Details of the film "The Lord of the Rings"
• For details on the filming of "The Lord of the Rings"
Half a billion dollars spent on production and marketing. More than three thousand people in the team founders. Three billion box office. Eight years in production. 17 Oscars. The project is Peter Jackson's "Lord of the Rings", which was released in the form of an ambitious trilogy in 2001-2003 - a truly colossal proportions. He is still considered one of the most ambitious in the history of cinema, and likely to remain that way forever.
When the New Zealander Peter Jackson first saw the cartoon of Ralph Bakshi on the grounds of one of the greatest books in the world - "Lord of the Rings" by Tolkien - he was only 17 years old but he was already quite sure that will be a film director. Cartoon so impressed with the young Peter, that he immediately bought the book, and he said, "read it all in 12 hours, that the train was going from Wellington to Auckland."
By the beginning of work on the trilogy the director has withdrawn his first Hollywood film "The Frighteners" (1995) - until then, his films were produced exclusively in his native New Zealand, Peter Wingnut Films own company. From the outset it was decided to shoot the film entirely in New Zealand, and create all the special effects by local companies. And New Zealand coped with the task so well that even some of the heads of the US studios are reluctant to acknowledge that they found something to learn from their New Zealand colleagues ...
After completing the filming of "The Scarecrow" Peter and his wife and business partner Fran Walsh, together with the head of the film company "Miramax" Harvey Weinstein have begun talks to acquire the film rights to the book Tolkien, which since the early 70's owned one Zaentts Sol. Suddenly the company "Universal" Peter suggested another project, which was also highly interesting for him - "King Kong". Weinstein was furious, in addition, it was found out that Saul Zaentts does not own the film rights to other Tolkien - "The Hobbit" (which from the beginning was discussed in the negotiations), and these rights are actually owned by the film company "United Artists". The situation confusing. The spring of 1996, when it was intended to start shooting, the question of the rights to a screen version and has not been resolved. Jackson was already quite going to shoot "King Kong", when the project suddenly turned "red light" because of "Mighty Joe Young" - a film about a gigantic gorilla that just at that time was in the production of ...
As a result, Peter returned to the "Lord of the Rings", and began to write the script. Together with Fran Walsh and Stephen Sinclair and Philippa Boyens, Jackson full two years working on the processing of Tolkien in the story for a large-scale film. Decided to shoot two parts - for the first scenario of 147 pages for the second - 144. Tolkien history slightly altered to fit in its entirety in the two films, and as a result the bosses "Miramax" agreed to capture and approved the budget - 75 million for the two picture. It seemed that nothing can stop process.
The problems began when producer Marty Katz went to New Zealand to assess the possibilities for filming in the country. After spending 4 months there, he returned with the disappointing news: The cost of Novels, in his view, was to be no less than 150 million, which was absolutely unacceptable to the rather modest film company. As a result, the head of the studio offered to merge two movies in one, and to further reduce the script.
After reviewing the abridged version of Weinstein, Peter Jackson was horrified. Threw half the story, half the characters, the story has become a lightweight, lost scale and depth ... All of it from start to finish has been wedged just two hours of screen time! Peter refused to take off this option in response to the head "Miramax" announced that all project work done to that point (by the way, cost $ 15 million), it will be executed in favor of the studios - including the script and scenery that have already begun to do master of WETA Workshop (in the end they made about 45 thousand items).
The result was a soft, but still a scandal. Discouraged Peter immediately went in search of a new business partner - for the project have already spent so much money and effort that it in no matter what was needed to put into practice. What cost only two years of work on the script! Within a month, Jackson went to the studios, all featuring script and a 35-minute video, depicting the work done, and finally he was lucky to face Mark Ordeski, producer movie company "New Line Cinema". However, rather it is a film company was lucky with Jackson.
