26 stunning ancient ruins
• 26 stunning ancient ruins
The fact that the ancient monuments, built by hundreds or even thousands of years ago are still standing, it may seem impossible. To get to such a place - like having to travel back in time and see what life was like many years ago here. From Roman baths in Britain to the Ajanta caves in India - we have collected for you 26 majestic ancient ruins that are worth to see.
1. Machu Picchu in Peru dates back to the 15-16 th century. Once there was a sacred place for all of the Inca religious site, a haven Inca leaders. On the territory of Machu Picchu is more than 150 stone buildings with more than 3000 levels. Despite the enormous size of Machu Picchu, discovered only in 1911. For many years the holy city was lost after the Spanish conquistadors destroyed the Inca civilization.
2. Pompeii was a prosperous ancient Roman city located near modern Naples, but in 79 BC. e. after the eruption of the volcano Mount Vesuvius, the city was buried under the ashes. The eruption killed 2,000 people, but the city remained intact under layers of ash up to 1748, when he was found in the excavations.
3. Each year the legendary Stonehenge attracts over a million tourists. This world-famous megalithic structure is a hundred mysterious boulders standing in a circle. According to recent studies based on radiocarbon analysis, our ancestors from the Neolithic erected this enigmatic monument about 1500 years.
4. Sacred place of Chichen Itza in the Mexican city Tinúm Municipality has a rich 1000-year history and the title of one of the main centers of the ancient Maya in the Yucatan Peninsula. The first human settlement in this place dates back 415-455 years. n. e.
5. Angkor in Siem Reap, Cambodia, it covers more territory than all five boroughs of New York City (600 square kilometers). In the 9-15 th centuries, there were many of the capital of the Khmer empire. Temple of the 12th century Angkor Wat - one of the most revered in Cambodia. He was even present on the country's flag.
6. The location where the famous gladiator fights - Roman Coliseum - was built by Emperor Vespasian in 70-72 years. n. e. as a gift to the Roman people, longed for "bread and circuses".
7. Although the first human settlements in the territory of the Greek city of Mycenae date from the beginning and the middle of the Bronze Age, it is this palace was built in the 14th century. In the tombs of Mycenae many artifacts have been found, and works of art.
8. 3700 km from the west coast of Chile is Easter Island, where next to the volcano Rano Raraku are mysterious moai statues. They represent 900 stone statues to 13 tons each scattered across the island. The purpose of their creation is still unknown.
9. The fantastic city of Cappadocia in modern Turkey was once based Hittite Empire. In this case, the history of this region goes back to the 6th century BC. e. Unique light pipe Cappadocia served as foundations for houses, and for churches.
10. In the Red and the Dead Sea in Jordan is Petra, which in prehistoric times has joined Arabia, Egypt and Syria-Phenicia. Surrounded by mountains and carved into the amazing red rock, this ancient city is truly unique.
11. One of the most popular tourist attractions in the UK - the Roman baths in the English city of Bath. The baths were an integral part of the daily ritual of bathing the ancient Romans. In addition to the visit to the baths, visitors can take a tour of the tunnels, laid underneath.
12. At different times several empires were in the Turkish city of Ephesus - the Greek, Persian, Roman, Byzantine and Ottoman. During its height during the 2nd century BC. e. lived in the city of nearly 300,000 people today you can still see a few columns remaining from the temple of the goddess Artemis - one of the seven ancient wonders of the world.
13. Thirty-four monasteries and temples, built into the wall of basalt rock, Ellora caves up in the Indian state of Maharashtra. This impressive temple complex dates back to the years 600-1000. n. e. and it is a sacred place for the people who practice Buddhism, Hinduism and Jainism.
14. Not far from Mexico City, is the holy city of Teotihuacan, which houses the colossal monuments such as the Temple of Quetzalcoatl and the Pyramids of the Sun and the Moon. It is not surprising that the name of the city means "place where the gods were created".
15. Three Pyramids of Giza, standing on the bank of the Nile in northern Egypt, named after three of the pharaohs, and for which they were built: Cheops, Khafre and Menkaure. Pyramids dated 4th dynasty (about 2575-2465 years. BC. E.).
16. In the beginning, in the 7th century BC. e., the complex, which is now known as the Roman Forum, housed Etruscan cemetery. As a result, this place has become public, commercial and political center of the Roman Empire.
17. The Buddhist monuments in the caves of Ajanta in India's Maharashtra state were built in 1-2 century BC. e. In total there are 29 caves, five of them a temple, and in 24 - the monasteries.
18. One of the most well-preserved rock settlements in the United States are located in the national park Messa Verde in Colorado. In the years 600-1300. n. e. here lived a tribe of Pueblo Indians.
19. The complex of temples of Longmen is located in China's Henan province, and includes more than 2,300 caves and niches carved into the limestone rocks, stretching more than a kilometer. Statues in the caves and inscriptions on them constitute the largest collection of works of art Dynasty and Tang Wei.
20. The city-temple of Bagan in Myanmar takes a 41 sq. km and includes approximately 2,000 monuments. In the 9th century, it served as the central place of Bagan in Burma, which the king Anoratha united by a tradition of Theravada Buddhism.
21. Hadrian's Wall - fortification, which is the largest in the UK structure left over from the ancient Romans. The wall stretches for 128 km and in some places reaches a height of 6 meters. It was built 1,500 workers in just six years - an incredible engineering achievement.
22. In Tulum, located on Mexico's Yucatan Peninsula, is not only a delightful beaches, snorkeling and diving, but also the impressive ruins of the ancient Maya, dating from the year 564 BC. e. On the Yucatec Maya language "tulum" means "wall" - once the settlement was surrounded by a huge barricade.
23. In Central Java, Indonesia, is a Buddhist temple of Borobudur, built in 8-9 centuries. The temple complex was built in three stages and includes 72 Buddhist statues.
24. The Great Wall of China certainly deserves its name. Construction of the wall began in the 3rd century BC. e., but the most famous and well-preserved part of it was built in the period from the 14th to the 17th century AD. e. Wall protect the Chinese Empire from foreign invaders.
25. Situated on the shores of the Gulf of Tunis Carthage was founded in the 9th century BC. e. Here was born and flourished a successful trading empire and civilization, while in 146 BC. e. it is not destroyed by the Romans. Then, on the ruins of Carthage, the first was built a new one.
26. Diocletian's Palace was built between the 3rd and 4th centuries BC. e. in the city of Split, in what is now Croatia. The ruins of the palace can still be found throughout the city center.