the so-called Warsaw Pact countries. In spetskompleksah nuclear warheads dismantled, we checked all the electronics and functionality, and then were taken back to the store or on the "alert".
One of these complexes and was "Gomel-30." The facility was built and operated within the extreme secrecy - a complex of several perimeters are fenced with barbed wire and machine-gun nests concrete bunkers, soldiers wore uniforms of a set of common communication troops and local residents were strictly forbidden to meddle in the nearby forest. "
To begin, as usual, a little history. About "Gomel-30", as well as other top-secret facility during the Cold War, it is now known very little - not least because all the documentation was moved outside Belarus after its rejection of the nuclear status in the early '90s. It is known that "Gomel-30" refers to the so-called TSBH - the central database storage of nuclear weapons, which began to be erected in the Soviet Union since the early 1950s and is the communication link between the nuclear industry and military units. It TSBH on the final assembly of nuclear warheads, as well as checking their efficiency and service. In general, here we were brought nuclear warheads from the Soviet Union and the Warsaw Pact countries and was carried out with them a variety of maintenance work. The entire territory of "Gomel-30" is divided into two parts - a residential complex (which, in fact, is now called the district) and the so-called technical area - it is placed bunkers maintenance of nuclear weapons. Tehploschadka is very extensive, forested square of approximately 2, * 5 2, 5 kilometers, which is located on the territory of six similar storage hoppers - at a distance of about 800 meters from each other.
Such a large distance between the bins can be easily explained - nuclear weapons 1960-70s was not precision, and in the case of the charge falling into one of the bins (or hit somewhere in the vicinity of the complex), the rest had to survive. The second reason - is, in fact, the nature of the works themselves with nuclear warheads. If there is any emergency situation, the bunker immediately battened down numerous germodveri staff left (if the time to) the hopper through a special evacuation gateways, and the storage tank with non-standard incident turned into a sealed nuclear burial ground.
Meanwhile, we come to the first perimeter hosting - in the woods and now you can see the remains of the fence, whose barbed wire perimeter protected the once top-secret facility.
Near the entrance can be seen camouflaged machine-gun nests, whose main task was to cover TSBH from possible attacks of enemy paratroopers-saboteurs. The complex, by the way, is protected and is now - on the south side tehploschadki is acting women's prison, guarded by a special battalion of the MVD.
Each of the storage complex is surrounded by another fence of the local perimeter, within which you can see the remains of concrete roads, now overgrown with moss and covered with fallen leaves.
Self storage - a huge concrete bunker inside which there are compartments for storage of nuclear warheads and works with them, the main hall, as well as many ancillary facilities such as ventilation, diesel generator and switchboard. Inside each vault is two entrances - one main, which is the central hall of routine maintenance, and a second auxiliary. That's now look at the remains of masking auxiliary input (see photo).
A huge slate canopy was made not so much for protection from the rain, but for masking and protection of satellite observations - apparently, this is where the warhead of closed transport containers are loaded into the hopper. The canopy, by the way, was made very poorly and is now falling apart.
are narrow-gauge rails inside the hopper. Apparently, here I traveled handling trolley out of the bunker, which is put on the cargo, and then truck was carrying "product" in the main hall.
But so look doors auxiliary input. On the walls you can see a lot of warnings, as well as remnants of the electronic door control systems of the complex. Still pay attention to the tremendous thickness of the concrete walls of the hopper - it is a few meters.
Right from the entrance surviving document 1973 - "Extract from the safety instructions when working with PB (radioveschestvami)."
At the entrance to the old tarpaulin lying costumes resembling the clothes of firefighters from Chernobyl. The radiation background is normal.
Not far from the main premises of the complex there is a small separate entrance to the basement - our way back through the waterlogged corridor.
Most likely, it houses some of the system with pumps to clean and distilled water. This is evidenced by the type and location of the communications.
And here is how the main entrance to the store. The left is high DOT, which in case of the outbreak of hostilities and the landing of enemy airborne near the complex was to be the last line of defense stores. The time in which the enemy troops to cope with the firing point should be enough for the staff to batten down all the doors to the bunker.
It looks complex with height. The main part of the concrete bunker completely invisible from the air - the nuclear storage poured high hill, wooded. This embankment was made for two reasons - firstly, to disguise, and secondly - to reduce damage from the shock wave in the event of a nuclear exchange.
