Banned movies: 10 interesting facts about the film adaptation of the novel of Nabokov's "Lolita"

• Prohibited movies: 10 interesting facts about the film adaptation of the novel of Nabokov's "Lolita"

April 22 marks 117 years since the birth of Vladimir Nabokov - writer, poet, screenwriter, whose Russian and Americans never cease to challenge each other until now. The general public, he is best known as the author of the controversial novel "Lolita." The few attempts at adaptation of this work is also accompanied by a series of scandals, the films will repeat the fate of the novel: in many countries have banned them.

Banned movies: 10 interesting facts about the film adaptation of the novel of Nabokov's Banned movies: 10 interesting facts about the film adaptation of the novel of Nabokov's

For the first adaptation of the novel "Lolita" in 1962, Nabokov himself wrote the script, which was later published as a book. Film was directed by the famous Stanley Kubrick. The film participated in the Venice Film Festival, was nominated for the "Oscar" for best adapted screenplay.

Banned movies: 10 interesting facts about the film adaptation of the novel of Nabokov's

Sue Lyon as Lolita 1962

Banned movies: 10 interesting facts about the film adaptation of the novel of Nabokov's

The vision of Nabokov's Humbert director explains: "It is an outsider, a stranger, who with passion transgresses conventional norms. It is a criminal, maniac, a poet, a lover, a revolutionary. The main characters of the movies "The paths of glory," "Murder," "Spartacus" and "Lolita" - they are all outsiders, who are fighting for something to do the impossible, whether it is first-class robbery or rescue the innocent from execution militaristic state, or an affair with twelve year old girl. " Director introduced Humbert lonely romantic outcast.

Banned movies: 10 interesting facts about the film adaptation of the novel of Nabokov's

Over the choice of Stanley Kubrick and Nabokov actors worked together. Certain difficulties have arisen because of the strict restrictions imposed by Motion Picture Association of America. In the novel Lolita 12 years, but to invite to such a role as a young girl was simply impossible. Nabokov insisted that the actress should look like a child, but to behave like a grown woman. The choice fell on the 16-year-old Sue Lyon.

Banned movies: 10 interesting facts about the film adaptation of the novel of Nabokov's

From censorship, eroticism in the film has been kept to a minimum, as Stanley Kubrick later regretted: "The film had to have the same erotic power, like the novel. While the film remained the psychology of the characters and the mood of the novel ... it was not so much erotic as it was possible to invest right now. If we have brought it to the novel, he would have been more popular. The film was a success, but, of course, people expect to see something that they find in the book. "

Banned movies: 10 interesting facts about the film adaptation of the novel of Nabokov's

From Kubrick film excluded all the details that characterize as a pedophile Humbert. So, there are no tricks with "sleepy pills" when the hero wanted to lull Lolita and use it. The girl, on the contrary, appears vulgar beauty, seduces Humbert.

Banned movies: 10 interesting facts about the film adaptation of the novel of Nabokov's

The second film adaptation of "Lolita" was the eponymous film by Adrian Lyne, released in 1997, 20 years after the death of Nabokov. The main role in it played by Jeremy Irons and Dominique Swain. The film is based on the novel, it is built as a story of the defendant to the jury, which was not in Nabokov.

Banned movies: 10 interesting facts about the film adaptation of the novel of Nabokov's

On the left - Dustin Hoffman. Right - Jeremy Irons

Humbert on the role originally invited Dustin Hoffman, but he refused because of the shootings in the other picture. Lolita role offered to Natalie Portman, but she also refused, because of religious beliefs. The samples were about 2,500 actresses for the role of approved 15-year-old Dominique Swain.

Banned movies: 10 interesting facts about the film adaptation of the novel of Nabokov's

The common scene between the girl and Jeremy Irons paved pillow. In the intimate scenes replaced her understudy, as under US law underage actress could not participate in the filming of scenes of sexual intercourse.

Banned movies: 10 interesting facts about the film adaptation of the novel of Nabokov's

The screen age and Lolita in that, and in another version has been increased to 14 years because of fears arouse public anger and outrage. In the final version of the film cut some explicit scenes that are left on a DVD-ROM with the film, as the UK and France, cinemas refused to show "Lolita" in the full version.

Banned movies: 10 interesting facts about the film adaptation of the novel of Nabokov's

Adrian Lyne's film was banned in Australia until 1999 for "propaganda of pedophilia", another 24 countries have banned or restricted it to the show. Until now, European countries discs with "Lolita" are allowed to sell only to adult. In fact, the film is the same fate as Nabokov's novel, which at the time was banned in England, France, Argentina, New Zealand and South Africa.