Love defeats Ivan Bunin: femmes fatales in the writer's life
• Love defeats Ivan Bunin: femmes fatales in the writer's life
Probably none of the classics did not write about love as Ivan Bunin - one of the most lyrical authors of Russian literature of the twentieth century. His life was a lot of dramatic love stories that have had an impact on his work. Three women have become a writer muses, inspiring in equal measure for his love, and cruelty.
Vladimir Paşcenco, 1886. IA Bunin 1890
At the age of 19 Ivan Bunin he was going to marry Barbara Pascenco. She worked as a proofreader in the "Orlovsky Gazette", and he - assistant editor. Cooking was only a year older than his chosen, but her parents age difference seemed to be an obstacle. As well as the fact that Bunin at the time was a young poet, without shelter, without money, and, as they thought, with no prospects for the future. Despite this, the relationship between them for some time still in progress, they lived together, then apart, but in the end she left him for a wealthy landowner, with whom the sly by Bunin met, and later married him.
IA Bunin and Vladimir Paşcenco 1892
After parting with Barbara Bunin he moved to Moscow, then to Odessa, and there met Anna Tsakni - the beauty of Greek origin. He called her "sunstroke". She was rich, moody, spoiled male attention and cold, although it took his courtship. "I remember the very moving, - he told Bunin brother - how many times I have opened her heart full of tenderness, very good - she does not feel anything, - number of some sort. She's silly and undeveloped, as a puppy. " Nevertheless, they were married.
Anna N. Bunin (Tsakni) The marriage did not last long - due to differences in the views of the spouses and the fact that Anna is not felt for her husband as deep feelings. Bunin shared his experiences with his brother: "Describe your sufferings refuse, and to anything ... The other day I was lying three o'clock in the desert and cried, and cried, because more flour, more despair, humiliation and suddenly lost love, hope has not experienced a single person ... How I love her, do not you imagine ... The most expensive I have no one. " The writer was very upset because of the breakup with Anna, he even tried to commit suicide.
Vera Bunin (Muromtseva)
Ivan Bunin and his wife Vera 1907
In 1906 Bunin met a woman who, unlike the others, was a true guardian angel for him. Faith Muromtseva became his second wife and a devoted husband all her life. Together they spent 46 years. She had to tolerate and forgive a lot, but even in the most difficult situations, it remained a loving and devoted wife, a friend, counselor and consoler. For Bunin it has become a safe haven after a stormy romances and painful separations. Her feelings, he took it for granted, but when he was asked whether he loves his wife, the writer said: "Loving Faith? It's like love his arm or leg. "
Galina Kuznetsova, 1934 and 1931.
Bunin, G. Kuznetsova, V. Bunin, Leonid Zuroff. Grass, 1932C there he traveled halfway around the world, it went into exile and reached the top in the works. But when he was awarded the Nobel Prize, he was standing next to, not only faith, but another woman - the third fatal love of his life. In 1926, at their villa settled aspiring writer Galina Kuznetsova. Bunin introduced her to his wife as his pupil and assistant. A wife had to put up with the presence in their home young mistress of her husband.
On the left - Galina Kuznetsova, Ivan Bunin and Vera Muromtseva. Right - Ivan Bunin, Marga Stepun Leonid Zuroff, Galina Kuznetsova (sitting)
Vera Muromtseva and Ivan Bunin
When Bunin met with Galina Kuznetsova, it was 56, and she - 26. But it did not frighten any difference in age, nor the fact that both were not free. Galina left her husband without hesitation and leave Bunin and Vera could not and would not. At the same time he knew that Galya - his last love, and to resist that feeling, too, is impossible. The three of them spent almost 10 years. Everything is destroyed when their house came the philosopher Fyodor Stepun sister Marga. Bunin said in despair: "I thought it would come some dude with a glass in her hair parting. And it took away from me a woman ... ". Galina really gone from the writer to Marge, but not physically left: 8 years the two women were in the care of Bunin and lived in his house. It was a heavy blow, which he barely managed for him.
Ivan Bunin and his wife Vera
The film A. Master * * His Wife's Diary devoted to the events in Grasse
A still from the movie * * His Wife's Diary 2000
Bunin once gave this definition of love: "Love - is to believe." It was this principle followed Vera Muromtseva. In spite of all the gossip and even what she saw, she stubbornly repeated: "Ian I have never changed!". Bunin recent years - one of five Russian writers who have become Nobel laureates - spent in poverty and disease, but his wife stayed with him until his death.