Golden Gate Karadag
• Golden Gate Karadag
Today's story about one of the three visual symbols of the Crimea - a rock Golden Gate.
Along with the swallows' nests, and Bear Mountain, this rock most often found on various souvenir photographs, postcards, magnets in the Crimea, as well as in articles and on the covers of magazines, telling about the Crimea.
One of the favorite tourist destinations is a natural natural object created by an ancient volcano, and then "modified" by tectonic forces, sea waves and wind.
In ancient times it was called the rock quite different - ferris gate (or Sheytan Kapu). It was believed that there is the entrance to the Underworld ..
The most famous rock Crimea is located in the east of the peninsula, at the foot of an ancient volcanic massif Karadag.
Volcanic activity millions of years ago has created in this place many incredible formations. One of these entities are and Golden Gate.
Right next to the Golden Gate is located just a few parasitic vent of the volcano, and lava dikes outputs, so it's hard to imagine what was happening in those places at that time.
Lava and the sea boiled, rocks were split, went under water and climbing out of it.
That is exactly what was in the 85 meters from the amazing rock arch. Directly under the shots on the sea depth is as much as 15 meters - the rock literally standing over the failure of the land. Apparently, not just in ancient times it was considered the gateway to the underworld.
This is the later of the storm and the wind expanded natural opening to an enormous size, through which can even sail a small pleasure boat. But first there was the volcano. It is enough to look closely at the structure of the rock.
Why is the golden gate?
Firstly, at dawn, they really look like gold. Although the dawn from the desired point can see, not all, because the rock is a nature reserve and access to a wild beach at the foot of the dikes Leo prohibited and protected by rangers.
But the rock becomes "golden" and again during the day - at about 13-14 hours. At this time, the summer sun is in such a position that the incident rays of the sun on the rocks change color close to gold. she is beautiful and at sunset.
Because of what is happening? The fact that the rock is completely covered with yellow lichen, who play in the sunshine.
However, in recent years its upper part is greater than the white than yellow. This is due to the increase in the number of a Red crested cormorants, which breed in these places. And its droppings increasingly covers the surrounding rock.
Despite the seemingly not very large, the rock is massive enough. Its height of 8 meters, width - 6 Two years ago, almost all the pleasure boats that carry tourists from Koktebel, resort or Feodosiya passes through the opening, and tourists throw coins for good luck. Soon, however, a ban on boats passing under the Golden Gate, as well as change the entire travel route of the offshore portion of the reserve, which now takes place in no less than 100 meters from the shoreline.
This measure is, in my opinion, quite justified, given the ecological culture of our visitors and the harm caused by the summer dozens of ships, intruding into the wild.
Opponents of such introductions, I can only say this - in these few years, which occurred after the tightening of access to the territory of the reserve (and its mountain forest of the same is touched), the reserve has very much changed for the better. It has become much cleaner, dozens trodden paths overgrown with grass, I began to see again on the environmental trail of wild animals to the naked eye, the number of wild birds and it is the only reserve in the Crimea, where I do not see the garbage (!!!). Nor on the coast or in the mountains.
Golden Gate Dyke Lion Gorge and the Devil's Chimney - traces of ancient volcanic activity.
minutes, when the rock has a golden color.
Dawn on the Golden Gate. Of course, the most famous shots - when possible to remove the sun directly in the doorway of rock, but it is possible only a few days a year.