The woman, without which Joyce would not write "Ulysses", or, as in Ireland, there was a holiday Bloomsday

• A woman, without which Joyce would not write "Ulysses", or as a holiday of Bloomsday Ireland appeared in

June 16 worldwide fans of the Irish writer James Joyce celebrate Bloomsday - the day dedicated to "Ulysses", because on this day the novel unfolds. Every year in Dublin for this holiday come wishing to make a trip along the route done by the protagonist of the book. The choice is not accidentally fell on June 16 - so the author wanted to immortalize the day on which he made his first date with his future wife - Nora Barnacle. Their mutual passion is not extinguished until the last days and was so blatant that the novel itself, and did not publish the letter in love at one time as "pornographic".

The woman, without which Joyce would not write The woman, without which Joyce would not write

One 22-year-old James Joyce walked through the streets of Dublin and when I saw the girl who came out of the hotel "Finn's Hotel". He spoke to her and found out that her name was Nora Barnacle, that it came from Galway and works in the hotel maid. The girl turned out to be adhered to rather free views and agreed to come out on a date. It was held on June 15, but it was not allowed to work, and they meet the next day. June 16, James was remembered not only as the day of our first meeting, but also the time of their first intimacy. Passion swept them at first sight and had not abated over the years.

The woman, without which Joyce would not write

On the left - James Joyce, Paris, 1926. On the right - Nora Barnacle, Zurich 1920

The woman, without which Joyce would not write

On the modest dress of the young man and his badly worn shoes girl immediately determine what to do he go wrong, but she was not discouraged. She even agreed to a long-term relationship outside of marriage. On one of the first appointments Joyce said that they will live "in sin," that is, without the wedding, as he did not agree never to this procedure, and if they will have children, they will not cross.

The woman, without which Joyce would not write

A similar attitude toward religion was born a writer during his college career. Sooner awakened in him sensuality forced to live in a constant sense of guilt for their perversity. At the same time, he saw that all who call carnal sinful priests themselves did not adhere to religious dogma. Originated doubts led to the complete rejection of religion and God. But even this did not scare Nora - she was as passionate and temperamental, and not ashamed of her sensuality.

The woman, without which Joyce would not write

Scene from the movie * Nora * 2000

Mutual need for utmost frankness in the expression of feelings and the wording of the desires manifested in their correspondence. The publication of these letters has done a lot of noise - they were called obscene and shameless. In a fit of passion and tenderness James wrote to his muse: "Mother, my wild flower, climbing the fence. Yes, my heavenly drinking rain, flower! But the palm followed suit, light it - for you a beast of lust rises to every inch of your country, suffers all your secluded corners, picks, sniffing the shame and secrecy. " For the same reasons, banned the novel "Ulysses." Its publication in the United States ended in a lawsuit and banned the book because of its indecency.

The woman, without which Joyce would not write

Nora and James still married 27 years later after meeting and for 10 years before his death. Their relationship has always been tumultuous, passion fueled by jealousy. Perhaps, betrayal, which has become the central conflict in the novel "Ulysses" - is a reflection of the real facts. A family friend told Joyce that he had a close relationship with Nora, and although it was before the beginning of the novel, the writer could not forgive his wife.

The woman, without which Joyce would not write

Left - Joyce during a trip to Zurich, 1938. Right - James and Nora with children - a son and daughter Lucia Giorgio

"Ulysses" - the most famous work of Joyce, in which the writer tells all about one day - June 16, 1904 - in the life of Leopold Bloom. As stated by the author, the travel route of the hero is described in such detail that it "could be restored to Dublin in the event of its destruction." Therefore, Joyce admirers easily able to repeat this route. Since June 16 called Bloomsday - "Bloom Day". This festival in 2016 celebrated in Russia: in St. Petersburg festival "Bloomsday Today", a theatrical walk "In the footsteps of Leopold Bloom", Irish music and marathon readings of the novel.

The woman, without which Joyce would not write

A still from the movie * Nora * 2000