Mark was surprised that Peter wants to shoot two films, while the book is divided into three parts. "Why do not you take off a trilogy?" - he asked. And then Peter, along with Fran Walsh took up a new version of the script - this time three films. Almost finished work had to start almost anew ... Only to 99 th year, after four long years after the completion of "The Frighteners," Peter Jackson finally could begin to work on "Lord of the Rings." The way to the birth of a masterpiece turned out to be long and thorny.
Filming began on October 11, 1999, and continued until 22 December 2000, taking 438 days. During this time, the material has been removed for all three films simultaneously. It was a huge work. The trilogy was shot in 150 different locations in protected areas and at the sites of New Zealand - a country whose spectacular nature was the best backdrop for a fairy story. Studio shooting performed in Miramar and Wellington.
A project of immense proportions. Sometimes Peter was able to sleep only 4 hours a day. The task was further complicated by the remoteness of certain film sets - some could be reached only by helicopter because the roads there never was. Jackson was criticized for the fact that he filmed battle scenes in Tongariro National Park without any public discussion (after the shooting there took to carry out restoration work). Whatever it was, the work was in full swing, and before the end of 2000, Peter was able to finish principal photography for all three paintings, accurately laid in the plan. After this, the stage of post-production, which for the first part in London - "Fellowship of the Ring" - took a year. In December 2001, the first film of the trilogy was released, and the team, meanwhile, began to work on the "two towers". There were still years of hard work ...
Peter Jackson: "I am extremely grateful to the actors fulfilled their roles in these films. If they do not, the project could lead to a catastrophe of unprecedented proportions. Who knows how things would have turned out if they did not do their job perfectly. But they have coped perfectly well, every single one. We go the extra mile. "
Sean Astin for the role of Sam scored 10 kilograms - on the script, Sam plump, and in the life of Sean fairly lean. He and Eli Wood - Americans, although initially wanted Jackson to take on the role of the hobbits only British actors. As a result, he asked the British Boyd (Merry) and Monaghan (Pippin) Frodo and Sam to teach British manners than they are doing for the filming. The task was to make the hobbits look "European". Incidentally, Dominic Monaghan originally auditioned for the role of Frodo!
The main character could play and Jake Gyllenhaal. And the role of the elf Arwen director wanted to take Uma Thurman, but she just got pregnant and could not take part in the filming. As a result, the role of Aragorn got elven lover Liv Tyler.
Viggo Mortensen was invited to the project after he started shooting. This happened due to the fact that Peter Jackson realized that Stuart Townsend, selected for the role of Aragorn, was too young for it - Aragorn was supposed to be wiser by experience, and much more charismatic. Since work on the film has already started, Jackson had a few days to find the right actor. Daniel Day-Lewis turned down the role, from Russell Crowe, who at first agreed with pleasure, did not have time because of the ongoing projects. And then Peter Jackson called Viggo Mortensen, who had never met him before, did not see his movies, and did not even read "The Lord of the Rings." The director simply offered him ... immediately get on a plane and go to New Zealand!
Viggo could not agree to play the role of Aragorn, if not for his 11-year-old son Henry, who not only read the book, but it was a real fan of Tolkien's fictional universe. It was Henry Mortensen persuaded to take part in the project, which eventually turned out to be the most successful in the career of the actor.
In its role as the leader of the Fellowship of the Ring, Mortensen hit the whole crew for their talents. He was a true gentleman, a stunningly selfless work, but at the same time also proved to be comprehensively gifted personality - a photographer, a painter, a poet, besides - a polyglot (he speaks fluent Spanish and Danish, and readily spoke Elvish language in the film). It was unanimously agreed that it is better the role of Aragorn would not have fulfilled none. Mortensen's consent to work in the project was a great success for Jackson, Viggo became a real gem of a film. In order not to leave the role of Aragorn, the actor continually walked with the sword, even outside of the set, and they waved periodically, so that he in this occasion even had a problem with the New Zealand police, took him for a dangerous psychopath with machetes. He did everything possible to get used to the role and fulfill it to the limit.
