Riga from the height of bird flight
• Riga from a bird's flight height
Riga - the capital of Latvia and the largest city in the Baltic states, located on the bank of the Daugava River, near its confluence with the Gulf of Riga. Riga city historical center listed as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.
Let's look at Riga from a bird's flight.
In 2014, Riga has become regarded as one of the cultural capitals of Europe.
Riga became part of the Russian empire and the center of Riga province in 1783-1796 years was the center of Riga governorship, in the years 1796-1918 - Livonia. By the end of the XIX century, Riga became one of the most important ports of Russia, and from 1850 to 1900 years, the city's population has increased tenfold.
After regaining independence in 1991, Riga again became the capital of the sovereign Republic of Latvia.
Riga - the most populous city of the Baltic States, however, since 1990 the number of its population greatly reduced and continues to decline. Downsizing is a consequence of emigration Russian, Belarusians and Ukrainians during the first years of independence, Latvians - in the coming years, to move people in the UK and Ireland in recent years, as well as the low birth rate among all nationalities.
formed in the epoch of the last Ice Age landscape of Riga abounds in small lakes and streams, and to the east and north of the Old Town in the late XIX century stretched a wasteland of sand dunes.
The historic center of Riga is located in the lower reaches of the Daugava River and the northern suburbs are already on the southern shore of the Gulf of Riga. The southern and western destinations of relatively sparsely populated: the vast swamps and marshes were once the natural protection of the city.
As of January 1, 2015 according to the Central Statistical Bureau of the city's population was 641,007 inhabitants.
In Riga, mostly inhabited by the Latvians (46, 3%, census 2011) and Russian (40, 2%).
In a referendum in 2012 61, 6% of voters in Riga voted against giving the Russian language the status of second official (national percentage of "against" - 74, 8%). In this case, the so-called "non-citizens" without Latvian citizenship, had no right to vote in the referendum. It is interesting to note that the Russian-speaking population resides more in neighborhoods, built in Soviet times, and Latvians closer to the city center.
In Riga operate 60% of Latvian companies and employs more than 50% of the working population. NASDAQ OMX Riga Stock Exchange is the only country are also located in the capital. Almost all major Latvian financial institutions are located in Riga, including the Bank of Latvia, which is the central bank of the country.
Riga has long been the Hanseatic city, here side by side buildings of different styles from the medieval architecture of the old town to the modern and contemporary architecture.
And Riga was the largest port in the past, and one of the most important industrial, commercial and cultural centers in the Russian Empire.
In 1997, the center of Riga has been declared a World Heritage by UNESCO for "outstanding universal value", unique in the world of quality and quantity of architectural monuments in the Art Nouveau style, relatively unchanged preserve the historical appearance, and the wooden architecture of the XIX century.
Riga From time to time there are high-rise "freaks." Experts from UNESCO and ICOMOS in the construction of high-rise buildings is seen a threat to the overall appearance of the city of visual integrity. The city government urged to revise these plans was sent.
TV Tower. Height - 97 meters. Login - 3.70 euros.
The building of the National Library - one of the modern attractions of Riga. Built in the years 2008-2014 on the left bank of the Daugava, opposite the historic city center.
Old Town - the historical and geographical center of Riga on the right bank of the Daugava, preserved fortress features that mimic the curves of fortifications and ramparts, demolished in 1857-1863 gg.