Kingdom of a million mirrors. Crimean geliostantsiya
• The Kingdom of a million mirrors. Crimean geliostantsiya
How do I know burn the probe, which is planned to send to Mars or not? Where can I check?
Or how to make a "solar knife," which can cut any material and even evaporate metals?
Or how to generate temperature in 4000 degrees Celsius from sunlight using solar bunny?
The answers to these questions can be obtained at the site, which is known to very few.
Interesting? I invite you on a tour
It geliostantsiya, formerly part of the Institute of Problems of Materials Science, located in the Crimean village of Katsiveli.
Hidden from prying eyes off the road a small playground, which is located a few tens of metal structures, entirely pasted mirrors.
It is these seemingly simple devices let you do all those incredible things that I mentioned at the beginning of Lent.
Geliotsentr was established in 1967 to explore the possibilities of solar energy. The choice of location was due to a number of factors - is one of the most transparent atmospheres, the largest flow of solar radiation and almost never clouds.
This dish has nothing to do with radio telescopes. By some miracle, the scientists succeeded in it "get" for their own needs and as a result it has become the largest concentrator solar power in the former Soviet space. Its diameter was 5 meters. This hub is created specifically to test the thermal protection of the radiosonde, which was to go down in the Martian atmosphere.
In order to perform the necessary studies, the plate had to paste over in the 12th thousands (!!!) small mirrors.
The first head geliotsentra Raisa S. Biryukov said about how it was done: "We manually pasted her small triangular facets a mirror-first 8-10 pieces per night, and adapt himself - at 200. At night, worked because the day you can cool burned on. . ... sunbeams attaching the mirror, they had to focus on one point of focus is therefore placed the lamp, which served as the night light so stuck and 12,000 mirrors However, focused not perfect, so the beam is turned "thick"... - - 200 to 200 mm then e. to give them the opportunity to experience the heat-shielding tiles for space shuttle "Buran". "
Set concentrates sunlight by using all 12 thousand mirrors that direct the rays to a single point. However, the sun does not stand still, so the system automatically catches up constantly fleeting light.
But what makes a "plate" with the collected beam of rays? Concentrated solar energy can reach a temperature of 4 thousand degrees in Celsius. It can be used to melt the metals and even evaporate them. Using solar units can simulate the Earth and Mars temperature, and can be "solar knife" - that is cut, for example, asbestos cloth. Their edges are then melted and pylili and "toasted" cinder blocks in the sun ceased to absorb moisture and become smooth.
There are four legendary setting. This slightly altered military spotlights, which are based on the same amount to the mirror. First, fishers of the sun were the scientists themselves: two men turned manually setting over the horizon and azimuth until the beam is brought into focus. Now all this makes automation.
When the settings are not used, they are covered with special protective covers.
In total, there are about a dozen different plants with different configuration and assignment.
In Soviet times geliotsentr in the Crimean mountains known far abroad. Scientists lived well - the country loved and valued their work, and they come up with all the new "clothes" for satellites and rockets, which, according to scientists, the best in the world
These days, things are not so good. However, the work of this particular geliotsentra colleagues from the United States are closely watching so far.
And whatever it was, unlike many other research facilities located in the immediate vicinity, geliotsentr not bent, continuing his "hot and bright" work.