The Icelandic national cuisine is not for wimps
Kitchen Iceland has a great diversity and richness. This is largely due to the fact that the land is not very fertile and the climate is unfavorable. Therefore, for centuries, Icelanders may be turned out like - in the food they are everything, even created a feeling that they have no such thing as food waste.
We picked up 15 dishes of national cuisine of Iceland, some of which, perhaps, can eat only real Vikings.
hákarl - rotten meat Greenland Shark
In fresh meat these sharks toxic - it is a huge concentration of ammonia, as there is no urinary tract in this species of shark. That is why hákarl a very long time preparing to withdraw toxic urea. In fact, shark meat is placed in special containers with gravel, where it goes out for 6-8 weeks. Meat reaches the desired condition, podvyalivayas outdoors 3-4 months. In total, the fish goes out for about six months.
Incidentally, the characteristic smell persists in the finished product, however, it does not diminish its popularity among the local population.
Saltfiskur - salted fish
In Iceland, one of the most used methods of food preservation - it is salty. The fish is completely covered with salt, which then dries her meat. Before you cook a fish, you have to give it a soak in water for several hours (or several days, depending on the size of the fish). Traditionally such fish simply boiled and served with potatoes and bread. Icelanders are now increasingly prefer to make salted fish in a Spanish or Italian style, with tomatoes and olives, for example.
hangikjöt - smoked lamb
Festive dish, the name is translated as "hanging meat". Meat smoked on birch wood or dried with the addition of sheep manure. Then cooked and served hot or cold as peas, mashed potato and white sauce, bechamel analogue.
Gellur - cod tongues
If gellur to cook, such as shown in the photograph in the oven, it is very tasty. But usually gellur simply boiled and served.
Gellur often mistaken for a fish-like languages, but it is fleshy triangular muscles just under the tongue.
Hardfiskur - Dried fish
Another popular dish among Icelanders and even foreigners - dried or dried fish, usually cod or haddock. Icelanders eat it literally tons of oil, without which it, to be honest, do not swallow as much fish meat is very dry.
Icelandic rye bread is very popular in the country. He has a dark color and has a sweet taste. Eat it with butter and fish or meat. One way to cook it is very curious - the finished dough is placed into a metal mold and left for the day, where the volcanoes heat the upper soil layers. Such bread is also called volcanic.
Lundi - bird deadlock
Usually the meat is boiled in milk sauce or smoked. The dish is the most popular on Vestmanskih islands, where there is a whole colony of these birds. Puffins in Iceland is very much like ours, such as pigeons, so eat them without compunction.
Hvalspik means "whale oil". It is cooked and smoked in lactic acid. He considered one of the main specialties of the country, but now it almost no one eats.
slátur - blood sausage or pudding
"Slátur" literally means "blood." Slátur made from the entrails, blood and fat of sheep. Sometimes blood pudding served with sweet rice pudding - a rather strange combination.
Testimonies - sheep's head
Exact pre-purified sheep's head and brain from wool, boiled and sometimes kept in lactic acid. Eat this dish absolutely everything, even the eyes. The most delicious parts of the cheeks and tongue are considered.
Hrutspungur - eggs lamb
It is a delicacy in Iceland, although it is now almost no one does not eat, except on holidays. The emergence of this dish due to the fact that once Iceland was a poor country and the farmers used whatever they could. Eggs are first marinated and then pressed into biscuits or filled with gelatin.
In Iceland, eat minke whale (the whale species that is not threatened with extinction). From whale meat do steaks, kebabs or eat it raw with wasabi and soy sauce. To taste - something between a tuna and beef.
Kotsupa - meat soup
Traditional meat soup made from lamb, potatoes, carrots, onions and turnips. Say, a very tasty dish.
Maybe not a traditional dish, but it is very popular among Icelanders and foreigners. Skira - is a dairy product low in fat, a bit like yogurt, although it is not them. On the basis of thick Skira make a lot of desserts.
brännvin - "Black Death"
And finally, a popular alcoholic drink "brännvin". It translates as "burnt wine" made from potatoes and cumin seeds. Icelanders themselves referred to him only as "Black Death."
By the way, the price of alcohol in Iceland is very high. Buy wine or beer can in restaurants, bars and shops in the state, but for the alcohol you will have to pay a fortune.