In fact, only the outer structure of the complex - a central assembly hall - a tall building with two windows, which is pictured right behind a slate roof unload ramp.
As is the case with an auxiliary input, unloading ramp is performed mainly masking function. She was supposed to protect the unloading process "products" from the prying eyes of observation satellites. However, the "potential enemy" and so it was known - the height of the building was clear on the nature of cast shadows, the number of windows left no doubt in the fact that within just one floor, is clearly intended for loading and unloading - which together with the rest of the complex ( narrow-gauge railways, bunkers) gave a complete picture of the nature of the work undertaken complex.
The main entrance to the vault. TSBH had developed local transport network, with which the "products" delivered to the hoppers.
Let's go inside. Once the passage into the central hall is a separate procedure during which protection could be required to show a special pass through here is a peephole.
Just behind the green door begins the central hall. The ceiling height in the room - about 17 meters, while the complex hosts various handling operations with the "products". In the shadow of the ceiling in the cross-traverse can see the hook hoist electric crane - once they have raised and reloaded "products", such hoist capacity - about 10 tons.
At the far end of the central hall is located directly at the entrance to the storage of nuclear warheads - a wide corridor to the right leads directly to the main hall storage and yellow germodver the left leads to the auxiliary hopper premises.
The corridor has a whole system of various doors and gates - there is a thick concrete gate (thickness of almost 2 meters), as well as the steel gates with hydraulic lock system. In case of any emergency situation that threatens the accident with the release of radiation, all the gates were locked up tight, and turned into a bunker forever sealed a nuclear burial ground.
System of water seal metal gate. Judging by the state, almost working.
After the hall, we find ourselves in the main hall of the store. In the center of the main hall is a turn-round which, by means of the electric turned transport truck with "product" and sends it to one of the storage compartments. In total there were eight such compartments - four on each side of the main hall.
And here is how the one of the compartments, which contained nuclear warheads. The compartment is an empty concrete room, inside of which are the transport rails.
The inside looks prosaic - the walls you can see the remains of the ventilation and air conditioning systems, as well as cable trays.
On the other hand installed additional lighting reflectors are covered with rust. Apparently, additional light is switched on just during the operation with the "products".
The radiation directly into an absolutely normal storage.
In the complex there are separate germodveryu premises where staff working in departments and which are storage service system - ventilation, diesel generator, transformer and so on.
For the best protection and access control auxiliary premises of the complex are separated by further germodveryami.
Room substation with distribution boards. Above the dials mimic diagram depicting all the ventilation valves, electric doors and other complex systems.
Hall of mechanical ventilation and air conditioning systems. In this room, the equipment for filtering inlet air, as well as to maintain the desired temperature and humidity in storage.
Germodveri are still some auxiliary premises, which now stand empty - only the heating pipes and the remains of cable trays supports can be seen on the walls.
And here is how the evacuation gateway for staff - in the event that on-site brewing nuclear accident, the personnel had to first lock all the doors of the complex, and then leave the store through here are the gateways that lead to the surface.
In the evening we drive to the residential area Districts - the village that were once closed city Gomel-30. This village was not on the cards, and only residents of neighborhoods Rechitsy knew of its existence but the people themselves closed city - the last was strictly forbidden to talk, where they live and what they do.
Now the district does not like scary closed nuclear city - more than 20 years at the entrance to here there is no checkpoint, and the city is absolutely free, you can walk around with a camera.
"EIGHTH here we have a school, there sadzik and then an eight - magazin", - told the local grandmother who came to the evening promenade. However, about a mysterious tehploschadku and nuclear bunkers locals do not like to talk and now - apparently affects a relatively recent secrecy.
Houses in the district are repaired, and the village is not the impression of an abandoned. However, according to local residents, the work here is now small, and many go to work in Rechitsa.
There is a kindergarten and a school. What is interesting - during the school complex was assigned to Moscow, and the children learned at the Moscow program. Apparently, to know the history of Belarus to those whose parents catered to nuclear weapons the Soviet Union, it was not supposed to.
Apartment house on the street Sport.
The front garden at the entrance.
A touching ad with an invitation to visit the table-tennis. Looking at him, for some reason I thought about how it's good that the cold war is no more, but Belarus refused from nuclear weapons.