How does the ornithological service in Domodedovo
• How to
arranged ornithological service in Domodedovo
Flight Safety - important in aviation. Whether it is a large airport or the airport of local airlines.
All of them are in the open area available for a certain kind of "people" who do not require a permit and documents to enter the territory of the airport. Not only that, these characters are constantly penetrating the closed area, so they also pose a threat to flight safety.
Today, we will focus on birds and one day in the life of the ornithological service of Domodedovo Airport.
Faced with the fuselage or hitting the aircraft engine, the bird can disrupt aggregates aircraft. To prevent such events Moscow Domodedovo Airport is the first in Russia in the early 80-ies created ornithological service, whose task it is to monitor bird populations on the airfield and in a radius of 15 kilometers from it.
What does the ornithological service?
The division aims to ensure the safety and ornithological monitoring of populations of birds on the airfield and in a radius of 15 kilometers from it. Domodedovo airport was the first among the UIA (Moscow Aviation Hub) began to use the unique birds of prey patrol in 2002 to repel the birds, which may pose a threat to aircraft.
On the danger that can be feathered for aircraft, birds are divided in weight and size.
The greatest danger is large birds pound of body weight, tending to open areas or airfield are favored. It geese, cranes, swans, herons, storks, eagles, buzzards, ducks, herring gulls.
By the middle include pigeons, rooks, lake and mew gulls, partridges, lapwings, as well as several other species. They all have a weight of 150 to 500 g
By the fine dangerous for aircraft bird species are starlings, blackbirds, larks. They are dangerous because they tend to form numerous flocks.
But the crows are not dangerous, since it is very clever birds, and in the territory of the airport behave properly and from aircraft are kept at a respectful distance.
The birds are afraid of sharp sounds, claps, shots and pose a potential threat to their predators.
On this basis, scaring birds on the airfield is performed using acoustic systems that broadcast the cries of birds of danger.
That's because this dynamics constantly moan bird.
also scare birds using propane cannons, imitating the sound of a rifle shot, pistol or signal cartridges.
Several of these guns are installed next to the runway at Domodedovo - pictured right.
From time to time the gun shoots a compressed gas, or even hundreds of meters away felt the blast.
One of the most "live" methods to combat the threat of flying - hunting birds, they are the same goshawk.
And yesterday employee ornithological service Ivan showed reporters how hunting hawk.
Today for ornithological safety at Domodedovo airport used goshawk in the amount of five individuals.
Meet - is Brunhilda, a young half-year female hawk. For his - Bruno.
The use of trained birds of prey is the most effective and natural way to fight with clusters of birds at take-off and landing area, and is widely used all over the world: birds hunters operate in the largest US air harbors, England, Spain, Canada (just over twenty countries).
In contrast to other technologies, such as acoustic, this method causes the birds stable avoidance response on the basis of deep instinctual processes developed in the course of evolution, resulting in the efficiency of such effects increases markedly.
On average, goshawk trained and adaptable for a month. Feathered guards are trained by a special technique, which is based on the principles of dressage used in falconry.
In the process of so-called "gestation" ornithologists experts taught the bird to her, environment, specific conditions of work at the airport. Main specialist task - to find a bird contact, get her confidence and getting used to the equipment and personnel.
Prior to hunting birds put on a helmet-eye cup so as not to irritate a lot of lenses aimed at her - yasteb lens camera perceives as someone's eyes and worried about what will look like on the screen.
Bruno listens to every sound and occasionally scratches himself, trying to get rid of the helmet.
Before releasing the bird patrol in the patrol flight, its tail or leg is attached a small transmitter that allows you to track the movement within a radius of 25 kilometers. However, it is rather a formality - a well-trained bird is kept next to the host, and only in the heat of the chase for prey can fly considerable distances.
When in sight of the intruder appears, the hawk takes off his perch - Ivan on the left hand special thick leather glove for the transportation of birds.
At this time, the offender turned dove - not the easiest prey for a hawk. Us they seem clumsy bumpkin, but in fact the pigeons are very nimble and maneuverable, when they are in an open area.
It takes just ten seconds, and the offender is about to be in the feet from Brünnhilde.
Everything went pretty far, so we will do without details.
I except to say that his work Bruno performed perfectly, and the offender became a full hawk dinner.
As told Ivan, every bird in the unit has its own character and highlight the favorite of all, he could not.
Bruno until the girl is young and impulsive, it has yet to work on themselves and hone hunting skills.
That's the beauty.