How is the first stealth destroyer USA
• How is the first stealth destroyer USA
At his first trial came innovative USS Zumwalt: ship, which is said to have no equal in the world. This is the first American vessel built with maximum protection against radar detection - the original analog stealth bomber B-2 "Spirit". Try to understand more, it is good that advertised on the planet sverhkorabl.
In the early nineties the American troops urgently needed to combat a new generation of vessels. The beginning of the new century, the Navy of the country was simply obliged to meet head-on. According to intelligence sources, the program included a parallel work on two projects at once - have decided to enter into operation a cruiser and a destroyer, each of which was supposed to provide a successful solution to a fairly wide range of combat missions. Regardless of the class, the ship was designed to attack surface and underwater vessels of the enemy. Furthermore, Zumwalt'y supposed to provide extremely efficient protection from air.
The problems began, as always, with the funding. Even the most conservative estimates have demonstrated a complete inability War Department to fund both projects. After some debate, the Congress decided to close the development cruisers and direct all efforts for an early bookmark destroyers. The cost of construction has risen steadily and, as a result, the Americans have enough money for only three of the ship - and it is from the original unit in the claimed 32 ships. The final cost of each destroyer is enormous: the amount exceeds $ 7 billion.
So, the first of a new generation of destroyers left the shipyard on time. Work on the next well on schedule - it is calculated to put into operation no later than March 2017. The third project is in the approval stage: Congress appointed only the beginning of funding for 2018.
It is assumed that the destroyers Zumwalt will faithfully serve the United States for three or four decades to come. The plans for the distant future and shape of the vessel says, quite unusual for modern shipbuilding. The main task of design engineers has been to minimize the visibility of the destroyer radar facilities. For the sake of the contours of the body and all the add-ins appear as planes of the system, the joints at different angles. Low side, with the slope to the deck, serve the same purpose. Driving characteristics Zumwalt'a benefited from a similar layout: the ship develops a rather impressive for its size and speed in its class.
Destroyer steam turbine installed Rolls-Royce Marine Trent-30, by as much as 105 thousand. L. from. They are powered generators that provide energy for all the ship. Propellers driven by electric motors. Tests confirmed the ship speed exceeds 30 knots per hour, which is pretty good for a massive destroyers.
"Zamvolt" will be hitting the enemy with the help of a universal launcher Mk-57. On the deck of the destroyer 20 installed modules Mk-57, each of which has four missile cells. Moreover, a single cell can be placed and two ammunition - just to fit the size. It is expected that the ship will be equipped with different types of ammunition, depending on the tasks. This approach really makes "Zamvolt" in the universal killer that can cope with the target in any environment.
One of the most important innovations of the destroyer - electromagnetic gun. It is assumed that each Zumwalt will be equipped with this strange and yet untried in combat arms environment. At this point it is not clear how the design engineers were able to solve the problem of power: existing models of electromagnetic cannon for a single shot requires as much energy as it takes to power the entire ship.