Secrets of the Ocean: 10 mysterious islands of our planet
In 1704, the Scottish sailor Alexander Selkirk on his own request was landed on the island of Mas a Tierra. On it, he lived for the next 4 years, and his story was the basis of Daniel Defoe's novel "Robinson Crusoe". Decide you are to follow the sailor and retire on the island, will have to seriously podnapryachsya seeking similar land: since 1877 on the island of Mas a Tierra people began to reside, and after 1966 it was renamed the island of Robinson Crusoe, on he rushed to the hordes of tourists.
Find the earth, where no man has gone before, of course, is unlikely to succeed, but to get acquainted with the pristine nature and visit isolated from civilization places - is feasible. We have found 10 secluded islands where, even if only for a couple of hours, you can feel like a real Robinson Crusoe.
Ang Thong, Thailand
Almost untouched nature can be found in the Ang Thong archipelago, which is located about 30 km. from Koh Samui. Untouched until it was as long as 40 islands of the archipelago are not included in the national park Mu Ko Ang Thong and began to carry tourists. But despite this, all the islands, except for one, are uninhabited. The population is only on the island of Koh Palu. Live there sea gypsies, who make their living exclusively fishing.
Pyramid Ball, Australia
The island is located about 20 kilometers south-east of Lord Howe Island. Stone spire height of 562 meters is the remnant of an ancient volcano that formed about 7 million years ago. Ball Pyramid is considered one of the most isolated islands in the world of stone. Since 1965, the island was chosen by climbers. Conquest of the top lasted until 1982, until the Australian authorities have not banned climbers to visit the island. In 1986, the island altogether closed to visitors, and to land on the rock, you need a special permit.
Auckland, New Zealand
This group of islands, located to the south of New Zealand's South Island. If someone here once lived and then it happened somewhere in the 13-14 age - that age so archaeologists assessed the findings from Enderby Island, which they believe belonged to a Polynesian settlements. At the moment, the island does not have permanent residents, and the only visitors territories are scientific expeditions. On the islands fairly harsh climate, and the temperature is kept in the stamp area + 5-7 ° C, in the summer sometimes rising to + 11-15 ° C. But even in such circumstances, it is quite possible to survive, which confirms the experience of sailors of the late 19th and early 20th century, who have repeatedly suffered shipwreck in the area and over an extended period lived on the islands of the archipelago.
Phoenix, Republic of Kiribati
All the islands, with the exception of the largest islands in the archipelago of Canton, which is home to 31 people, are uninhabited. After their discovery in the 19th century on the islands for a time was mined guano. Such activities only caused damage to the flora and fauna, and the workers made permanent inhabitants of the island Polynesian rats. In 2008 the island was declared a protected conservation area. Now the Phoenix Islands - the world's largest marine reserve area of 410 500 square meters. km. In 2010, the island was included in the UNESCO World Heritage List.
Coconut Island, Costa Rica
The volcanic island in the Pacific Ocean - the most remote and isolated province of Costa Rica. It is situated in 523 km. from its western coast. This piece of wildlife 24 square meters. km, which shoot some scenes of "Jurassic Park" and the pirates hid their treasures here. In order to preserve biological diversity and unique nature of the island made the reserve. Although the island is considered to be uninhabited, some residents still have here. Constantly on the island inhabited by rangers who monitor the park and give tourists permission to go ashore.
Mamanuca Group of islands is considered one of the most popular tourist areas of Fiji. The archipelago consists of 20 island, and many of them are located resorts, but several islands remain uninhabited. This is due mainly to the lack of drinking water sources. The most famous desert island in the group - a tiny Monuriki, which filmed the movie "Cast Away".
Tetepare, Solomon Islands
The largest uninhabited island in the South Pacific occupies the land area of 118 square meters. km. For many years on the island of indigenous population, but nearly 200 years ago, they left it, having moved to other islands. Now the island is used as a tourist attraction, and for the few who want to stay almost one on one with nature are built thatched huts.
The Maldives consists of approximately 1,190 coral islands. About 200 of them are inhabited by Maldivians. Another 100 were built luxury hotel. The remaining islands are uninhabited, which makes it possible to virtually every resort offers service Desert Island, where guests are transported to a nearby uninhabited island.
This is the second largest atoll in the world after the Christmas Island. The island is a natural reserve of global importance. On an island inhabited by a unique population of giant tortoises. In 1982, Aldabra atoll was added to the UNESCO World Heritage List. The island belongs to one of the few remaining in the world of coral atolls, which is practically not affected by civilization.
Rocky Island, Palau
The islands covered with dense vegetation and fungi-like air, are the main attraction of Palau. They are famous for their beaches and clear blue lagoons. Most of them inhabit only rare birds and animals.