The most powerful nuclear explosion, filmed on camera
• The most powerful nuclear explosion, filmed on camera
If ever there was an image of beauty, constitute cruel, strength, bearing unimaginable harm, or a person's ability to destroy nature, the mushroom of a nuclear explosion is the least accurate in its submission. Nuclear bombs, since its inception in the 1940s under the auspices of the Manhattan Project became a symbol of the modern world.
Today, the sixth of January, the DPRK announced the successful testing of a hydrogen bomb. So we decided to recall the most powerful nuclear bomb blasts on the planet, and filmed on camera.
Operation Ivy Mike
The world's first successful test of a thermonuclear bomb was conducted USA November 1, 1952. The estimated power of the explosion was equivalent to 10-12 megatons of TNT, which exceeded the explosive power of the bomb dropped on Nagasaki, 500 times.
The cloud from the explosion rose to 37 kilometers, while the diameter of the fungus was 160 kilometers.
The test was filmed by the US Air Force operators.
Operation Castle Romeo
Operation Romeo Castle is described as the third most powerful explosion produced by the United States - 11 megatons of TNT.
The device was detonated 27 March 1954 on a barge moored in the middle of the crater, which remained after the last nuclear test, Castle Bravo. This is the first test, which decided to hold a barge, because it was found that the explosion could destroy the artificial island on the reef, Bikini Atoll, where the tests were performed.
Operation Castle Yankee
The test was carried out only one month after the Castle Romeo May 5, 1954 and again on Bikini Atoll. The power of the explosion was expected, it was to be 6-10 megatons, but the blast from the 13, 5 megatons of TNT. And it became the second most powerful nuclear explosion produced by the United States.
2 minutes after the explosion mushroom cloud altitude was 12 kilometers and 10 minutes later - everything is 40 kilometers. The diameter of the "cap" - 16 kilometers.
Operation Castle Bravo
The explosion of a nuclear bomb March 1, 1954 at the Castle Bravo test is the most powerful explosion produced by the United States to this day. The estimated yield of the explosion - 15 megatons of TNT, which is higher than 1 200 times the explosion of the bomb dropped on Hiroshima. However, tests have resulted in a strong radioactive contamination that caused the whole world to reconsider their views on nuclear weapons.
The cloud from the explosion rose quickly to great heights - one minute it reached the mark of 15 kilometers in 8 minutes exceeded 40 kilometers. The diameter of the "cap" was 100 kilometers. The width of the crater left after the explosion, was 2 km and a depth of 75 meters.
The most powerful bomb in the history of mankind was created in the USSR and blown 30 October 1961. energy of the explosion was about 55 megatons of TNT, which is 10 times more powerful than the explosion of all the bombs of World War II, including dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
The bomb was dropped from an airplane Tu-95B and exploded at an altitude of 4200 m above sea level.
The radius of the fireball from the explosion reached about 4, 5 kilometers. The height of the fungus was 64 km, width - 40 km, and the light emission could cause third-degree burns at a distance of 100 kilometers.