Delhi. Qutub Minar

• Delhi. Qutub Minar

After a day in Agra, I went back to Delhi, where I was scheduled to rich day program before flying home. I decided to start with the world's tallest brick minaret Qutb Minar (Qutab Minar).

Delhi. Qutub Minar

Brick minaret 72, 6 meters is a unique monument of medieval Indo-Islamic architecture, and is protected by UNESCO as a world heritage site.

The first Muslim ruler of India, Qutb ud-Din Aibek impressed Afghanistan Minaret of Jam, to surpass it, began construction of the minaret in 1193, but was only able to complete the foundation. His successor Iltutmish, completed construction of three more tiers, and in 1368, Firuz Shah Tughlaq will finish the last level:

Delhi. Qutub Minar Delhi. Qutub Minar

Impressive gates Ala-i-Darwaza were built the first dynasty of Delhi Sultan Alauddin Hildy and famous "Iron Pillar in Delhi" - a column from an unknown alloy of iron, seven meters high and weighing six and a half tons. Fame acquired column that for 1600 years of existence, escaped the corrosion:

Delhi. Qutub Minar

Just a great job on the stone:

Delhi. Qutub Minar Delhi. Qutub Minar

The inhabitants of the complex:

Delhi. Qutub Minar Delhi. Qutub Minar

Ruins Mosque Kuwwat ul Islam (Islam Power), also known as the Great Delhi mosque was constructed Qutab ud Din Aibek founder mamluks order. Construction of the mosque began in 1190. Building materials for the mosque served as the twenty-seven destroyed Hindu and Jain temples. It was the first mosque built in Delhi after the Islamic conquest:

Delhi. Qutub Minar Delhi. Qutub Minar Delhi. Qutub Minar

In addition to the usual purpose to convene people to prayer in the mosque Kuwwat-ul-Islam, the minaret was used as a tower of victory to show the power of Islam, as well as a tower for viewing the surrounding area in order to protect the city:

Delhi. Qutub Minar Delhi. Qutub Minar

Last minaret tiers:

Delhi. Qutub Minar

Décor:

Delhi. Qutub Minar

Base Diameter - 14, 74 meters, and the diameter of the upper part of the tower 3, 05 meter:

Delhi. Qutub Minar Delhi. Qutub Minar Delhi. Qutub Minar Delhi. Qutub Minar Delhi. Qutub Minar

At the time of his reign Aladdin Hildy planned construction of minarets Ala-i-Minar, intending to make it two times higher than the Qutb Minar. However, the construction was stopped after the death of Alauddin, when the construction reached a height of 24 meters.

The ruins of the first tier preserved to this day:

Delhi. Qutub Minar