Young Joseph Stalin, how the party did not know him
Young • Joseph Stalin, how the party did not know him
Of course, you know that the name of Stalin - is a pseudonym. Joseph Dzhugashvili was born in 1878 in Georgia, who was then a part of the vast Russian Empire. He was the son of a housewife and a simple shoemaker. Vissarion, his father, an alcoholic and rowdy, after the attack on the municipal police chief was arrested.
In 1894, 16-year-old Joseph received a grant to study at the start of the Russian Orthodox Seminary. By the end of the first year Dzhugashvili Jr. firmly decided that God does not believe.
Despite the conviction, Joseph stayed in the seminary until 1899, then he was expelled - Dzhugashvili did not pass the final exam. But then the young man thought about something else entirely: he was fascinated by the works of Lenin and joined the Marxist political group.
The first in a nickname future leader took another seminary. He called himself Koba and demanded that the same be called comrades. This is the name of the hero of the beloved Joseph's novel "Patricide" written by Alexander Kazbegi. In Koba's novel - a young peasant, which easily can be called "noble robber", but, unlike Robin Hood, more realistic.
1901. Stalin at the age of 23 years.
1894. 15-year-old Joseph Dzhugashvili.
After leaving the church school Stalin worked at the weather station until 1901, then finally he became an underground revolutionary. Koba arranged meetings, undertaken more unrest and kept scribbling articles for clandestine propaganda leaflets. In 1904 he joined the new Bolshevik Leninist group. In 1911, Koba takes his second and final alias that the next few decades will inspire fear and respect all over the world - he begins to call himself Stalin.
1901. Koba pictures of the police archives.
in March 1908. Stalin's image after his arrest.
The personal file of Joseph Stalin. Profile was brought after his arrest in Baku in 1910.
1911. Pictures taken by the secret police in St. Petersburg.
During the First World War, Joseph Stalin had not been at the front. As a child he twice fell under the horse-drawn carriage wheels, because of which suffered serious damage to his left hand and was released from service. In April 1917, he was elected to the Central Committee at the congress of the Communist Party of Stalin. Six months later, the Committee voted in favor of the revolution, which subsequently led to the Civil War.
Less than 10 years later, Joseph Stalin becomes General Secretary of the Communist Party. Together with the appointment of the chief received a number of nicknames, which firmly established him among the people: The genius of mankind, the Great Architect of Communism, and many others.
1915. Stalin (second row, third from left) with the Bolshevik group in the village of Turukhansk, Russia.
Joseph Stalin, Vladimir Lenin and Mikhail Kalinin in 1919.