World Mission: how an amateur pilot landed the plane on Red Square, and what happened to him after that
• World Mission: how an amateur pilot landed the plane on Red Square, and what happened to him after that
August 3, 1988 from the Soviet prison was prematurely released an unusual prisoner. They were German amateur pilot Mathias Rust, the year before that became famous all over the world that landed the plane on Red Square. Then this event caused quite a stir: how 19-year-old boy managed to discredit the Soviet air defense system, why did he have to make this mad act and what punishment suffered brave?
One 18-year-old Mathias Rust, watching TV, the news said that the talks between the US and the Soviet government in Reykjavik deadlocked. The young man decided to help the Soviet Union and the West to improve relations. At least, so he explained the motives of his action in the court: "I thought I could use the aircraft in order to build an imaginary bridge between East and West, to show how many people in Europe want to improve relations with the USSR."
A schematic map of Rust's flight
At that time, Mathias Rust was right on the control of the airplane, and he has already spent in the air for about 50 hours. May 13, 1987, he told his parents that he intends to go on a plane for northern Europe in order to bump the required number of hours to obtain the rights of a professional pilot. May 25 Mathias arrived in Helsinki on 28 May told dispatchers that he was going to Stockholm. But Rust was moving in the wrong direction, and later even disappeared from the radar.
The plane Mathias Rust on Red Square In the area of the Finnish coast immediately began search and rescue operation. a large oil slick was seen on the surface of the sea, and then it has been suggested that the plane crashed. As long as the pilot searched the sea, he crossed the Soviet border over Estonia. Of course, the radar immediately spotted him, and soon next to him turned out to be a fighter "MIG". For a while he accompanied him, but on the further actions of the order has not arrived, and "MiG" soon disappeared.
The fact is that in 1984 the Soviet military shot down a passenger plane in South Korea, which violated the airspace of the Soviet Union. As a result, people were killed, and then shoot in civil and sports aircraft were forbidden. When Matthias flew in the Pskov region, the local regiment conducted training flights. One aircraft took off, the other approach. At 15:00 all the pilots had to change the code at a time, but many did not inexperience. Because of the confusion has arisen over the aircraft was given a sign "I-its", including aircraft Rust, were among them. When he flew over Torzhok, there was carried out the rescue work after the crash, and the plane of Rust was mistaken for a Soviet helicopter search.
the evening of May 28 German aircraft "Cessna" landed on the Great Moscow River bridge and drove to St. Basil's Cathedral. The pilot got out of the cab and began signing autographs surprised passers-by and tourists. He was arrested a few minutes later. The next morning all the newspapers reported a sensation: "The country is in shock! German pilot profaned serious athlete a huge arsenal of defense of the USSR in the Border Guards Day. "
is the version of the reasons for Mathias act were several: trying to win a bet, wanted to impress his girlfriend, on a mission of foreign intelligence services, has made effective marketing tool in support of his father's business - he sold the aircraft "Cessna" in Western Europe, and the news that is - the only aircraft Victory of the Soviet air defense system, could help revive demand.
Mathias Rust was arrested and tried for hooliganism and illegal border crossing. He was sentenced to 4 years of imprisonment, but was released early next year. Their positions have lost the head of the air defense forces, defense minister and about 300 officers. The people of Red Square became known as the "Sheremetyevo-3" and write jokes on the subject.
Upon returning home Rust was attainted piloting as a person "mentally unbalanced". Soon after he again landed behind bars: working in a hospital as a nurse, he ran with a knife on a nurse, refused his advances. In 2001 he tried again - this time for stealing a pullover. Apparently, it really was not exactly mentally stable.
"Miss World" Rust still cast doubt too many discrepancies and large-scale effects: in the Soviet Army then conducted a massive cleaning - as if waiting for the right occasion. Hence, many are called flight Rust carefully planned provocation, which was a lot in that period.