Movies that are banned Soviet censorship
In Soviet times, before going on the screens tested were all censored films. Some paintings manage to defend, and often sent on a shelf for months and years. In order to lift the ban from the show, actors and directors wrote a letter to the Party leadership, tried to explain why the picture filmed that way, and not otherwise. Nevertheless, some of the pictures found their way to the audience after many years.
"Crime and Punishment", 1940
short film, shot on the play by Mikhail Zoshchenko director Paul Kolomoytsev, censorship has not passed, although the success was on the stage. The basis for sending the film on the shelf were the experiences of the protagonist-Cryptstalker on which the story was built. All attempts to save the creators of the film have not been successful. Only in 1989 the audience could get acquainted with the short film, which has not lost its relevance, and in half a century.
"Heart of four", 1941
Picture Konstantin Yudin, the shooting of which were completed shortly before the beginning of the Great Patriotic War, forbidden to the show with the phrase: "The distortion of the life of the Soviet intelligentsia and the Red Army." The film has lain on the shelf for four years before its release in theaters. Spectators took "Heart of four" very favorably, in 1945 he finished fifth in the Soviet box office.
The film about a Soviet intelligence had many advantages and only one disadvantage: all the characters die in the final. This fact upset Comrade Stalin, he ordered to reshoot the ending. This may have been justified, since in fact a group of scouts, whose members were characters in the movie, after the job is successfully returned to the location of its parts. In 1953, the movie "Star" was released.
"The Dinner Party", 1953
A short film by Friedrich Ermler had to go out on screens, called "Broken Dreams". However, he was so sharp and accusatory, that the audience saw it nearly 10 years and under a different name. The image of an official who is trying to make a career because of subservience, was very bright, but, according to the censors did not fit the image of a Soviet officer.
"A bad anecdote", 1966
must pass more than 20 years since the end of the filming of the movie based on a story by Fyodor Dostoyevsky, so that the audience could get acquainted with the "bad joke". The story could not like a state councilor Ivan Pralinsky interpretation directors Alova and Naumova, we can only guess. Perhaps the "game of democracy," the protagonist of the film, and it is expected the final going to the people too reminiscent of the real situation in the society of the time. However, the fact remains that the film was released only in 1987.
"The Story of Asya Klyachina", 1967
A film by Andrei Konchalovsky, filmed from a screenplay by Yuri Klepikova, the audience at the box office were able to see only 20 years after the premiere. It is worth noting that the painting was sent to the regiment actually because of its poignant truthfulness. Memories of farmers about their lives, frank poverty and lack of prospects - is not consistent with that advocated universal happiness of Soviet citizens.
"The Commissioner", 1967
The film Alexander Askold also spent 20 years on the shelf, and even the director himself dismissed as incompetent, was expelled from the party and made it impossible to shoot movies. The painting remained until its premiere in 1987 only thanks to Sergei Gerasimov, who in his safe until his death kept the only negative of the film "The Commissioner". Perhaps this was the copy that secretly delivered from the mounting Alexander Askol'dov. The history of women commissioner Civil War seemed just the epitome of anti-Soviet ideas, although there was only a reflection of the fear and chaos of those times.
"The lesson of the literature", 1968
tragicomic tape based on the story of Victoria Tokareva was supposed to appear on the screens back in 1968, but was published only in 1989. The first stumbling block was the title of the film - "A Day Without a lie." According to the censors, the entire Soviet reality built on honesty, so there can be no single day without lying. The creators of the film was renamed in "Lesson of literature", but it did not save him from being sent to the shelf. Picture considered enemy propaganda, and the image of the main character, a teacher of literature, recognized inappropriately Soviet teachers.
19 years of neglect picture awaited Gennady shelves, shot by Lev Slavin's play. Veto on rental of the film put himself chairman of the State Committee for Cinematography Alexei Romanov, called "intervention" outright failure of the creative studio "Lenfilm". Roman also said that the filmmakers made too strong ideological miscalculations. At the same time in 1967 at the Theater of Satire was held quite successful premiere staging the play itself. Smalley viewers see the film only in 1987.
"road test", 1971
The film Alexis Herman, who originally was called "Operation" Happy New Year! "" Was posted on the shelf, as ideologists considered almost anti-Soviet pattern. Characters of the film simply did not have the right to expression of human weaknesses, they just had to in spite of everything, to hold high the title of Soviet partisan and a hero. Almost 15 years later the film came out and became not only the winner of many festivals, but also the owner of the State Prize of the USSR.