On the role of the leader of the elves Elrond auditioned for the famous pop singer David Bowie, but then this role gave Hugo Weaving, who became famous thanks to the image of Agent Smith in "The Matrix." Despite such different characters, Hugo and the role of the elf looked highly convincing.
Orlando Bloom first auditioned for the role of Faramir (got as a result of David Wenham), but from the start it was obvious that he had a "very elvish appearance" - the first drew attention to this, Billy Boyd, who played the hobbit Pippin. As a result, Orlando took on a central role - the elf Legolas. Bloom two months learning to drive with the bow and arrow before you start shooting, since he first picked up the weapon. However, at the end of training, he gave the impression of Archer-class, literally born with a bow in his hands.
Christopher Lee, who played the evil wizard Saruman, not only dreamed about the role of Gandalf (Ian McKellen inherited), but was even blessed her by Tolkien, author of the book, to which the actor was personally acquainted and corresponded. Christopher Lee - a big fan of Tolkien, it reads, "The Lord of the Rings" each year, and wanted to get into the film in any role. Lee was one of the first actors invited to participate in the project, because he is a true expert on Tolkien's books.
Later, Christopher even consulted artists painting about what should look like this or that character! When he eventually offered to play Saruman, he agreed without hesitation ... Lee has always been a favorite of Jackson for the role of an accomplice of Sauron, but discussed the candidacy of Tim Curry, Jeremy Irons, and Malcolm McDowell.
Interestingly, the role of Gandalf, oddly enough, to McKellen auditioned for Sam Neill (best known for playing Dr. Grant in "Jurassic Park" Spielberg). This New Zealand actor had worked with Jackson when creating mockumentary "Forgotten Silver" in the 95th, but he obviously does not fit the type of Gandalf. Ian McKellen, who played as a result of a good magician, unlike Christopher Lee, had never read Tolkien, and agreed to shoot mainly due to the hot enthusiasm of Peter Jackson, who did his best to persuade the actor to take part in the film. By the way, the role of Gandalf, and even offered to Sean Connery, but he refused.
Andy Serkis, who played Gollum turned to Jackson no less fortunate than Viggo Mortensen. Initially, for the role you were looking for an actor capable of only voice of Gollum, because this character was completely drawn on the computer.
Andy Serkis: "I called my agent and said that I was invited to voice computer character in the film, and it will take three weeks. I thought it was quite uninteresting - I'm an actor, I want to play in this film must be dozens of interesting roles! But as soon as I read the book, I was amazed. Yes, this is one of the best characters in the history! I immediately agreed. "
Andy amazingly created a strange voice Gollum - strangled and wheezing. In this he was helped ... his cat! The way she wheezed, spitting hairballs, prompted Andy, how it is necessary to voice the character. Listening, on which he portrayed Gollum for the first time, shocked by Peter Jackson. According to his confession, it was one of the most spectacular plays in his life. Instead, actor Andy Serkis, he saw a creepy Gollum, which is just amazing match characters from the book. Since then, Jackson says Serkis one of the most talented actors with whom he had to work. That game Andy Jackson gave the idea to really Serkis played Gollum throughout the film, not just announced it. To Serkis animated character. And it worked perfectly - Gollum in the movie is played on a par with the rest, which would be impossible if he were completely painted in the studio, as previously thought.
In the English dub voice of Gollum (the original voice Serkis) impresses. It succeeded with a special drink, which was specially invented for Andy, and which is called "Juice Gollum". It was a mixture of honey, lemon and ginger that helped Andy again and again to turn out his throat inside, depicting unnatural voice of this creature. Serkis drank "juice Gollum" in between takes almost constantly, so that by the end of the shooting day, his lungs began to burn with fire, but he went for it in order to play your best. However, many of the actors were going to sacrifice for the sake of the film turned out as good as possible ...
