Guide to the main attractions of the Moon

At the present rate of technological development is near the hour when set foot on the lunar surface first tourists. What they will be there to show for the millions of conventional units, in which, of course, such a trip will cost?

The highest point of the Moon

Guide to the main attractions of the Moon

In contrast, the highest point on Earth, Mount Everest, the highest point of the moon do not have to climb. There you can simply prilunitsya. The highest point of the moon is on its reverse side, in the center of the unnamed plateau, close to the crater named after Russian astronomer Engelhardt. The height of the plateau - 10 800 m, but not above the sea level, and with respect to the average value of the height of the lunar surface. Open this most mountainous region as recently as 2009, the US probe Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO).

Place the fall of the Soviet moon station "Luna 2"

Guide to the main attractions of the Moon

The first of the lunar modules were not braking systems and, in essence, are not far removed from the ordinary cannonballs. Nevertheless, the first such "cannonball" was on our earth satellite, the Soviet, which was called with a loud phrase "automatic interplanetary station" Luna 2 "." It launched from the Baikonur cosmodrome September 12, 1959, and already 14 September it reached its goal, bringing to the surface of a pennant with the coat of arms of the Soviet Union. Pennant was a balloon consisting of several metal pentahedra, each of which was coated and emblem image formed inscription "September 1959". This ball, resembling a soccer ball when it hits the ground, as was intended, shattered into pieces. So now on the lunar surface is a whole bunch of priceless gift, the search which no doubt will be included in the program of lunar tours.

Why is the "Luna 2" and not one? Because "Luna-1" successfully flew past the moon and became the world's first artificial satellite of the sun .... Later, he repeated the story apparatus "Luna-4" and "Luna-6", as well as the American "Pioneer 4".

Tranquility Base. Landing on the moon Americans

Guide to the main attractions of the Moon

It is time to stop the insinuations. Americans on the Moon, of course, they were. And more than once. For the first time - in July 1969. "Apollo 11" with three astronauts on board was launched from Earth on July 16, and after five days of the lunar module "Eagle", undocked from the "Apollo", down on the lunar surface, in the south-western part of the Sea of ​​Tranquility, near the crater Little -Uest. Almost on the equator.

What can be seen at Tranquility Base? First of all, the landing stage of "Eagle", as well as established for further research scientific instruments: a laser reflector and a seismometer. Exhaust their resources and waste of astronauts before launch from the moon and television cameras, lunar rucksacks and shoes. Plus a healthy bag of garbage.

On the basis of Tranquility was a whole bunch of souvenirs: a metal plate engraved with her words, "Here, people from the planet Earth first set foot on the moon. July 1969-th birth of Christ. We came in peace for all mankind ", the emblem of" Apollo 1 ", a small golden olive branch and several commemorative medals of the victims of American and Soviet astronauts and cosmonauts, including Yuri Gagarin and Vladimir Komarov.

Lunar trip can easily pay for themselves, enough to grab a few stones from the moon, because the cost of the lunar soil today is $ 2, 2 billion per kilogram.

Parking place of eternal "Lunokhod-1"

Guide to the main attractions of the Moon

The world's first planetary rovers was delivered to our satellite station "Luna-17" November 17, 1970. Moon landing occurred in the Sea of ​​Rains. "Lunokhod-1" worked for ten and a half months, after passing over the surface of the moon more than 10 km. He conveyed to the Earth 211 lunar panoramas and 25,000 photographs. Its exact location was unknown for a long time, but in March 2010, the "Lunokhod-1" was discovered by the American probe LRO. Exact copies of "Lunokhod-1" can be seen without leaving planet Earth. They are exhibited in the Memorial Museum of Cosmonautics and the Polytechnic Museum in Moscow.

Space jeeps

Guide to the main attractions of the Moon

These Americans, as we know, can not imagine myself without a good car. So astronauts, beginning with the mission "Apollo 15", held in August 1971 and became the fourth manned mission to the moon, began to take with a means for comfortable movement on its surface. Such means has become two-seater on two disposable batteries, developed by Boeing. Lunomobil average speed was 13 km / h, but it can accelerate up to 18. However, the ride on a high speed on the moon was not comfortable: on the bumps, all four wheels are off the surface, and the car was constantly trying to take off.

