Angel Florence: Who was the mysterious Venus by Sandro Botticelli
• angel Florence: Who was the mysterious Venus by Sandro Botticelli
The sources of inspiration for the artists of the Middle Ages and the Renaissance often becomes unreachable Lovely Ladies, platonic love and worship are born masterpieces of world art. Florentiyka Simonetta Vespucci was for the greatest Renaissance painter Sandro Botticelli in the same god as Beatrice to Dante or Petrarch for Laura. She did not notice the humble artist had no idea of what was for him an ideal of beauty.
She never found out, thanks to whom her image remained in centuries, she passed away at age 23.
Sandro Botticelli. self-portrait
On it is little known. Simonetta was married to Marco Vespucci, was related to the famous Florentine navigator Amerigo Vespucci. Simonetta's husband was a friend of Giuliano de 'Medici - co-ruler of Florence, so after the wedding, the young moved to this city. But the marriage of Simonetta and Marco was not happy.
Filippino Lippi. Portrait of S. Botticelli
After they moved to Florence, a beautiful young woman could not leave without attention, it sought the favor of many noble men of the city, among its admirers and was the Florentine ruler Lorenzo de 'Medici. But her heart was given to his younger brother Giuliano. They admired the entire female population of the city, from the noble ladies to urban women - he was handsome, stately, strong and agile.
Sandro Botticelli. "Portrait of a Young Woman" ( "Portrait of Simonetta Vespucci"), 1475-80
Bronzino. Portrait of Giuliano de 'Medici
Sandro Botticelli. Simonetta Vespucci (presumably), 1475
It is believed that this work Piero di Cosimo in the image of Cleopatra depicts Simonetta Vespucci decades after his death.
Sandro Botticelli. Portrait of Giuliano de 'Medici, in 1476
Florence loved Giuliano de 'Medici. He was called the Prince of Youth. He showed no interest in public affairs, but willingly took part in tournaments and balls. Simonetta was considered the belle of Florence, called it the "Incomparable" so devoted to her poem, artists painted her portraits.
Sandro Botticelli. Portrait of Giuliano de 'Medici, 1478
Sandro Botticelli. "Spring" (Primavera), 1482
Some researchers argue that Simonetta was the mistress of Giuliano, some are convinced that their love remains platonic. Doubtless is the fact that the January 28, 1475 Giuliano took part in the tournament, and after his victory proclaimed lady of his heart - Simonetti - the queen of the tournament. In the design of this action was Botticelli, depicting the personal banner Giuliano Simonetti in the image of Minerva in a white dress with the head of Medusa in hand. Unfortunately, this standard has not been preserved.
Sandro Botticelli. "Birth of Venus", 1485
Sandro Botticelli. "Madonna and Child", 1470
Sandro Botticelli. "Madonna with the book" 1483
Sandro Botticelli. "Madonna of the Pomegranate", 1487 Beautiful Simonetta died at age 23 of tuberculosis (in another version - the poison). On her death mourned all Florence - mourned the departure of the Beautiful Lady and the completion of a perfect love Giuliano and Simonetta. Two years after the death of his beloved, on the same day - April 26 - was killed by conspirators and Giuliano de 'Medici. The death of young lovers seemed mystical Florentines, the story remembered for a long time.
Andrea Verrocchio. Female portrait. Presumably, this is a portrait of Simonetta Vespucci
Most portraits of Simonetta appeared after her death. Her early departure mourned and Sandro Botticelli, who wrote with her Venus and Spring. His most famous work - "The Birth of Venus" - Botticelli finished 9 years after the death of Simonetta. There is still controversy about the art which specific canvases the artist depicted Simonetta Vespucci, and only if it. Some have suggested that since they met the artist depicted on all paintings Simonetti in the image of the Madonna or the Venus for 15 years.
With the death of Simonetta Vespucci and Giuliano de 'Medici in Florence ended with a whole epoch, which is called the "golden age", and the decline of the Florentine Renaissance.
Sandro Botticelli. "Venus and Mars", 1483