Peter Jackson, "The film is famous for the fact that it is almost all were injured, and some even more. People inevitably injured, nothing can be done, especially if we are talking about a project of this magnitude, with such an abundance of activities, extras, fights and stunts. We have taken every precaution possible, but it still happened. Fortunately, we did not have very much severe cases, but some have suffered hard enough ... "
Sean Bean, played the role of Boromir, terribly afraid of helicopters. And one had to shoot a scene on the mountain - and Sean refused to go there with them. He said, "I'll get there on foot." As a result, it was observed above in the garb of Boromir, climb up the steep slope ... Sean took two hours to climb up, and even more - to go down, but the helicopter he never flew. As a result, the day turned to Sean's a hassle, he was exhausted to the limit.
Sean Astin, who played Sam starred in an episode in which he runs from the shore into the water and taken to the boat. During one of the takes he literally hung on the edge of the boat, pierced by a sharp pain in his leg. When Sean came ashore, they saw that the soles of his feet sticking out a hefty piece of glass. Oddly enough, the bottom of this site was carefully examined before the shooting of the episode! It is incomprehensible how there came from the glass, but the fact remains - Astin was a danger of injury, forced to interrupt the shooting.
Most of all battered selfless Viggo Mortensen.
One day filming a scene where Aragorn finds a pile of charred orcs, and realizes that with Pippin and Merry disaster struck. According to the director, he was at the same time that there are forces to kick a metal helmet, lying on the ground next to the orcs. Viggo kicked the helmet (made of heavy iron) over and over again, trying to get the perfect take.
Peter Jackson: "Every time he kicked his convincing and persuasive, and during the fifth attempt, kicking him, he even cried out in a rage and dropped to his knees ... It was hard. After the episode was removed, it was found that during this last attempt Viggo broke his two toes, but he did not ruined double, began to call for help and turned her pain in addition to the game. He stayed in the image of Aragorn. This double was the best of all. Moment when Viggo broke his fingers went into the film, and everyone saw it. To be honest, Viggo just shocked me at the time. Neither before nor since have I had no such dedicated actors. "
Viggo Mortensen, Aragorn in the image he performed all the stunts, and even insist on the use of the present steel sword (instead of the more lightweight aluminum, like everyone else, or rubber, which is used in mass). Not surprisingly, with such an approach, he often put himself in danger.
During the filming of the episode, in which Aragorn is floating down the mountain river, almost a tragedy occurred. Peter Jackson offered to do a scene with a stunt, but Viggo insisted on personal performance. Before the double of experts checked, where it will float a person, and that Viggo in full dress plunged into the water and swam.
Acrobats of an absurd accident has not figured out how to affect the buoyancy of Viggo his clothes, sword, boots ... They floated in only one immersion suit. So when Viggo swam in clothes, things did not go according to plan, unable to get up he sailed not where they are supposed (to the foot of the cliff), and there bubbling water just dragged him to the bottom, where he remained for several agonizing seconds to the surface.
Viggo Mortensen: "In my lungs no air left. The water was icy, and I felt that I had left a few seconds. In the end I pushed off from the rock and found myself on the surface. Never in my life was I so scared. "
Viggo has not once had to suffer - he really was more inclined to sacrifice all, and did not spare himself. Thus, in the fighting scenes Mortensen fought so violently that stunt that played orcs had to defend him in earnest. In one of the doubles opponent hit in the face Viggo its sham sword, breaking his front tooth. Viggo rashly wanted to glue it in place with superglue to not interrupt expensive shooting, which was in full readiness fully equipped extras, but Jackson insisted that Viggo urgently went to the doctor and a tooth repaired properly. On the same day, even without removing the makeup and costume, with a sword in its sheath, Viggo found himself in a dentist's chair, while hundreds of "orc" rested, arranging a forced break. Two hours later, the shooting continued in full, and the scene of the Battle of Helm's Deep was shot according to plan.
