How to celebrate the New Year USSR leaders
In recent decades, the New Year is one of the most favorite holidays in countries that were once a big country - the USSR. Today, people of different generations remember the sense of magic that accompanied the holiday as a child. Ordinary people celebrated the New Year in a big way, trying to get scarce food and prepare sweets for the children. How we met this day leaders of the Soviet Union?
For Lenin's New Year's Eve is almost non-existent, since these days it just worked. There is evidence that only in the last years of his life Lenin arranged a holiday in his Gorki. Dressed up tree and 31 December to visit Lenin invited children from the surrounding villages. Handing on the tree kids sweets, which were very modest. Along with a few candies in the present were lumps of sugar, wrapped in colored paper.
However, some sources of information is available and that the festival hosted by Lenin in the New Year, is a fiction.
Stalin too bestowed holidays, non-ideology. However, the New Year was celebrated, and he and his family. Although there were times when the New Year meeting was not welcome. All this was due to the tradition of decorating the Christmas tree on Christmas. This holiday and related attributes were considered a relic of the religious and massively condemned. However, to eradicate the desire of the people to celebrate the usual holidays completely failed, then it was decided to celebrate with a Christmas tree is not Christmas and New Year.
Joseph Stalin about the middle of the 1930s began to organize annual receptions and houses traditionally celebrate the holiday with his family. If the original celebration was like an ordinary meal with a drink, then on New Year's Kremlin receptions case has already been delivered in a big way. After the official part with summarizing, guests moved into the room, where there were laid tables, and the statement made by preparing the best artists of the country. It was Joseph Stalin introduced the practice of not speaking on stage, next to the festive tables, closer to the viewer.
House of Joseph Vissarionovich dressed up Christmas tree. Until 1931, it was engaged in the wife of the leader, after - Alexander Bychenkova, babysitting Stalin's children. On New Year's night in the house of the leader came a few invited. If the holiday initially held in a Moscow apartment, then later moved to the country in Volyn. There is already the leader of a Christmas tree decorated with guards, with balls and toys were imported directly from the glass-blowing factory, for the approval of their design. Tradition was to marry instead of the top New Year's fir tree with red star, a copy of the ruby stars of the Kremlin's Spassky Tower.
At home holiday gifts were given. And gifts to the leader himself, while he is extremely negative attitude to the gifts imported. On the table stood a leader certainly Georgian wine, and spirits were present. This is despite the fact that Stalin often poured from a separate decanter, which, as a rule, there was water.
At the beginning of his reign, Nikita Khrushchev gave preference not to scale celebrations, and the home game in a circle of associates. However, a few years after Stalin's death it was made to celebrate the New Year in the Kremlin. At the celebration was attended not only by representatives of the party elite and their wives, but also actors, writers and poets, leaders of manufacture.
was all about what can only dream was on the table. At the same time drinking with virtually no restrictions, some guests even taken out by the hand to lead out of the room to life. as Khrushchev alcohol himself used very little: he enjoyed a glass glass with a thick bottom, into which the alcohol quite a bit.
CPSU General Secretary introduced the constant practice of the New Year congratulations, addressing the citizens of a great country for five minutes to midnight. However, back in 1930 several times congratulating the Soviet people Mikhail Kalinin and one day - Klim Voroshilov. Nikita Khrushchev preferred to impersonal greetings on behalf of the party.
When it is no longer celebrate the New Year in the walls of the Kremlin. It is thanks to Leonid Ilyich, the notion of a holiday as a family. Accordingly, the Secretary General met the New Year at home, with family and friends. Usually, the guests at the celebration were friends in the Brezhnev Leonid Brezhnev among the party elite.
Wife Victoria Petrovna Brezhnev personally supervised the preparation of the New Year holiday. She is not ready, but the control exercised full. I check how the house is decorated, at what stage is the preparation of dishes. Usually from spetsstolovoy ordered a stuffed fish, and a big cake. We are drinking at a party a bit, mostly champagne and "bison". And the fun is not until dawn, especially in the later years. Often they are singing military songs, recalling the past, sometimes dancing.
Yuri Andropov and Konstantin Chernenko, who led the country after the death of Leonid Brezhnev, was seriously ill people, so no special celebrations during his reign they were not satisfied.