Territory, purchased US
The United States of America on the size of its area is occupied 4th place. But few know that more than half of the United States were purchased at different times.
In the XVIII century completely Alaska belonged to Russian Empire. However, owning a remote and unsuitable area, no way were the northern lands, it became burdensome. "Sell - the surest way to" a long time did not think ... The signing of the contract took place on March 30, 1867 in Washington. Many of our citizens are distressed about the sale of the colony. They say that this was one of the biggest mistakes in the history of the Russian state: for "gold mine of" request "only a" 7, 2 million dollars. Subsequently, gold was discovered in Alaska, it began the famous gold rush and mined minerals exceeded the purchase price repeatedly. This is of course annoying, but the main failure of the transaction is still in the other, "proceeds" from the sale of the money never made it to Russia. $ 7 million was transferred to the London bank transfer, and even from London to St. Petersburg by sea drove purchased for that amount of gold bullion. But disaster struck - bark Orkney, on board which was a precious cargo, July 16, 1868 sank on its way to St. Petersburg. Was it at that time, the gold, or it does not leave the UK is unknown. Insurance Company insured the ship and cargo, declared itself bankrupt, and the damage was only partially compensated.
Louisiana purchase was the largest transaction in the history of territorial. Thanks to the United States it has become one of the largest countries in the world. Louisiana purchase is unique by the fact that it came as a surprise to the United States, it can be called yet, and the most successful in the history of the transaction.
In 1731, Louise's officially became a French colony, after 30 years, during the war, she went to the Spaniards, but the French-speaking population did not want to reconcile with the Spanish proektoratom. As a result, in 1800, Louise's once again become French. Though not for long. US President Thomas Jefferson in 1802 instructed James Monroe and Robert Livingston to start negotiations with France on the purchase of New Orleans and other parts of Louisiana territories. It is difficult to imagine the surprise of Americans, when instead of selling New Orleans, Napoleon offered to buy the entire Jefferson Louisiana entirely. It was a huge area (828 km2), twice that of the then United States by area, today in its place located state of Iowa, Arkansas, Louisiana, Missouri, and Nebraska, Wyoming, Kansas, Colorado, Minnesota, Montana, Oklahoma, North and South Dakota. The transaction amount was just ridiculous and amounted to $ 15 million. The price per acre of land as a result of the transaction amounted to 3 cents (7 cents per hectare). Such haste Napoleon was caused by the fact that he needed a fleet for the war with England. Besides, he knew that to keep the overseas territory under the control it did not turn out, and wait until they take away by force, he would not.
The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo can be considered another sverhudachnym US government deal. He was imprisoned after the Mexican-American War in March 1848. In fact, this agreement was a typical example of an annexationist peace. Document the transaction consisted of 23 articles and an additional protocol. The United States got New Mexico, Texas, Arizona and part of Upper California. This area (over 1300 thousand. Km2) was almost 40% in Mexico before the war. US paid under a contract of 15 million dollars, as well as taking on the payment of financial claims of its citizens to the Mexican government (3.25 million dollars). In addition to US territorial gains, his subjects also received free navigation on the Colorado River and the Gulf of California.
After 6 years after the conclusion of the contract Gvadelupo- Hidalgo Mexico had again to make significant territorial concessions. At this time the US bought for 10 million dollars from the neighboring state of 120 thousand. Km2 area between the rivers Colorado, Gila and the Rio Grande. Today, it is the southern part of the US states of Arizona and New Mexico. The deal is named for the American Envoy, James Gadsden, who at the request of US President Franklin Pierce concluded an agreement with the Mexican dictator Santa Ana. The exchange of ratifications took place on 30 June 1854. The need to conclude the agreement was due to the construction of the US transoceanic railway, which was to be held on the territory of the purchased land. It is interesting that under the terms of the agreement the United States also planned to build on Teuantepekskom Isthmus (in Mexico) transoceanic canal, but it is the condition of the United States and has not been fulfilled.
The United States has repeatedly asked the price to the Virgin Islands, which since 1733 belonged to Denmark. Even before the First World War, they wanted to buy the island, because they were concerned about the possibility of accommodation on the islands of German submarines, however, come to an agreement the countries could only come in 1917. We made what is called beautiful. In 1916, Denmark held a referendum in which 64, 2% of citizens voted for the sale of the islands. Unofficial referendum held on the islands, made even more impressive results for joining the US voted in 99, 8% of the citizens. The transaction took place a year later, January 17, 1917. America pays Denmark $ 25 million, which was comparable to half of the annual budget of the European countries. US citizenship Virginians began to receive only 10 years.
Florida was acquired by the United States in Spain under the agreement of the Adams-Onis February 22, 1819. This deal is unique in that vast territory formally went to the USA for free. US Secretary of State John Quincy Adams signed an agreement under which America was obliged to pay to pay the claims of American citizens to the Spanish government. Washington set up a commission, which from 1821 to 1824 years, has collected 1859 claims relating to 720 incidents. Of these claims had been paid by the Government 5, $ 5 million.
In 1896, the Philippines started a rebellion against Spanish rule. Filipinos wanted independence, but in Spain alone could not overcome. They needed was the support of a large state. On the horizon were the United States, which promised Filipino independence and began to war against Spain. Two months before the end of its Philippine republic declared its independence, but it was not recognized by the United States that 10 December 1898 bought the Philippines from Spain for $ 20 million and left on the islands of its military bases. February 4, 1899 an American soldier was killed by a Filipino, who visited the territory of the military base. It was the detonator to the US-Philippine War, which lasted until 1903 and cost the United States in the "break the bank" - $ 600 million, 30 times more than it was paid for Spain Philippines.