Rare color photographs of the Russian Empire in the early 20th century
• Rare color photographs of the Russian Empire in the early 20th century,
Cycle color photographs, filmed back in 1911. Where a hundred years ago, the color come from? How was it done? Not long ago, 50-60 years ago, color photo was not that exotic, but it is extremely rare!
The talented chemist, keen photographer, a graduate of the St. Petersburg Institute of Technology, Sergey Prokudin-Gorsky in 1906 published a series of articles devoted to the principles of color photography. During this period he perfected a new method provides the same color sensitivity across the spectrum, he could already be doing color images suitable for projection. Then he develops and a method of transferring a color image based on color separation into three components. He photographed the objects three times through three filters - red, green and blue. I get three positive black and white plates.
for later playback image he used a three-section slide projector with a blue, red and green. All three images from the three plates were projected on the screen at the same time, with the result that those present had the opportunity to see the full-color image. As for 1909 is already well-known photographer and editor of "Amateur Photographer", Sergei Mikhailovich had the opportunity to realize his dream - to make a chronicle of the Russian Empire.
By the Grand Duke Mikhail recommendations he sets out his plan to Nicholas II and received the warmest support. Over the next few years, the government allocated Prokudin-Gorsky specially equipped railroad car for traveling with the purpose of the photographic documentation of the life of the empire.
During this work has been filmed several thousand plates. The technology display a color image on the screen.
And most importantly - a gallery of beautiful photos, unprecedented quality and volume. And for the first time such a series of images has been broken down into color. Then only for the purpose of output with the help of an overhead projector to the screen.
is unusual and the fate of the photographic plates. Prokudin-Gorski succeeds after death Nicholas II go first to Scandinavia, then in Paris, taking substantially all of many years of work - the glass plates 20 boxes.
In 1920 Prokudin-Gorsky lived in Nice and the local Russian community has received a precious opportunity to show his paintings in the form of color slides. Sergey was proud that his work helped the young Russian generation on alien soil to understand and remember, looked like their lost homeland - in its most real form, preserving not only color, but also its spirit.
A collection of photographic plates has experienced numerous crossings family Prokudin-Gorsky, and the German occupation of Paris.
In the late 40-ies in the United States raised the question of the publication of the first volume of "History of Russian Art", edited by Igor Grabar. And the possibility of supplying its color illustrations. And then remembered the translator of this work, Princess Maria Putiatina, that in the early centuries of its in-law, Prince Putyatin presented to Tsar Nicholas II of a Professor Prokudin-Gorsky, who developed the technique of color photography by color separation. According to her, the professor's sons lived exiled in Paris and were the custodians of the collection of his images.
In 1948, a representative of the Rockefeller Foundation, Marshall acquired from Prokudin-Gorsky about 1,600 photographic plates for the sum of $ 5,000. Since the plate were stored for many years in the United States Library of Congress.
Only recently someone came up with the idea to try to scan and combine trehplastinochnye photographs Prokudin-Gorsky on the computer. And it happened almost a miracle - it seemed lost forever the images come to life.