Mortensen managed to get injured even outside the set! So, when surfing on the New Zealand coast in the breaks between filming, he had hit the water that he was swollen half face. Hide it with the help of make-up is not possible. Then Peter Jackson came up with a simple way out of the situation: he just took off ... Viggo only one side! In the scene where Gimli is the grave of a relative, seen only half of the face of Aragorn.
Christopher Lee (Saruman), too, was injured when not filming - he broke his hand, hit the door of the hotel.
Orlando Bloom, who played the elf Legolas, as Mortensen, he sought to carry out all the tricks, and once broke his rib. In one of the doubles, he fell from his horse, and stuntman, depicting Gimli, fell on top of him. Despite the rift, Orlando the next day was back on the set, and the injury has healed already in the process of further work.
Bernard Hill, who played King Theoden, almost felled the head from the shoulders of his partner in the fight with swords. If the sword was of sharpened steel, an attempt would be successful, but fortunately, all the swords are blunt, so that all ended in minor cuts, on which three stitches.
Andy Serkis played the role of Gollum, as well as other, worked with full dedication. For him, the most difficult was the scene where Gollum jumping into the creek, hunting for fish. The fact is that when the crew arrived to the location, it was found that night it snowed, which closed with a thick layer all around.
With tens of heaters and fire brigade, water all around water, snow removed, but this does not make the water in the stream is warmer. But the scenario Gollum splash in the water in the summer!
Despite the insulated suit, Andy suffered some very agonizing minutes in an icy stream. This was compounded by the fact that just a few meters downstream was broken with a waterfall, so we had to also see to it that deeply imaged Andy has not fallen off a cliff. He almost earned hypothermia.
Even Gandalf filled his bump on his forehead in the process of filming! In the scene in which the magician strikes his forehead on the bar in the lower house of Bilbo Baggins, an actor quite unexpectedly I kissed his head against the tree, but did not lose his presence of mind, and quietly continued to play. This time Jackson was so pleased that he included it in the film.
As for the members of extras and stunt people, their injuries and did not have the number. During the filming of large-scale battle scenes a day goes by without someone was hospitalized with a fracture, sprains, strains, hypothermia or heat stroke. Nevertheless, all we are working with full dedication.
Even though all this trouble, put the blame on the actors, the whole team unanimously agreed that the months spent on the set, was one of the most interesting in their lives, and that they would be happy to repeat it all, if they had the such opportunity. While filming in "The Lord of the Rings" was not a simple matter - especially for the central role performers. Elijah Wood (Frodo): "My working day began at five in the morning, every morning. Sometimes half of the fifth, and then start it seemed that exists in the rest five in the morning. "
Hobbits had to start early to have time to put on the artificial foot to foot before shooting - the make-up takes a lot of time, at least half an hour. Sean Astin recalled that while working on the trilogy was at least fifty days of shooting, when the hobbits legs do not fall into the frame - however, at the beginning of the shooting day hobbits gently make-up starting with the feet!
The legs smeared with glue, then put on your feet, then they further make-up, while cox glue, and all this time the actors playing hobbits, had to stand because the wrong foot stuck in a sitting position. As a result, during the makeup of "hobbits" Wood, Astin, Boyd and Monaghan daily stood motionless for a half hour or more every day of shooting.
Since the feet were glued to remove them without damaging it was impossible, so once can be used by each pair of legs. As a result, the four "main hobbits" has been made for a total of 1800 artificial foot. The same applies to overhead and ears - they did 1600. By the way, all the "leg" and "ears" after removal of the destroyed, but Dominic Monaghan (Merry) kept its props for memory.
Removing the Black Gate of Mordor, Jackson ran into difficulties: the scenario for nepriyutnyh locations in the vicinity of Black Mountain needed a flat, barren plain that blossoms, mountainous New Zealand seemed to be nonsense. Throughout the country there were such places only landfill ... New Zealand Army. Near constantly thundering explosions, above the heads of the crew flew aircraft, conducts training bombardment, artillery trained here ...
