Mysteries of Mount Vottovaara
Riddles • Mount Vottovaara
In the depths of the Karelian taiga, a few dozen kilometers from the nearest towns, lies the ancient flat hill - Mount Vottovaara. Why not just tell us about this place. Then you and the ancient sanctuary of the Saami, known for its ritual sacrifices. And unusually shaped rocks, which are growing whimsical trees, twisted mysterious energy flows. And persistent unexplained fires. And the magical rituals of modern shamans. And the channels of communication with the cosmos. And portals to other worlds. And periodic visits to the top of the mountain aliens. And refuse in the most inopportune moment technique. And disappear without a trace on the mountain tourists. And many other similar stories, most of them, a feeling that was born in the depths of the unknown corridors mental hospital ...
We visited Vottovaara and saw everything with my own eyes.
Mount Vottovaara - the highest point in the West Karelian Upland. Her height - 417 meters above sea level. Above the surrounding low-lying areas Vottovaara rises more than 200 meters.
The road leading to the foot of the mountains - nothing more than a mound, remains of the old narrow-gauge railway line - a few decades ago on the slopes of an active logging was performed.
With a jeweler's precision pass an old rotten wooden bridge. The road goes through the swamps, sometimes overflowing and meet us deep tints, to overcome which is necessary to wade. One gets the impression that nature itself protects the hill from intruders. Finally, an hour later, we are coming to the top of the trail. Parking and start climbing.
The northern and eastern slopes of the mountain - a relatively flat, the western and southern - steeper. We climb the west. The first minutes of ascent are tough. The trail abruptly rushes up the air around it seems thick and stiff. Panting and sweating hard to move forward. Soon, the trail becomes flatter. We will gradually rise over the surrounding woods, breathing immediately becomes easier.
After half an hour along trails begin to occur unusual stone structures representing a large boulder, based on two or three smaller stone.
With these boulders related popular legend - a pier on the mountain once housed the ancient sanctuary of the Saami, and all of these rock groups have exclusively anthropogenic in origin.
It is true that the location of the stone - very unusual. Particularly surprising are periodically occurring boulders group composed snake. All this is very unlike the work of nature.
It is clear that such a place could not fail to acquire all sorts of fables. For example, with a light hand (although it would be more accurate to say "with a lying tongue"), some "experts", is a widespread feeling that all these groups are called seids stone.
As you all know, I love to delve into the facts and get to the truth. I do not deny yourself this pleasure now.
To begin, let's see: what, after all, is "Seid"? The concept is inextricably linked to the culture of the Sami (or Lapps, as they were called Scandinavians), so the answer must be sought not in some kind of self-appointed "experts", but directly from the representatives of this not numerous Finno-Ugric peoples. Sami Sami in the early XX century, gave the following definition: seidh - this is the spirit that dwells in some lakeside stones and rocks, patron of Lopar in its various fields and possessing supernatural powers.
So called Seiden any beautiful or unusual design of the stones and rocks - at least ignorant.
It's simple. Firstly, Sejdiu can be not only the stone but also of any other natural object, such as an old snag or bizarrely growing moss on rocks. Secondly, seidh - it is not the material object, but the spirit that dwells in it. It is important! So, before you make a statement about the relationship of a stone with Sejdiu, it is necessary, at least, to prove that this is the stone in the previous period of history has been endowed with the Sami any iconic properties.
Most Sade has a natural origin, although sometimes there are man-made copies. The truth is we should not forget the fact that the Sami, by nature, quite lazy people, accustomed to the harsh conditions of life, and not accustomed to strain once again, if it is not absolutely necessary. They do not build their own large houses, even in our days well do unpretentious and kuvaksami tupami, and not burden themselves with unnecessary assets. It is this philosophy - why expend energy on all sorts of excesses, if you can live well. Proceeding from this fact, it is easy to make a fairly simple logical conclusion: no self-respecting Saami would never have to strain and raise multi-ton boulder above the ground.
