15 behind the scenes secrets of the restorers, which are known only to initiates
Nothing is forever in the sublunary world, and priceless works of art by the great masters of the past, while also not spared. But fortunately the efforts of experienced restorers of paintings, sculptures, frescoes back to life. To learn how to manage it is the people who work with priceless masterpieces, and will be discussed in this review.
Contemporary Art recover more complicated than the old masters
At first glance, one might think that the centuries-old paintings, with their layers of accumulated dirt, restore harder than the work made much later. But Barbara Bertieri, restorer of paintings in New - York, argues that it is not. The works of the old masters are always performed in a certain way for them to choose a certain paints and canvases.
That is why restorers are familiar with these techniques, as well as ways to restore them. Contemporary art can be much more unpredictable and include all kinds of materials. You never know what will come across.
Steve Tatti, the restorer of sculptures in Manhattan, said that it is addressed a wide variety of clients: from museums to private collectors to urban municipalities. Increasingly, he said, the restoration of order private collectors who seek to earn on their investment, rather than large institutions.
Also very frequent cases where the restoration of order to the subsequent sale of a work of art at auction, to raise the price of the lot. In the last 10-15 years it has opened up a whole new art market - India. This happened due to the growth of the Indian economy and, accordingly, renewed interest in the arts.
The natural factor
restorers often bring work, heavy damage which was caused by natural forces. When recovering such items skilled necessary to estimate color changes that have occurred due to changes in humidity, temperature, light and age.
The human factor
Mistakes happen always, but they are especially deplorable when happen with the works of art worth thousands or millions of dollars. Due to the high turnover of auction houses sometimes accidents happen when damaged priceless paintings and statues. Because of this, the auction houses - regulars restorers.
In the restored works that look great in one type of illumination, while other coverage you may notice the huge drawbacks. Therefore restorers always see their work under a variety of artificial and natural light sources and from various angles. Another important tool is the restorer of UV light, because the light in the ultraviolet range causes most organic materials to fluoresce.
In addition to the conventional art tools such as brushes and paints, as well as high-tech devices such as ultraviolet light, infrared light and X-rays, the restorers also borrow tools from other areas. For example, the used scalpels, clamps and drip of medicine, dentistry of staples, forceps of jewelery, and so on. D.
Sometimes the best tool - his lack of
The knowledge and intuition of a restorer can be the best tool. The best experts are those that rely primarily on your feelings.
Sometimes it is better to leave things as they are
Every qualified restorer knows when it is best not to interfere. They point out that if you overdo with bleach, it can spoil the whole picture. You also need to very carefully applied varnish to protect the picture, because it changes the color saturation.
Most restorers spend a lot of time alone in the
While the dealer work involves a lot of interaction with customers, work of the artist and restorer passes alone with works of art. Restorers often obsessed with their work.
Their work may pose a risk
Although in recent years the use of such materials is on the wane, art restorers always used hazardous solvents and other substances. Usually people of this profession washed up in acetone, turpentine and mineral spirits, which often irritate or damage the skin, lungs and mucous membranes.
Non-standard working conditions
Sometimes the workplace restorer can be very unusual. For example, when restoring murals at the airport John F. Kennedy restorers working, hanging in the air on a cradle. After all, every mural weighed a ton, and its size is 5x15 meters. In this painting it was impossible at first to dismantle the wall.
Sometimes restorers detect forgery
Sometimes restorers discover during work that the painting, which for centuries was considered originals are high-quality counterfeits. For example, when updating a collection of seventeen paintings by 15th-century pen Raphael, Rubens, Titian and other famous artists at the X-ray revealed that it is a copy of the 19th century.
Sometimes restorers create fake
Sometimes the best way to protect valuable works of art that are exhibited in public, is to place them indoors. Many agencies and municipalities, especially in Europe, decided to publish original work in a secure environment, and to publicly expose a copy of frost-proof material. These copies do just professional restorers.
The lack of publicity
The work of an experienced restorer often "invisible" to everyone, going deep behind the scenes and is aimed at removing the damage to works of art. At the same time on the picture itself does not pay attention. Repin painting "Ivan the Terrible kills his son" was hit by three times with a knife.
The best customers - those who love the art of
While today works of art are increasingly becoming a commodity, there are collectors who are motivated by love to the art itself. It is these collectors - the best restorers customers, because they belong to these professionals as those who "saved their treasures."