On the first day the film crew visited the military, who informed the filmmakers that in this area can be a lot of unexploded rockets and shells lying in the ground. "Do not dig the hole, do not kick, do not try to understand." The scenes were filmed fighting literally ammunition, and every day someone from the actors stumbled on the bomb tail sticking out of the ground.
Viggo Mortensen: "film set was surrounded by tape. I asked - are we safe? I answered no, but there are fewer bombs than on the other side ... So we shot the movie, the risk of continually blown up. Fortunately, everything worked out. I still do not understand how we even allowed to shoot on this site. Although the army at the beginning took off all responsibility for possible accidents with the ammunition. "
In the film, attended the scene with a lot of galloping at full speed riders. For the film had to find riders with their own horses - in fact, each member of the extras had to be a professional, whose horse will obey unquestioningly. Only in this way it was possible to follow the instructions of the director properly. The result was to attract as riders of Rohan ... women! Among the riders in the film them in the end it was more than half, so that each day of shooting with them started with a mass gluing beards. However, women in the film, dressed in armor and made-up, indistinguishable from men, but with the horses they were managed expertly, as required.
For the filming Rings close-up used a huge ring weighing more than three kilos - that is what we have seen in the episode on a snowy mountainside, when Frodo dropped Ring, rolled down. More than a dozen different rings of different sizes was made, and all of them were in the frame. After the shooting, Jackson gave Eli Wood and Andy Serkis one ring memory (both actors were convinced that every one of them - the only copy).
The quantity and quality costumes made for the film was unique. One only suits for Frodo took 64 (!) Pieces, and 32 suits had to Aragorn. Some costumes - for example, the elven armor - were real works of art. Each coat of mail was on 13 thousand rings, and its creation took three days. And chain mail were much more complex - they were made not of metal but of plastic rings, to reduce weight. Two people for two years has woven together 12 and a half million rings, making four coats of mail! The total number of costumes for the trilogy was 19,000 - 40 costumers took more than two years of their establishment. Wig hair collected worldwide.
Unpredictable visited and the weather, which once sprang a surprise by staging the most genuine flooding due to heavy rains. Nearby villages have been inundated so that people traveled the streets of their boats, but Jackson's team courageously continued to shoot one scene after another. However, they had to turn work after ... it snowed! In the blink of an eye location it has turned into something that does not correspond to the script, and filming was postponed.
An impressive journey into the underground, where Saruman using disgusting orcs creating and arming the army of Uruk-hai into Isengard - the merit of the masters to create thumbnails. The entire location has been done in the pavilion in the hands of dozens of artists greatly reduced form, her shots were using a computer combined with the actors filming in full size, and then added numerous details like melteshaschih orcs and myriads of ravens in the air.
For filming many scenes with Hobbits used the services of undersized doubles. The makeup and costumes, they were exact copies of Frodo, Sam, Merry and Pippin by movie stars, but their sizes were such as had to be scripted. This greatly facilitated the production and reduce the cost of it. In the trilogy, there are dozens of episodes in which we see not Eli Wood, and his little twin growth of a little more than a meter.
First Embodiment "Fellowship of the Ring" good lasted four and a half hours. Considerable labor cost Jackson to get rid of excess length (had to cut a lot of scenes that required at the time of a large labor), but even in the shortened duration of the theatrical version was nearly three hours, and the director's version was a little less than four hours of screen time. The complete trilogy lasted more than 12 hours - a truly epic scale! The director claimed that a cut scene three films would take nearly 15 hours of viewing ... Jackson's interest in the project all over the world was just tremendous. Once in April 2001, appeared on the Internet a movie trailer, it viewed by half a million people for the first day alone. There was no doubt that it will hit the incredible scale. This is what happened. What to New Zealand - for the country's film in general has become a national pride. On the day of the premiere of the New Zealand capital of Wellington it was renamed in Middle-earth!