Of course, man-made seids still exist, but their number can literally count on one hand (and they are all exclusively on the Kola Peninsula), so the allegations that several hundred rock groups Vottovaara - it Saami hand - no more than beautiful fairy tale.
This will be the place one very stubborn fact - none of the Sami had never heard about any of the sanctuary, located somewhere in the middle of the Karelian forests. And even if we imagine such an option, the sanctuary - very old, and all of it just simply forgotten under the pressure of centuries - all the same in the vicinity of Mount Vottovaara no trace of the presence of any Sami was found, no one whatever it was more. Of course, given the fact that most of Vottovaara became known recently (the first modern explorers reached the mountains only in the 1970s), and around it are located dozens of kilometers deaf untrodden forests - probably just should look better.
Whatever it was, the facts stubbornly indicate that the connection with the Sami Vottovaara - quite illusory, and, most likely, no ancient temples never existed here. Then where did all these strange multi-ton boulders, raised above the ground?
It's very simple: all these stone group - no more than the result of meticulous work of a huge glacier that covered several thousands of years ago the whole of Northern Europe. All these two-storey structure formed during the retreat of the ice: large clumps eventually settled on the rocks and sand and small debris are gradually washed out from under their foundations, leaving only the tightly pressed against the stones-feet.
All of this - the elementary physics. Only two facts.
First, when moving promiscuous homogeneous physical bodies of different sizes (namely, such processes occur at glacier movement) fine fraction under the influence of gravity will always fall down. Doubters can conduct a simple experiment: type in the bank more stones of different sizes and carefully shake it - after a while the majority of small fragments will be at the bottom.
Secondly, as we know more from the school physics course for a sustainable position of the body at rest if and only three points of support. This explains the presence of just three "legs" under boulders: at warming the glacier melted, large stones fell down, firmly relying on the three largest "legs", and a small fraction eventually washed out from under the boulder streams of water.
Some time ago Vottovaara mountain conducted a study to prove the theory of the natural formation of these unusual rock groups: scientists have found that most of the stones were brought to the top of the mountain from the other places the glacier, and, importantly, they are all in the original order - signs of movement of their people there.
I will open a minute I have a terrible secret: the boulders on the legs - not some local unique phenomenon. Similar stone groups meet throughout Northern Europe, just on top of Vottovaara due to the rocky ground and the lack of on it soil, this effect is most noticeable, while in other places the lower part is hidden from the eyes of the soil and vegetation, not allowing to see the full analogy in the arrangement of boulders on-legs stones.
By the way, such as boulders on the clearly visible stone pedestals are found more in several places in Karelia, as well as in the Murmansk region. Although Vottovaara them really very much - say about five hundred, making it one of the largest collections of such structures in the world.
And, for the sake of completeness, I will quote one segment is quite charismatic scientific work (MG Kosmenko, NV Lobanov, "On the question of archaeological sites on the mountain Vottovaara.") - are all in the same paragraph lucidly explain everything what I was trying to tell you in some detail above:
In the vast majority of his utterances fans and journalists on "iconic" buildings on Mount Vottovaara painted biased, usually unfounded notions about the origin and function of these objects, although the probability of deliberate mystification and with the aim of impressing gullible readers. Believe they can not and should not be. This modern myths, which are parasitic on people's interest in unusual phenomena, and partly it is formed. Noticeably the desire of authors to immediately replicate the media psevdosensatsionnye revelation and speculation focused on the general public. You can guess that there is a proportion of indirect self-promotion, and some authors would like to pass in public opinion by recognized specialists of the "mysterious" stone objects in the Russian North. All. Subject origin rock groups on the mountain Vottovaara disclosed.
But the set sights Vottovaara not limited boulders on the legs.
