"The Catcher in the Rye" - the bible of American youth or favorite book is killers?

• "The Catcher in the Rye" - the bible of American youth or favorite book is killers?

July 16, 2016 marks 65 years since the publication of the most famous works of American writer JD Salinger - novel "The Catcher in the Rye." The public reaction was very controversial from deification to the prohibition of the story in several countries for obscenity, profanity, and depression. Many readers in the protagonist Holden Caulfield, a rebellion against society recognized themselves, and some even went to the crime ...

Father Jerome David Salinger, trader smoked meats and cheeses, dreamed that his son continued his business. But none of the educational institutions Jerome never finished. In 1942 he was drafted into the army, where he served in counterintelligence. His first published story was published the novel "The Catcher in the Rye" in 1940, after 11 years, which brought the author world popularity. On this piece the writer worked for about 9 years.

The image of the protagonist - a 16-year-old Holden Caulfield - the ball is so close and understandable to American youth 1950-1960 that Salinger story soon received the status of "the bible of American students.". Indeed, for several generations, this book became a cult, and the main character - represent the views and attitudes of young people opposed to falsehood and hypocrisy in society.

The ideas of protest against the social order have adopted not only the young rebels, nihilists and beatniks, but also people who are prone to deviant behavior and violent scenarios of struggle for their own beliefs. Salinger's book has been obsessed with John Hinckley - perpetrator of an attack in 1981 on the 40 th US President Ronald Reagan.

John Hinckley - perpetrator of the attempt on Reagan

Mark Chapman - John Lennon's killer

Mark Chapman - John Lennon's killer - after five shots into an idol, and sat under the lamp and began reading "The Catcher in the Rye" in anticipation of the police. During interrogation, he said that the encrypted orders to kill Lennon he found on the pages of this book. Maniac Robert John Bardo persecuted, and then in 1989 killed actress Rebecca Schafer three years. At the time of the crime he had with him the book "The Catcher in the Rye."

Jerome D. Salinger - author of the novel * The Catcher in the Rye *

Traditions bind philosophical beliefs Holden Caulfield with the psychology of killers continued scriptwriters and writers. In the movie "Conspiracy Theory" novel "The Catcher in the Rye" is the link for the group of killers who do not know their victims. And the main character of the book D. Picoult "19 minutes", who shot 10 classmates, too, is read Salinger, and during the search he found "The Catcher in the Rye." Of course, in the story no advocacy of violence or incitement to murder, but a protest against the existing social order, everyone is free to interpret in their own way.

Holden Caulfield does not accept everything that surrounds it: "God, how I hate it! And not only the school, all the hate. Taxi hate buses, where the conductor shouts at you, that you went through the back area, hate to get acquainted with Lomax ... hate to ride in elevators when you just want to go out, I hate to measure suits ... ". But despite maximalism, depression, immaturity, and non-conformism, the protagonist confesses quite different principles. His dream - to catch children's Catcher in the Rye, "I can imagine how little kids are playing in the evening in the vast field of rye. Thousands of children, and not a soul around, no adult, except for me ... And my job - to catch the children, so they do not fall into the abyss. "

10 years after the first publication of the novel "The Catcher in the Rye" has been translated in 12 countries, including the USSR. Minister of Culture Furtseva, however, published an indignant response: "What is more abstract for supra-class kindness and tenderness? The main character could have imagined something more concrete than the abyss. " However, propaganda revolutionary ideas to combat bourgeois society, with good intentions, Salinger could not be found.

After the story brought the author world popularity, he decided not to publish, in 1965, did not leave any of his works. Jerome Salinger led a reclusive lifestyle, practicing eastern spiritual practices and not in contact with journalists. In his last years he studied Buddhism, yoga and alternative medicine and did not communicate with the outside world. The writer died in 2010 at the age of 91.

Today, "The Catcher in the Rye" include a list of the 100 best English-language novels of the twentieth century. and 12 best-selling books in history.