As filmed epic film "Braveheart"
• How Making
epic film "Braveheart"
20 years ago, on the 24th May 1995 for the first time on the screens released film "Braveheart" with Mel Gibson in the lead role. The picture, directed and produced by himself became Gibson collected five "Oscars", the award "Golden Globe" and a dozen of prestigious film awards and has become one of the iconic history of Hollywood movies.
In this issue, we will tell you how to shoot this epic picture
Epic historical film about the national hero of Scotland, William Wallace, and the struggle which he lifelong waged against the British. I wrote the script picture newcomer in a big movie and namesake hero Randall Wallace, based on the known historical facts, as well as a medieval poem by the Scottish bard Blind Harry.
William Wallace was a small farmer by birth, studied in Europe and led an uprising of peasants and soldiers against the humiliating power of the British. He was a brilliant strategist and managed to win a few important battles, was betrayed and died with the word "Freedom!" On their lips. He became a legend and a symbol of freedom-loving Scotland. Hollywood just could not pass by such a material.
When Mel Gibson offered to play Wallace, he at first hesitated, believing that the old for the role. Instead, he expressed his desire to become a director of the tape. Then the studio put a condition: Gibson allowed to take the director's chair, if he agrees to the role of Wallace. The decision was fateful: "Braveheart" won five "Oscars", and two of them (as a director and as a co-producer) went to Gibson. A two-handed sword, with whom he starred in the film, a few years later was sold at auction, "Sotheby's" for 170 thousand. Dollars.
The film was shot in Scotland, and for the filming of one of the rainiest places in the country have been inadvertently selected: six weeks of filming here dawned only 3 sunny days. Eternally cloudy weather, according to the director, contributed to recreating a specific screen - dark and harsh - atmosphere. Part of the location filming took place in the ancient medieval castles in Scotland and Ireland, as well as extras in the film starred the real descendants of Wallace.
According to witnesses, during the filming of "Braveheart" Gibson paced the floor with a mysterious book called "How to remove the epic film." The book was not true - the director just wanted to make fun of his colleagues. However, at the end of filming Gibson could he write such a work: "Brave Heart" created with a truly epic scale.
Only one battle at Stirling was shot six weeks. For this scene was filmed 90 hours of material (in the movie came barely a hundredth part). To participate in the battle scenes soldiers of the Irish equivalent of the National Guard were involved, 3,000 thousand riders were involved in the shooting for the movie was 6000 sewed costumes. According to the director, despite the abundance of difficult tricks, none of the actors, extras and stuntmen seriously hurt. There were bruises, scrapes and even a broken ankle, but no more.
In order to save money during the filming of the battle, Mel Gibson used the panning. All the extras he built in one row and the mounting simply turned mirror image. We can say that in this episode, the actors are ready to fight with yourself.
Initially Gibson asked for money for the "Braveheart" from Warner Brothers. The company agreed, but on condition that the actor will star in "Lethal Weapon 4". Mel refused. But three years later, in 1998, still played in the final part of the cult action movie.
Mechanical horses used in the film were made so realistic that animal advocates have begun to make a complaint, not believing that "none of the horses when shooting has not suffered." Then Mel Gibson offered to show the doubters workforce dangerous scenes with animatronic horses and pay five dollars to anyone who detects a fake. As far as is known, no five-dollar bill is not left out of pocket Gibson.
After the film Gibson often asked questions about the historical accuracy of the film. Recognizing that some of the details are not true (for example, the love story of Wallace and Isabel completely invented by screenwriter - at that time the future princess was a little girl, and marry Evard came only three years after Wallace's execution), the director pointed out that the life of Wallace for a long time He became a legend, almost a myth. A myth does not lose on Liberty interpretation - especially if we are talking about the historical blockbuster.
Filmed for $ 70 million, the film has collected in world hire more than 200 million, with three-quarters of the amount brought to the creators rental outside the United States. The film was nominated for 10 "Oscars" and was, as already mentioned, the five of them. In addition to Gibson, awarded prizes photography John Toll, make-up artist and a team of specialists in visual and sound effects.