Such lunomobil on the Moon today, as many as three. All of them are parked near the landing site and the start of the lunar module. In April 1972 his lunomobil on the Moon left the "Apollo 16", and in December of the same year - "Apollo 17". Cars are in good condition, it is only necessary to replace the batteries. Mileage is very small: the rover with the "Apollo 15" dashed off on the Moon 28 km. The next two - 27 and 36 km respectively.

The total mass of objects thrown from the Earth to the Moon, has made more than 180 tons.

The crater Aristarchus

Guide to the main attractions of the Moon

The crater Aristarchus, named after the Greek astronomer Aristarchus of Samos - the most mysterious moon crater. To date, Aristarchus recorded almost one hundred and fifty wide variety of difficult to explain phenomena that have a common scientific name LTP, Lunar Transient Phenomena, that in Russian does not sound very solemn - KLYA, transient lunar phenomenon. At different times, astronomers on Earth recorded in the crater Aristarchus bright red, orange and pink flash, "something like a fog", red and blue lights "from both the electric welding", the sudden darkening or lightening of its interior ... For example, astronauts mission "Apollo 11" was observed in the crater of a fluorescent glow, and noticed from Earth. In this relatively small crater dimensions: a diameter of 40 km and the depth - 3, 5 km.

City Gruytuyzena

Guide to the main attractions of the Moon

In 1822, professor of astronomy at the University of Munich Franz von Gruithuisen watching the moon through a telescope, discovered near the crater Schroeter and Gulf Aestuum a lunar "city", he called Vallverk (translated from German - "walled city") . Vallverk later renamed in honor of its discoverer. Indeed, several ridges intersect here in such a way that they can easily be mistaken for the ruins of the ancient city. People are endowed with a particularly rough imagination, looking at the city Gruytuyzena telescope, differentiated between the main street and diverging from it at an angle of 45 ° lanes, the remnants of the ramparts and even the tower. The length of the "city" - about 37 km. Whatever it was, but look at the unusual near certain there will be many who want to.

Bridge O'Neill

Guide to the main attractions of the Moon

This is named after the arched structure of a length of about 32 km, discovered July 29, 1953 in the Sea of ​​Crises, John O'Neill, science editor of the New York Herald Tribune, and part-time amateur astronomer. After he reported his discovery to the scientific community, telescopes around the world were directed towards the Sea of ​​Crises, and the existence of a "bridge" confirmed even such a serious scholar, Hugh Percy Wilkins, director of the Lunar department of the British Astronomical Association. "He looks like a man-made, and engineering design. He casts a shadow, and can be seen passing beneath the sun's rays, "- described his discovery of O'Neill. Later, however, it was found that it is at least impressive, but it is a natural formation. Perhaps today it is the most picturesque place discovered on the Moon.

The vertical shaft on the back side of the Moon

Guide to the main attractions of the Moon

It will be something to do on the Moon and cavers. In 2007, Japanese artificial Moon satellite "Kaguya" photographed a mysterious hole, located in the Sea of ​​Dreams on the back side of the moon. hole diameter -. 130 m depth is unknown. This unnamed until well into the future earthlings can be useful for the equipment it manned lunar observatory. Good protection from radiation and temperature difference.

Installation "Fallen Astronaut"

Guide to the main attractions of the Moon

The first and so far only an art object on the moon has been set August 1, 1971 in the south-eastern edge of the Mare Imbrium commander of the US ship "Apollo 15" by David Scott. It is an 8, a 5 cm aluminum in figure astronaut space suit, lying supine on the lunar surface. Next to it is a label that contains, in alphabetical order are engraved the names of 14 dead by the time the astronauts and cosmonauts.

installation author is a Belgian artist Paul Van Heydonk. It is interesting that this action was a personal initiative of astronauts and was not coordinated with NASA.