Dymkovo toy and alphabet Vyatskaya
• Dymkovo toys and Vyatskaya ABC
Everyone knows Dymkovo toy, everyone in the Soviet childhood were these bright and whistles dudelki. But few people know that at the beginning of the last century, 400-year-old vyatskiy fishing was destroyed. Clay toys tradition preserved only thanks to one man, and experienced a renaissance in the USSR.
Originated toy with holiday Whistler, which took place in the village of Dymkovo under Vyatka every spring. Women sculpted clay whistles in the form of horses, sheep, ducks and painted their beauty. Soon began to make toys, not only on holidays, it formed a real fishing. But in the late 19th century clay toys you began to restrict plaster figurines. Easy method of production (and hence its quantity and cheapness), they amounted to a serious competition stucco painted Dymkovo toy. Filling in the markets, they have almost eliminated the traditional crafts. By 1917 in Smoke Gray was the only mistress, lepivshaya toy - Anna Afanasyevna Mezrina. In 1933 became interested in their daughters and neighbors, Anna Afanasyevna created a cooperative and began to revive fishing. After 80 years on the basis Dymkovo motives that kept Mezrina will make fashionable clothes.
District Dymkovo Kirov:
The largest collection of toys Dymkovo presented in the exposition of the Kirov Art Museum. Victor and Apollinaris Vasnetsov. Still has a large collection of the Kirov Regional Museum:
Old toys of the last century:
However, Kirov is famous not only Dymkovo toy. Another interesting promyslel - Vyatskaya alphabet. The idea belongs to the head of the studio, and printed manuscripts Andrew Drachenkovu. He managed to gather around him the masters and start the revival of literary culture Vyatka:
to create each element Vjatskoj alphabet with original things - Russian folk culture samples of the late nineteenth - early twentieth century
The design of letters has its own symbolism and significance:
For example, Ѫ letter (big jus). From the middle of the XII century a great jus disappeared from the Russian letters, temporarily came under the influence of the Bulgarian-Romanian literacy in the XV century, and in the XVII century, has disappeared completely. His laid out in the form of the stone skeleton:
Andrew states that refused one wealthy Arab rich man at the exhibition in Moscow in the sale Vjatskoj alphabet. They say, wants to collect and save the project at home. This is certainly commendable and worthy of respect!