Here, for example, the Scandinavian maze. Sometimes referred to as "Babylon." These mazes are quite common in northern Europe, for example, I saw as something like building on Shokare. Their exact purpose is unknown: there are two theories - or they were cult-religious nature, or they were ordinary commercial items. Maze-like, anyway, it has always been associated with the fishery and placed solely on the shores of seas, so we can say with confidence that the instance on Mount Vottovaara - nothing more than a modern, not very appropriate parody.
Vottovaara attracts lovers and fans of mysticism and various occult currents. On the mountain all year round there are meetings modern shamans gieprboreytsev, pagans and others their sympathizers. they are all in one voice say about the special energy of the place - they say it is felt the most intimate contact with the cosmic forces and is a portal to other worlds. After all, no accident the ancient Sami sought to establish their Sejdiu is on Vottovaara - apparently they just know something, we do not know.
So that the mountain is gradually filled with artifacts of our time.
top of the mountain looks pretty ominous. Over the past few decades, there occurred terrible fires twice. The last one occurred in 2006. Hoaxer, of course, love to tell beautiful tales that supposedly Vottovaara burn with alarming frequency, but it is - utter nonsense.
Of course, the mountain Vottovaara very interesting.
Landscapes its summit - fabulous, and the landscape - very unusual.
This will see very often. Some trees look as if someone with full force hit them enormous hammer, causing their trunks curled up in unimaginable spiral. While the others grow relatively normally.
A few thousand years ago, there was a strong earthquake, which resulted in the top Vottovaara formed a giant failure.
This place is called the amphitheater. One of the most amazing creations earthquake - a huge stone well rectangular shape. Naturally, this is - one of the main objects overgrown with myths.
Then he added to them a strange geometric patterns.
and huge boulders the size. And chaotic ruined stone plateau.
And the mysterious narrow trails.
And the captivating scenery of the Karelian.
And the amazing boulders on the legs.
And the trees bizarre. The result is a very attractive, though quite improbable mix.
Surprisingly, mountain Vottovaara was opened recently - the first explorers arrived here only in the 1970s. Despite the fact that it was immediately clear that this is the place - obviously out of the ordinary, until the 1990s, no serious scientific studies have been conducted.
At that time the mountain had time to acquire incredible legends that with the advent of the Internet began to multiply exponentially.
One of the most famous legends is devoted to the alleged second title Vottovaara - "Death Mountain".
Some media periodically make statements, that is the name of the mountain gave the locals because of the ritual sacrifice, supposedly once committed here. The authors of these statements locals gladly spit in the impudent lies, those snouts, because all of these statements - utter nonsense.
In fact, far from Vottovaara really a mountain, with the same moniker - "Hill of Death". Of course ancient rituals of the Saami is absolutely nothing to do with, the more that human sacrifice was not spawn in their culture. And due to Vottovaara in that mountain, too, no no.
The name of this nameless height of 264.9 won during the Second World War. Here at the end of July 1942 a severe battle with the superior forces of the enemy were Karelian guerrillas. Then sent to the rear of the Finnish troops 648 fighters back after 57 hard days back only 140. On the roads of this brigade novel was written in the late 1970s, "Below the charity."
I will not delve into the narrative of the other fantasies related to the mountain. The curious reader will find them without any problems on the Internet. Next will show a selection of photographs taken shortly before sunset.
Meanwhile, the day is coming to an end, and it's time we go down. Once again, look at the surprisingly smooth rock faults, their unusual geometry.
And finally walks open the most terrible secret Vottovaara: no secrets in fact does not exist ...
Year Vottovaara - really interesting and unique natural object. Yes, it is possible, though unlikely, that once here was located a ritual complex of ancient people, perhaps even Sami. But nothing paranormal here is not, in any case, we did not witness any of the mystical phenomena. Cameras regularly worked, mobile phones ringing, and even Internet access, navigators are not confused in his testimony, and the compass clearly pointed to the north. Even aliens and other green men did not come out to meet us (not counting, of course, some strange personalities, play some mournful melody of the flute right on top of the mountain). We have successfully bypassed a significant part Vottovaara and returned safely back to Gimoly.